Adult education is the practices of teaching and educating adults. Adult education takes place in the workplace, through extension school or school of continuing education. Other learning places include community colleges, folk high schools and lifelong learning centers. The practice is also often referred to as training and development and is often associated with workforce or professional development. It has also been referred to as androgyny. Adult education is different from vocational education, which is mostly workplace based for skill improvement and also from non-formal adult education, including learning skills or learning for personal development.
Community development: Is a broad term applied to the practices and academic disciplines of civic leaders, activist, involved citizens and professionals to improve various aspects of local communities. Community development seeks to empower individuals and groups of people by providing them with the skills they need to effect change in their communities.
HOW ADULT EDUCATION HELP IN PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES IN COMMUNITIES
Adult education can help in promoting programmes in communities through community-based health promotion. A comprehension approach to long-term health behaviour change by influencing the community (cultural) norms through education and community organization. Health promotion programmes need make it possible for the community to support healthy behaviours. To do this successfully, the community and its leadership must be mobilized to provide community-based health programs. Community–based health promotion targets the whole community. Changing habits may begin at the individual or family level, but maintaining change relies on reinforcement and approval at the community levels. Program efforts need to focus on the whole community so that it becomes positive and enabling, one in which the family, the media, employers, educators, faith communities, voluntary and professional organizations health care institutions and government all take an active and positive role in changing those factors in the community which continue to place people at risk.
Community-based health promotion requires action at many levels. Well planned and co-ordinated actions from segments of the community are necessary for health behaviour change. Strategies must provide people with health information, develop opportunities for people to make and practice healthful choices, encourage those choices through community support and provide economic and other incentives and policies that promote healthy choices.
Community-based health promotion has many educational component, individual, group and community-wide education initiatives are needed to influence health behaviour change. Community-based health promotion aims at effective public participation. People need to be involved in the decision making process, coming together to determine the appropriate strategies for their communities. Involved all segments of the community in the planning and implementing of programmes, insures co-operation and co-ordination and is a key to the success of health promotion efforts community-based health promotion focus is on basically healthy people.
Health promotion needs to reach people before they are symptomatic, and at a time when changing health behaviours can prevent illness, disability and death. The goal is to encourage people, through lifestyle changes, to improve their overall health and well being.
Adult education has helped most people that couldn’t complete their education to do so. It has also help in creating awareness of the importance of education. Through adult education so many people have the awareness of health; it is also a means of relating to people via online.
Through adult people learn to address the real problems of society like power sharing, wealth creation, gender and health issues. The adult learners are more motivated to learn.
Adult education helps one to actualize his dream in life.
Through adult education people learn different skills which help to boost their farming products and other vocational engagements.
Through adult education in there is awareness of health programmes that concerns their health problems or issues.
Through adult education life has be reshaped. It has also help to reduce poverty, ignorance, fear, sickness and higher. Through adult education people participate in the social development. There is human capital formation in adult education, there is enhancement of labour productivity.
In Nigeria today one of its major aims and objective is to inculcate good habits in the life’s of people.
Also to eradicate illiteracy, poverty. There is also the tendency to empower people through adult education.
(1) Wehmeyer, M.L., Agran, M; & Hughes, .C. (1998). Teaching self determination to students with disabilities: Basic skills for successful transition Baltimore: Paul .H. Borokes.
(2) National collaborative on workforce and Disability for youth (2004). Organizational and programmatic component of effective youth programs.