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Axiology

AXIOLOGY

Axiology is derived from the Greek word; ’’axis’’ which means “value, worth”; and “logos’’ which means study; therefore axiology is the philosophical study of value. It is either the collective term for ethics and aesthetics philosophical fields that depend crucially on notions of value—or the foundation for these fields, and thus similar to value theory and meta-ethics. The term was first used by Paul Lapis, in 1902, and Eduard von Hartmann, in 1908.

Axiology studies mainly two kinds of values: ethics and aesthetics. Ethics investigates the concepts of “right” and “good” in individual and social conduct. Aesthetics studies the concepts of “beauty” and “harmony.” Formal axiology, the attempt to lay out principles regarding value with mathematical rigor, is exemplified by Robert S. Hartman‘s Science of Value. Studies of both kinds are found Human being

Axiology is the study of value. It is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with various criteria which underline the choices we make or with the factors which affect our desires, interest, likes and performances.
A man is a valuing animal. He prefers some things to others. Man has likes, dislikes and preferences. What do we value most? We value things like good health, happiness, family marriages. For example, happiness is not a material value but we all inspire to be happy in life. We also have value for material things like money, good houses. Axiology tries to evaluate the various basis of grounds of our interests, choices or preferences. Sometimes, reason may compel man to abandon some of his interests, desires and wants. For instance, the pursuit of pleasure, pleasure may lead to destruction. It is transitory and short lived.
There are two main components of Axiology namely Ethics and Aesthetic, Ethics is a normative science of human conduct. It  describes the way things ought to be. Ethics can be equated with logic. Ethics deals with the norms of right conduct. The concept of man reveals that man is a rational animal and is also capable of human desires, emotions, attitudes and passions. Aesthetic deals with the norms of beauty. It is concerned with appreciating beauty in nature and art. It attempts to evaluate the various criteria of beauty that is a justification we make for preferring a certain work of art to another.

…humans share with other primates the characteristics of opposing thumbs, omnivorous diet, five fingers, humans have a highly developed [brain] capable of abstract reasoning, [language], and introspect sociology, social norms, and laws that form the basis of human society. Their ability to appreciate (psychological) and (sociology), social aspects of humans and it is the principle characteristic difference, with limbs capable of performing a variety of functions, refined five-digit hands adapted for the same purpose.

COMPONENT PARTS OF AXIOLOGY

IRRATIONALISM

…The surface of things and hampers the development of what really matters. Origins of irrationalism; There are at least two main sources of irrationalism which are; the limits of rationalism activity. This is well summarized by the statement of [Antoine de Saint-Exupéry]’s ”Little Prince:

AESTHETICS

… [Parthenon]’s facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. …are not beautiful in any usual or reasonable sense of the term “beautiful.” by [David Hume] prior to the introduction of the term “aesthetics.” whether notable or “good,” as a specific expression of what is perceived as being aesthetic. …In the night many see natural beauty folded within petals of a rose or other flower.

HUMAN BEING

…Humans share with other primates the characteristics of opposing thumbs, omnivorous diet, five fingers, humans have a highly developed [brain] capable of abstract reasoning, [language], and introspect sociology, social norms, and laws that form the basis of human society. Their ability to appreciate (psychological) and (sociology), social aspects of humans and it is the principle characteristic difference, with limbs capable of performing a variety of functions, refined five-digit hands adapted for the same purpose.

EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATION OF AXIOLOGY

Education has brought about civilization and reshaping of the whole culture, norms and values.

The philosophy of value provides education with aims and ideals for action. In its turn, education is a fundamental element for developing and performing values ideals. Therefore we may conclude that the concept of value ideal and education, though their content and functions are integrative.

REFERENCES

International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology.

Source: https://www.shvoong.com/social-sciences/education/2073866-axiology-study-value/#ixzz356ePKYkI

Random House Unabridged Dictionary Entry on Axiology.

 Lapie, Paul (1902). Logique de la volonté. Paris: F. Alcan.

 von Hartmann, Eduard (1908). Grundriss der Axiologie. Hermann Haacke.

 Samuel L. Hart. Axiology—Theory of Values. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.

 Arneson, P. (2009). Axiology. In S. Littlejohn, & K. Foss (Eds.), Encyclopedia of communication theory. (pp. 70-74). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

 Arneson, P. (2009). Axiology. In S. Littlejohn, & K. Foss (Eds.), Encyclopedia of communication theory. (pp. 70-74). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

 Arneson, P. (2009). Axiology. In S. Littlejohn, & K. Foss (Eds.), Encyclopedia of communication theory. (pp. 70-74). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.

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2 Comments

  1. Akalonu chidiogo clinton March 7, 2016
  2. Adedigba Sandra Oyindamade September 12, 2016

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