The study aims to assess the level of indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra. Specifically, the study sought to (i) Determine how parents attitude contribute towards indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area. (ii) Determine how teachers contribute to indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area. (iii) Determine how Government activities contributes towards indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area. (iv) Determine how peer-group influence contribute towards indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The area of the study was Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State of Nigeria. The population of the study was made up of two thousand two hundred (2,200). Secondary school students in the study area. The sample size for the study was one hundred and fourty (140) students were drawn from five secondary schools in the area of the study randomly. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The finding of the study revealed that the ways parents contributes to indiscipline among secondary school students. The study also reveals the ways teachers contributes towards indiscipline among secondary school students. The study further revealed the ways government activities contributed towards indiscipline among secondary school students the study also revealed the ways peer-group influence contributes towards indiscipline among secondary school students. The implication of study is that it attempts to combat in discipline among secondary school students. The recommendations states that governments, parents, teachers and peer-groups should work together towards the achievement of a good educational standard.
The school is a social unit established by members of the society as a formal agency of education where people learn about the custom, attitude and ways of doing things in their society. Laolu (2005) defined school in sociological context as the place where the culture of the members of the wider society, including the operators of the educational system are governed by norms and laws that direct the affairs of an individual member. Such law according to Asaolu (2007), are meant to compel the entire members of the society to exhibit character that will conform to the societal laws and order, in order to ensure peaceful co-existence in schools, the authorities often make rules and regulations that guide and control the behavour of their students with a view of setting high standard of discipline, conducive to the education process.
Akinpelu (2001), asserted that the infringement by any student on such established rules and regulation constitute offences which are subject to appropriate retributive punishment. Jackson (2007) asserted that discipline involves self-respect, control and self-restraints against immoral behavior. This behavior is guided by moral and social norms which impel such individual to what is good at all times. Johnson (2010), opined that at the school level, discipline is defined as the ability of the students and the teachers to obey school rules and regulations necessary for the smooth running of teaching-learning process. Olusegun (2005), defined indiscipline as the improper training of the mind and body which can produce desired control necessary for an individual to perform the positive roles required for the achievement of organization or community goals and aspiration. Indiscipline is a negative form of discipline Zubaidia in Dare, Hashim, Sweinan and Ofie (2004), defined indiscipline in schools as lack of respect for school rules and regulation and the maintenance of an established standard of behavior and implies self-control, restraint, respect for one self and others.
Indiscipline in the family and in society is a growing problem and its effects are reflected in the schools. The following are signs of indiscipline Nwambam (2011) Violent attacks by students on other students and even teachers, Deliberate vandalism to school properties, Breaches of school values, chronic misbehavior in classrooms, Time wasting in lessons, challenges to the authority of teachers, Disruption of students who are anxious to work, stealing, truancy, untidiness in school work, dress and habits, late coming to school and lessons.
Johnson (2010), pointed out that indiscipline manifest in various ways, such as: Disorderliness, smoking, examination malpractices, building, disobedience, stealing and dishonesty. Zubaidia (2009), identifies various forms of indiscipline among secondary school students, such as:
Truancy, lateness to school cultism, drug abuse, insulting/assaulting, stealing, rioting and many other anti-social vices. Farrant (2000), opined that the cause of indiscipline are to be found in society’s changing standards, the maladjustment caused by broken homes and stress within the traditional family system. Also the felling of anonymity felt by children in large school and the growing resentment among students; that conventional schooling no longer lead to assured employment as once it did. The task for teachers in such times of change, is no easy one. For there is no point in dealing merely with symptoms, it is the cause that must be tackled and that mean’s getting down to the human and moral problems that face today’s children.
Amaele (2007), pointed out the following factors that promotes indiscipline among the secondary school students. The teachers, like any other civil servant in Nigeria, are poorly paid and treated. To be able to make little improvement in his income, he has to run after some other money earning ventures. This means that he will no longer be fully dedicated and committed to official duties. Such unethical behaviors like lateness, absenteeism, truancy, among others, which he would have taught other use by example, will appear real in school. The poor conditions of services equally expose teachers to the point of demanding and receiving money from students and their parents. This situation equally make them to engage in examination malpractice and other anti-social behaviours in schools. Amaele (2007), asserted that in River State for instance, there was this policy between 1988 and 1991 by the post primary school board to promote teachers, based on the performance of their students in junior and senior secondary school certificate examination malpractice.
Again, Ezenu (2005), opined that most home lack sound moral environment. Like the teachers, parents ought to live exemplary life for their children and wards to emulate. What example will a father who leaves home every day and return drunk leave for his children? How can a father or mother who does not keep to matrimonial chastely advice his or her children against sexual abuse? The above is the home environment where most of the students Scholars and students come from and yet we want the school to work magic. Ridiculously, our different religious group today preach religious dichotomy, violence, hatred, fanaticism, false propaganda and similar other vices. These vices are not even witnessed between one religious body and another like Muslims and Christians, but among one religious group.
Femi Odekunle (2002), about 45 out of every 100, 000 Nigerians are criminals. This may be a conservative estimate today when we compare current figures of reported crimes to those before the 1970s. Ezewu (2005) pointed out that among the Christians for instance, there is the doctrinal conflict, leadership tussle, procedural conflict, among others. These things break the same body into little bodies. Consequently, these breaks, make unity impossible among brethren. This experience is not limited to the Christian bodies alone, it is also the cause with the Muslims and the traditionalist. Indeed, the dichotomies initiated by the different religious bodies in Nigeria have helped in fueling ethnic sentiments, inequalities or imbalances in power and economic sharing as well as general country.
According to Zubaidia (2009) and Eyinada (2009), a number of these act of indiscipline were directed against constructed authorities and established rules. An example of this, is refusal to wear the right school uniform and going out of bounds without permission. The respect which teachers demand among students had been seriously worn-off, and some teachers have not done much to help the situation by their actions. This problem has turned to a national issue. Our leaders in the past have tried to remedy this situation as spelt out in the National Policy on Education (2004) revised, is to inculcate right types of values in Nigeria society.
Onyiye and Ojedapo (2010), identified some factors that cause indiscipline among students; such as;
Government nonchalant attitude toward education, parental factors,
Teachers’ attitude is a contributing factor to indiscipline among secondary school students. This is accordance with Rogers (2003) who states that the child is naturally good, but it is the teacher that corrupts him. He also agreed that teachers ignores student’s problems and complains whether academic or otherwise. This prepares ground for indiscipline to the students.
Parents have important roles to play in curbing indiscipline among secondary school students. Aderoju (2004) traced a very vital role of the parents which can be achieved between the parents (home) and the school. In his findings, he asserted that the notorious students came from homes where parents do not care about what goes on in the school. He pointed out further that once a student knows that an impromptu visit can be made on him by the parents, such students will be very careful and this will help them to be more disciplined.
The activities of the Government has contributed a lot to the growth of indiscipline among secondary school students. According to Eyinade (2009), referred to the issue of non-provision of facilities required to make learning environment conducive to students which in turn make them to be indisciplined.
Essen (2000), also stated the issue of ill equipped laboratories, large and crowded classes, as a contributing factor to indiscipline in schools. Onyiji and Ojedepo (2010), also pointed out Government non-chalant attitude to provision of materials as cause of indiscipline among secondary school students. In addition, the influence of peer groups, has contributed a lot to indiscipline among secondary school students. Iburun (2005) stated that peer-group is of great importance as it affects young people way of life. Therefore, through these points highlighted, we can observe that indiscipline among the secondary school students, is on the high side, and there is need to get at the root cause of this menace, in order to make our education system what it ought to be.
The basic concern of this topic is “Assessing the level of indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka, South local government are of Anambra State” is to determine the following problems.
The problem of indiscipline and its associated ills, as it affects the schools and the society at large. Which includes breaking or violation of the law, rape, drug, addition, murder among others vices? Also, problem which is based on how will this menace be removed completely?
Furthermore, a problem of how to make the parents, the government, the teachers and even peer-group, to know and understand that discipline is a very vital tool for achieving educational goals and objective?
For discipline to be achieved. All hand must be on deck, and people must work collectively towards the attainment of a well reformed society especially in Awka South local government area of Anambra state.
The main purpose of this study, is to find out factors causing indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State. This study is specially designed to.
- Determine how parents attitudes contribute to indiscipline among secondary school students in Akwa South Local Government Area of Anambra state
- Determine how teachers attitudes contribute to indiscipline among secondary school students, Akwa South Local Government Area of Anambra state
- Determine how government activities contribute towards indiscipline among secondary school students in Akwa South Local Government Area of Anambra state
- Determine how peer-group influence contribute to indiscipline among secondary school students in Akwa South Local government Area of Anambra state.
The students would benefit from the findings of this study because, when the students are given the necessary attention, there is tendency that they will understand themselves, and a good teacher-student relationship will be there as a result of this, the class room set objectives will be achieved.
Parents/guardians shall also benefit from the findings of the study because they are sending their children to school to learn and to see changes in their behaviours. When these children return home and seeing their effort not been wasted their (parent) will be happy.
The general public will also benefit from the findings of this study, because the knowledge, skills and relevance of good behaviour which the children gain from the school during the period of learning will be used for the development of the entire society.
The scope of this study is limited to assessing the level of indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State. As it affects teaching and learning. In terms of scope and contents the study investigate how parents contributes to indiscipline among secondary school students. It also sought to identify how the activities of the Government contributes towards indiscipline. The study also investigate how teachers contributes to indiscipline among the secondary school students. The study also sought to identify how peer-group influence has contributed towards indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State. Five (5) schools were selected for the bases of notoriety in act of indiscipline. These secondary schools includes; Federal Government College Nise, St. John of God Secondary School Awka, Union Secondary School Amawbia, Community Secondary School Ezinato, and Community Secondary School Isiagu.
The following research questions are formulated to guide the study. Formulated to guide the study
- What ways has the parents attitude contributed to indiscipline among secondary schools students in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State?
- Determine how teacher’s attitudes contribute to indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South local government area of Anambra state.
- Determine how activities of Government contributed towards indiscipline, among the secondary school student in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State?
- Determine how peer-group influence contributed to indiscipline among secondary school students in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State?