PROJECT TOPIC- AUDITOR’S PERCEPTION OF THE USEFULNESS OF COMPUTER ASSISTED AUDIT TECHNIQUES

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to examine the auditor’s perception of the usefulness of computer assisted audit techniques in Nigerian organizations. The study seeks to evaluate the nature and extent of the utilization of GAS in financial institutions, which economical significant entities typically make intensive use of information systems for many business processes. Many financial institutions are of a sufficient size to warrant investment in GAS by internal or external auditors. Financial institutions also are often subject to regulatory regimes that require monitoring of particular risks and potential malfeasance in areas such as money laundering.  It was used to determine whether the effected Computer Assist Audit technique has been used in the auditing practice and to determine if there is a significant relationship between CAATS and effective financial reporting in an organization. It was concluded that Computer Assisted Audit Techniques (CAATS) and generalized Audit software (GAS) have been seen as an important element of both the external and internal audit processes. Finally, it was recommended that all auditing firms should be instructed to have the security code to enhance effectiveness and efficiency in their business and that training of personnel in auditing should be based on workshop, seminar and conference to boost the awareness of the security auditors.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the Study

While the use of Information Technology (IT) in the business world has grown exponentially in the past two decades, the extent to which auditors have adopted IT such as Computer-Assisted Auditing Techniques (CAATS) to meet this growth remains an empirical question (Arnold and Sutton 1998; Curtis and Payne 2008; Janvrin et al 2009). CAATS are computer tools that extract and analyze data from computer applications (Braun and Davis 2003). CAATS permit auditors to increase their productivity as well as that of the audit function (Zhao et al. 2004, 389).

For example, CAATS may automatic previously manual audit tests reducing total audit hours expended. They enable auditors to test 100 percent of the population rather than a sample, thereby increasing the reliability of conclusions based on that test (AICPA 2001; Curtis and Payne 2008). In addition, CAATS may be used to select sample transactions meeting specific criteria, sort transactions with specific characteristics, obtain evidence about control effectiveness, and evaluate inventory existence and completeness (AICPA
2006).

Recent audit standards encourage auditors to adopt CAATS to improve audit efficiency and effectiveness (AICPA 2001, 2002a, 2002b, 2002c, 2006). For example SAS No 106 suggests that CAATS may be used to improve audit efficiency by recalculating information provided by audit clients (AICPA 2006). Furthermore, SAS No. 106 indicates CAATS increase audit effectiveness by allowing auditors to directly inspect evidence stored in electronic from (AICPA 2006).

Improving audit efficiency and effectiveness in particularly important in today audit environment where auditors have enhanced responsibilities for detecting fraud due to SAS No. 999 requirement and internal control effectiveness as directed under Section 404 of the Subanes Oxieg Act and Public. Company Accounting oversight Board (PCAOB) Audit standard No. 5 Despite the current emphasis on CAATS, research indicates that auditors do not frequently and systematically use CAATS (Liang et al. 2001; Kalaba 2002; Debrecency et al 205. Shaikh 2005) Curtis and Payne 2008; Janriv et al 2009). Auditor acceptance of CAATS may be driven by both firm resource issues and individual user perceptions.

Prior information systems research indicates that even when sufficient resource exist to purchase IT, users may not use (i.e., accept) the new IT (Davis 1989). Thus, the primary purpose of our research is to examine factors that influence individual, auditor acceptance of CAATS.

Information systems research has developed several models to predict user acceptance of IT. This study uses a recent technology acceptance model, the unified technology acceptance and use of technology theory (UTAUT) (Venkatesh et al. 2003). UTAUT integrates several previously accepted models to assess the likelihood of success for new technology introductions. Understanding the drivers of acceptance allows researchers and audit firm management to proactively design interventions (including training, marketing etc) targeted (including training, marketing etc) targeted at populations of auditors that may be less inclined to adopt and use new systems (Venkatesh et al 2003). UTAUT proposes that four factors influence user acceptance.

  1. The expectation users hold regarding how well the system may improve their performance (i.e., performance expectancy)
  2. The degree of effort users, believe will be needed to use the new system (i.e., degree expectancy).
  3. The extent users perceive that individuals important to them encourage system usage (i.e., social influence).
  4. The expectation users hold regarding the existence of an organization and technical infrastructure to support system usage (i.e. facilitating conditions).

    PROJECT TOPIC- AUDITOR’S PERCEPTION OF THE USEFULNESS OF COMPUTER ASSISTED AUDIT TECHNIQUES

1.2   Statement of Problem

Prior CAAT research is generally descriptive in nature. Braun and Davis (2003) surveyed government auditor regarding their usage of Audit command language (ACL), a commercially available CAAT. They found that while participants perceived the potential benefits associated with ACL, they displayed a lower confidence in their technical abilities to use ACL (Braun and Davis 2003). Debreceny et al (2005) interviewed bank internal auditors are external auditors in Singapore. They note that internal auditors tend to use CAATS for special investigations rather than as a foundation for their regular audit work. Furthermore, external auditors did not adopt CAATS citing its inapplicability to the nature of testing the financial statement assertions or the extent or quality of computerized internal controls.

Liang et al (2001) noted that auditors do not frequently and systematically adopt CAATS in practice and proposed a new electronic audit approach. Sheikh (2005) suggested a new CAAT based on the electronic auditing from work that includes most feature of existing generalized audit software but can be designed and deployed independently from the auditor’s EDP system. Finally, Zhao et al (2004) describes how CAATS must exist in order to conduct continuous auditing.

1.3   Research Questions

The following research questions will help in the study under review;

  1. Is there a significant relationship between computer assisted audit techniques (CAATS) and audit practice in Nigeria?
  2. Does a significant relationship exist between computer assisted audit techniques (CAATS) and effective financial reporting in an organization?

1.4   Objectives of the Study

“When a man does not know what harbor he is making for, no wind is the right wind”. These words is attributed to first century Roman philosophers Lucius Anneals Seneca, bear out a long recognized truth, for life (business) to have direction. Goals are essential when the following objectives of the study came to mind in the choice of the topic.

  1. To determine whether there is a significant relationship between CAAT and audit practice.
  2. To determine if there is a significant relationship between CAATS and effective financial reporting in an organization.
  • To determine how far company law in Nigeria has ensured Information auditors.
  1. To determine whether the audit committees served to play ensure auditor’s C.A.A.T is effectively used in the practice work.

1.5   Statement of Hypotheses

Hypothesis One

HO:   There is no significant relationship between
computer Assist Audit techniques (CAATS) and audit practice in Nigeria.

HI:    There is a significant relationship between computer assist audit techniques (CAATS) and audit practice in Nigeria.

Hypothesis Two

HO:   There is no significance relationship between computer assist audit techniques (CAATS) and effective financial reporting in an organization.

HI:    There is a significance relationship between computer assist’ audit techniques (CAATS) and effective financial reporting in an organization.

1.6   Significance of the Study

Interestingly, there has been little or no formal research on the application of CAATS in general and GAS in particular to the assurance process (Boritz 2002). This study aims is to make a first step in filling this clear gap in the research literature. The study seeks to evaluate the nature and extent of the utilization of GAS in financial institutions. These economically significant entities typically make intensive use of information systems for many business processes. Many financial institutions are of a sufficient size to warrant investment in GAS by internal or external auditors.

Financial institutions also are often subject to regulatory regimes that require monitoring of particular risks and potential malfeasance in areas such as money laundering. In particular, this study aims to establish how GAS assists internal auditors within banks and their external auditors in the process of substantive testing in the conduct of both financial statement audits as well as special audits. Second, in the event that banks do not make use of GAS to obtain audit evidence through substantive procedures, the second objective of this study is to examine the reasons for such limited usage. In addition, this study also attempts to examine the possibilities of how banks’ internal and external auditors would be able to better exploit GAS if they were given an opportunity to exploit their capabilities to the fullest.

1.7   Scope of the Study

This work is not intended to serve itself, but the generality of auditing firms and the public at large. The study is to appraise thoroughly the theoretical formation on which is acquainted with basic fact about the significance of information system security auditing in Nigeria business environment.

 1.8  Limitations of the Study

The scope of this study is limited to the survey of some selected auditing firms in Benin City. This study would have been more relevant if data could be gathered from all existing auditing firms in Nigeria. However we are constrained by limited resources in terms of finance and time. Other factor includes delay in response to questionnaires to be administered.

1.9   Definition of Terms

Information Technology Audit: An information technology audit or information systems auditing is an examination of the management controls within an information technology (IT) infrastructure. The evaluation of obtained evidence determines if the information technology or system are safeguarding assets, maintaining data integrity and operating effectively to achieve the organization’s goals or objectives. These reviews may be performed in conjunction with a financial statement audit, internal audit, or other form of attestation engagement. (Gawde, 2004).

Audit Personnel: According to Webster Dictionary, it is an annual personnel administration inventory which is an analysis and measurement of a company’s personnel policies and practices to determine their effectiveness.

Security Risk: A measure of the extent to which an entity is threatened by potential circumstance or event and typically a function of (1) the adverse impact that would arise if the circumstance or event occurs, and (2) the likelihood of occurrence. Note information system- related security risk are those risk that arise from the loss of confidentiality, or availability of information or information systems and reflect the potential adverse impacts to organizational operations (including mission, functions, image, or reputation) organizations assets individuals other organizations, and the Nation (Larnpson, 2000).

PROJECT TOPIC- AUDITOR’S PERCEPTION OF THE USEFULNESS OF COMPUTER ASSISTED AUDIT TECHNIQUES

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THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO EFFECT SERVICE DELIVERY BY BANKS IN NIGERIA

 

 

 Abstract

This research was carried out to examine the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria through the use of (ICT). There have been series of assumption that the use of information and communication technology has greatly enhanced the output of the banking sector in Nigeria. It is in a bid to confirm these assumptions that the researcher carried out this study. Questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data from respondents with a sample size of one hundred staffs from Zenith bank in Nigeria; information was also sought from textbooks and journals. Based on the analysis of data, it was revealed that the use of information and communication technology has really enhanced the effective service delivery in the banking sector. It was also revealed that training of bank workers on the usage of information and communication technology increased the prospects of workers. Therefore workers should be trained in the cause of information and communication technology equipment. Finally, it was recommended that the banking sector in Nigeria should procure information and communication technology to enhance workers performance and efficient delivery of services.

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

\

Background of the Study

Information and communication technology (ICT) is an instruction technology to enhance the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria; it is the application of organized or scientific knowledge to practical tasks of using the system. According to Akinola and Aremu, (2000) instructional technologies incorporate the tools and making present support to reinforce the usage of this system. Technology in this respect involves broad based technology including it methods, management and it applications, that support the creation, storage, manipulation and communication of information on Zenith bank employees. An information and communication technology (ICT) tool includes the following.

  1. Computer i.e. keyboard
  2. Audio visual i.e. Television, video, games, telephone, radio cassette.

iii.    Internet printed materials i.e. pictures, chats, all these tools plays a vital and control role on information and communication technology (ICT) on Zenith Bank employees.

Meyer (1997) sees information and communication technology (ICT) as “the hardware, software, telecommunication technology, human skills and intellectual content that enable the study, design, development, implementation, support, management or use of intellectual expressions. This includes data, knowledge and languages in all digital, print, audio and visual formats.

Conclusively UNESCO (2000) states that information and communication technology (ICT) Can simply be defined as the “Scientific” technology and engineering disciplines and management techniques used in information handling and processing. The emergence of information technology deeply relates with the information and technology (ICT), this technology in banks otherwise known as electronic banking (E-Banking), started in the late sixties when electronic banking stormed the British banking scene. Nigeria stated the long tortuous journey in November 1990 when societal General Bank launched her automated teller machine (ATM). The need for efficiency in productivity increased profit and good banking practices are some of the major factors that led to the emergence of information and communication technology (ICT).

Apart from helping to increase the effectiveness of banking practice in terms of job interest, job challenges and expanding its nature, it has also revolutionized business organization in the areas of data processing and information processing.

Based on the advent of information and communication technology in business organization and in the Zenith Banking system, the researcher intends to look at the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria, through the use of information and communication technology (ICT).\

 

 

THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO EFFECT SERVICE DELIVERY BY BANKS IN NIGERIA

 

 

 

1.2   Statement of Problem

There are numerous and enormous benefits attached to information and communication technology (ICT), Such as accurate maintenance of customer’s account, fast accessing of customers account balance fast and accurate computation of bank changes, enhanced communication and above all the elimination of long queues in the banking hall, Banking from home through the use of internets and telephone reduce the storage space, therefore few people use the bank thereby reducing employees and staff of the bank. Unfortunately evidence has shown that the Nigeria E-banking services remain highly inconvenient to customers. Then what is the problem of our computerized banks. Are the personnel congestion often seen at bank counters, where does the problem lies in our computerized banking service? It is in this light that researchers wish to find out the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria through the use of information and communication technology (ICT).

 

THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO EFFECT SERVICE DELIVERY BY BANKS IN NIGERIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EZZA-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

 

Abstract

The study sought to ascertain the problems associated with the use of Information Communication Technology on the teaching and learning of economics education in Ezza North Local Government Area. The population of the study comprised 352 respondents and a sample of 135 respondents was used for the study. The study adopted survey method and three four questions were formulated to guide the study. A four point likert structured questionnaire was used to collect data, while Mean and standard deviation were used in the data analysis. The result of the findings showed that the perception of teachers towards technology and teachers’ preparedness to integrate ICT into teaching affects the use of ICT in teaching and learning of economics. Also, the study revealed that inadequate electricity supply hinders the use of ICT software in teaching and learning economics and affects the utilization of e-library. It equally showed that ICT inclusion in teaching and learning of economics encourages individualized learning and makes learning process more concrete. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made among others; that ICT facilities such as laptops/personal computers should be made compulsory criteria for entry into Nigeria schools, especially in tertiary institutions, In-service courses, seminar, and workshops should be organized at least annually, to up-grade the knowledge, skills and competencies of economics teachers in secondary school and institutions of higher learning especially in Ezza North L.G.A and Government and school administrators should make adequate provision of functional ICT teaching and learning resources in secondary school and institutions of higher learning especially in Ezza North LGA and Ebonyi State University.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Information communication technology (ICT) has no doubt changed the face of teaching and learning globally. Serious nations are taking the advantages inherent in ICT to impact on the educational sector. Though Nigeria is also making efforts to join the ICT fray, these efforts appear to be ineffective. Computer laboratories are largely non-existent in many public schools across the country. And where they exist, they are nothing to cheer. Due to this general neglect and other factors, comprising corruption, outdated curriculum, ill-motivated teachers, materialism and academic laziness on the part of students and Teachers, the nation has been experiencing mass failure in her public examinations (Torruam and Abur, 2013). In addition, there is universal recognition of the need to use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education as we enter the era of globalization where the free flow of information via satellite and the internet hold sway in global information dissemination of knowledge (Aduwa-Ogiegbaen and Iyamu, 2005).

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays a vital role in the development of any nation. It has been an instrument for achieving social, economic, educational, scientific and technological development (Adedeji, 2010; Fabunmi, 2012). ICT is an electronic based system of information transmission, reception, processing and retrieval, which has drastically changed the way we think, the way we live and the environment in which we live (Torruam and Abur, 2013).

It has been discovered in recent years that ICT is being canvassed by several people as being effective in improving teaching and learning. In the present information age, the issue of students’ use of ICT is of crucial importance. This is so because the use of ICT by students would enhance competence and confidence in them (Fabunmi, 2012). ICT has greatly influenced the educational sector especially on teaching, learning and research. The application of Information Communication Technology (ICT) is not only emphasized in corporative business and the industrial sector, but it is an essential part of education at all levels (Allen, 2011; Fabunmi, 2012). ICT, including computers, is generally believed to foster cooperative learning, provide more information and, through simulation, make complex learning experiences easier to understand (Fabunmi, 2012).

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) encompasses the effective use of equipment and programs to access, retrieve, convert, store, organize, manipulate and present data and information (Gay and Blads, 2005; Fabunmi, 2012). E-learning, which is described as the use of ICT to enhance or support learning and teaching in education, has become increasingly important in tertiary education (Adedeji, 2010; Fabunmi, 2012). Students who use ICTs gain deeper understanding of complex topics and concepts and are more likely to recall information and use it to solve problems outside the classroom (Apple Computer, 2002; Torruam and Abur, 2013). In addition, through ICT, students extend and deepentheirknowledge, investigation, and inquiry according to their needs and interest when access to information is available on multiple levels (CEO Forum on Education and Technology, 2001; Torruam and Abur, 2013).

In every country, economics studies is an important part of education because it enables students to understand their roles in their economic system, as consumers, citizens and future employees or employers, it also prepares and encourages students to be prudent and effective in the management of scarce resources and enable them to acquire knowledge for the practical solution of the economic problems of the society (Tebabal and Kahssay, 2011). Economics as a subject has its technicality and requires students to understand some of these. In addition to this, many of the concepts of Economics are presented in mathematical context and require a good command of algebra, which is a branch of mathematics that is concerned with operations on sets of numbers or other elements that are often represented by symbols. To this end, many students have phobia for figures which affect their learning outcome in Economics (Afe, 2001).

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EZZA-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

Furthermore, information and communication technology resources are educational inputs and are of vital importance to the teaching of economics and other subjects in the school curriculum (Allen, 2011). The uses of ICT an instructional resource make discovered facts glued firmly to the memory of students and enhance the learning outcome of students. It should be noted here that in teaching subjects like economics, a well-planned and imaginative use of visual aids in taught lessons should do much to prevent apathy, and supplements the inadequacy of books as well as arouse students’ interest by giving them something practical that help them to see and do, and at the same time be able to think rationally.

CEO Forum on Education and Technology (2001) ICT-driven instructional facilities that aides to facilitate teaching and learning of subjects like economics is not always the issue but how to use it and it availability to use. A lot of problems are confronting the use of ICT-driven instructional aids in Nigerian secondary schools some of the revealing in the foregoing includes: teachers’ professional knowledge and technical know-how, lack of computers, lack of stable electricity supply, computers are still expensive in Nigeria, broken down computers, burglary, lack of internet or slow connectivity, increased moral degradation, environmental factors, time constraints and poor maintenance culture (Torruam and Abur, 2013).

Statement of the Problem

Abstract learning has often posed much difficulty to learners. Information and communication technology (ICT) is a platform for any nation’s growth and development in a rapidly changing and competitive environment. However, education in Nigeria cannot be relevant without effective preparation of new generation students to effectively use the new information and communication technologies in their professional lives. There is also a universal recognition of the need to use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education as globalization sweeps across the globe where the free flow of information through satellite and the internet hold sway in global information dissemination of knowledge.

Today, despite efforts of government and private sectors in the education system, a lot of problems are still confronting the use of ICT-driven instructional aids in Nigerian schools. Most of these problems includes: teachers’ professional knowledge and technical know-how, high cost of ICT instructional facilities in Nigeria, poor electricity supply, poor access to internet among others. It is upon these backdrops that this study sought to determine the problems associated with the use of information and communication technology on the teaching and learning of economics education in secondary schools in Ezza-North Local Government Areas of Ebonyi State.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study is to determine the problems associated with the use of information and communication technology on the teaching and learning of economic education in secondary schools in Ezza-North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Ascertain if teachers’ knowledge affects the use of ICT in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A. of Ebonyi State.
  2. Ascertain if electricity supply affects the use of ICT facilities in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A of Ebonyi State.
  • Determine if school management affect the use of ICT facilities in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A of Ebonyi State.
  1. Determine the impact of ICT facilities use in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A of Ebonyi State

Research Questions

        The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. How does teachers knowledge affects the use of ICT in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A. of Ebonyi State?
  2. How does electricity supply affects the use of ICT facilities in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A of Ebonyi State?
  • How does school management affect the use of ICT facilities in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A of Ebonyi State?
  1. What are the impact of ICT facilities use in teaching and learning of economics in secondary schools in Ezza-North L.G.A of Ebonyi State?

Significance of the Study

PROJECT TOPIC- PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EZZA-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

 

INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH IN FIRST BANK PLC EKWULOBIA IN ANAMBRA STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH IN FIRST BANK PLC EKWULOBIA IN ANAMBRA STATE

ABSTRACT

The topic Impact on the information and communication Technology as a tool for Organization growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State. Before the advent of technology, the tasks in most organizations have been performed manually. And this involves the use of excessive human labour to perform them. The advents of the technologies are believed to give added impetus to organizational productivity. Specifically the study will identify the information and communication technology as a tool for Organizational Growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State. Three purpose of the study and three research questions were used for this research work related literature were reviewed and the simple percentage formula was used for data analysis. The population of the study consisted of 48 staff of First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State. A total number of 48 questionnaire was distributed to the respondents out of which were retrieved.. This research topic had been an interesting one various barriers were identified and possible remedies where suggested. Effective communication is very important and vital, It is seen from the research work that provision for adequate training also enhances effective communication. This study was carried out because of the belief that information and communication technology, which is a new business initiative and innovation, will help important marketing growth. Banks and other service organization should adopt resources/skill development policies with an emphasis of ICT training. Management should discourage any like hood that could bring about barrier to effective communication.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of The Study

The world has become a global village and as such communication has become so fast efficient that one can communicate across the globe in a matter of seconds. This development in the communication industry, has made possible by the advent of computer, information and communication technology. Technology in the 21st century is dominated. Today’s technological advances are faster and more fundamental, with their cost decreasing rapidly.

It covers all forms of computer and communications equipment and software used to create, design, store, transmit, interpret and manipulate information in its various formats. Personal computers, laptops, television and network technologies are just some examples of the diverse array of ICT tools. Information and communication technology is a general term that describes the process of creating, modifying, storage, transmission of information, between humans and machines alike globally, using several different electronic technologies to achieve an outcome.

Organizations use information technology heavily to automate their work, making it easier and quicker to achieve their goals. Every business organization always wishes to attain a target profit a success. The attainment of the success depends largely on the adoption and management of information and communication technology in the marketing of goods and services.

Modern day business literally abounds in several examples of organization and individual in different part of the world who made fortunes by seizing opportunities engendered by technological changes. Less sighted organization operation on the same technological environment lost their fortune and in some a result of their inability to anticipate and adopt strategies that would match change brought about by technology.

As a  result of opportunities created by technological changes, information and communication technology in particular, forward looking organization such as banking industry have adopted different marketing strategies aimed at achieving organization objectives. Business operates in a world of technologies and gulping changes which create new problems, risks and opportunities which they mobilize resources to meet such changes and tap the opportunities presented for the overall success of the organization objectives, marketing strategy which will enable the business to continually adopt its operation to the realities of the market and consumers satisfaction in particulars, which is the corner stone of organizational growth.

  1. Inadequate information flow in organization also affects organizational growth.
  2. A change in technology in banking industry also affects organizational productivity because the employers and employee need special training on the job.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH IN FIRST BANK PLC EKWULOBIA IN ANAMBRA STATE

    • Statement of the Study

Before the advent of technology, the tasks in most organizations have been performed manually. This involves the use of excessive human labour to perform them. The problem here was not whether these organizations achieved their goals with a specific period. The essences of these organizations to make profit for the owners within a period of time the adverts of the technologies are believed to give added impetus to organizational productivity. The question is whether the introduction of ICT to most organization has added significantly to the overall growth of these organizations. Specifically the study will identify the introduction of Information and Communication Technology as a tool for Organizational Growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State.

  • Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to identify Information and Communication Technology as tool for Organizational Growth in First Bank plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State specifically the study will;

  1. Identify the place of ICT in the overall growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State.
  2. Identify the shortcomings of ICT as a tool for organizational growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State.
  3. Identify the use of ICT as a tool for Organizational Growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State.
    • Research Question

The following research questions have been asked as a guideline to the study;

  1. What are the places of ICT in the overall growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State.?
  2. What are the shortcomings of ICT as a tool for Organizational Growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State?
  3. What are the uses of ICT as a tool for Organizational Growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State?
    • Significance of the Study
  4. The study will be beneficial to First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State as a means of companion between what is used to be before ICT in foundation and now.
  5. It will also help First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State workers to embrace the new technology by way of further training.
  6. First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State will benefit through quick and accurate job performance through the introduction.
    • Scope of the Study

This study is delimited to information and communication technology as a tool for organizational Growth in First Bank Plc Ekwulobia in Anambra State.

  • Definition of Terms
  1. Bank: A financial establishment that invests money deposited by customer, pays it out when required, makes loans at interest and exchanges currency.
  2. Technology: The application of scientific knowledge for practical purpose, especially in industries.
  3. Organization: A social unit of people that structures and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals especially in society or association.
  4. Information: Knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstances or knowledge gained through study, communication, research and instructions e.t.c.

Communication: The impacting or interchange of thoughts, opinions or information by speech, writing or signs.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY AS A TOOL FOR ORGANIZATIONAL GROWTH IN FIRST BANK PLC EKWULOBIA IN ANAMBRA STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- EXTENT OF USE OF COMPUTER LABORATORY IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Abstract

This research investigated the extent of use of computer laboratory in the teaching and learning of computer studies in Junior Secondary Schools in Ezza North Local Government Area. The aim  of this study was to determine   extent of use of computer laboratory in teaching and learning of computer laboratory in junior secondary school class two student, For the study, five research questions  where formulated.  Survey research design.    was  use Simple random sampling was adopted in choosing eight junior secondary school students out of which, 100 junior secondary school where selected from the sampled school,  Based on the findings four point likert rating scale was used to analyze the result. It was discovered that students in Ezza North Local Government area of Ebonyi state lack teaching aids (computer laboratory and its related facilities). Lack of dedication to the study by the teachers is also discovered in the research work on the basis of facts and figure obtained from the conclusion drawn,  The researcher recommended that facilities should be provided in schools for easy computer teaching and learning and the conclusion is drawn.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the Study

Every society, whether simple in terms of it’s infrastructural cultural and ethnic diversity or complex with regard to it’s technological advancement and quest for modernization has a system of education. This advancement brought about computer education. Computer have touched every part of our lives, the way we work, the way we learn, the way we lives, even the way we play. It almost is impossible to go through a single say without encountering a computer, a device dependent on a computer, information produced by a computer or a word that was introduced or whose meaning has changed with the advent of computers. Because of the significance of computers in today’s world, it is important to be a computer literate. Being computer literate means that you have knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses. Secondly, computer studies as a newly introduced subject in the school curriculum. This study revealed how computer as an electronic device will be used to make teaching and learning more interactive. Computer is an electronic device which accepts data in a prescribed form process the data and produced the result as an output.

Umeh (2004:5) define computer as a “kind of electronic machines that assists mankind to solve different types of problems. He further stressed that computer is an electronic device that is capable of accounting data, processing data, and displaying the result..

Ezeali (2005:1), define computer as “an electro-mechanical devices used to aid calculations with little mental and manual effort. He explained that computer is an electronic device or a machine that is capable of performing calculations and other manipulation data. Computer can further be define as “an electronic machine capable of carrying out services of arithemetic and logical operations with a well structured instructions. It is a machine capable of presenting information to it’s users when programmed for this purpose.

  • To expose the students to the basic rudiment of computer and its workings.
  • To lay solid foundation in computer science at easy stage of education exposure.
  • To encourage and stimulate the interest of student towards computer science.
  • To create a way for easy application of computer knowledge in other disciplines.
  • To encourage literacy in computer sciences at secondary school level.
  • To meet the demands of our time, to keep up with the changing strides in technological development.

In the light of the above, in order to achieve all these aforementioned objective, there is need for proper and adequate provision or establishment and use of computer laboratory in secondary schools, to enhance teaching and learning of computer studies.

Furthermore, recent publication by educationist and related associations advocate for a more meaningful use of a computer technology in schools. This suggests integrating the computer skills into the content areas that should not be taught in isolation as separate “computer classes” as this do not really help student learn to apply computer skills in a meaningful ways.

Ezeorah (2008) stated that computer laboratories are important factors to all purpose machines. The roles of computer laboratory is a very crucial research work, which required carefulness in order to use computer  laboratory in teaching and learning of computer education and teachers.

Uduosoro U.J (2006) stated that effectives learning take place when science is taught through the medium of practical work.

According to Oroke (2013) computer laboratory is a room which contain many networked computer for public use. He further stressed that computer laboratory environment is intended to:

  • Build students skills and enjoyment of crucial thinking, problems solving and their ability to handle unfamiliar situations.
  • Enhance students technical language skills with emphasis on interpreting and writing.
  • Encourage positive attitude towards technology and promote flexibility, in students responses to technological change.
  • Provides opportunities for students to make creative use of computer for course related research and study purposes.

Davis and Shede (2005), Federico (2007), Watson (2008), argue setting in superior to computer laboratory in promoting and integrated curriculum and maximizing the benefit of computer usage to improve learning. Davis and Shade (2005) inter that the use of computer directly in a classroom will maximize the availability of usage. They further argues that “in computer laboratory, student have access to about 1/50th of computers in school, far from the crucial level needed for this technology to have a major impact on education practices or learning experience of children.

Watson (2006) observes that computer in classroom are more “easily managed resources”. As a result computers are more accessible to students during instruction and promote more interactive kind of teaching. Federico (2007), pointed out the need for computer laboratories as follows:

  1. Increase time in using computer for various developments of skills.
  2. Supporting student who may benefit from more individualized help.
  3. As a way to decrease school truancy.

Therefore, the use of computer laboratories in teaching and learning of computer studies, play a vital roles in increasing students skills in research and inquires. It encourages and stimulate interest in learning of computers. It improve their performances in computer studies etc.

Therefore, for effective teaching and learning to be achieved, there is need for proper use of computer laboratories and facilities. The extent of use of computer laboratory in the teaching and learning of computer studies in Junior secondary school.

PROJECT TOPIC- EXTENT OF USE OF COMPUTER LABORATORY IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

  • Statement of the Problem

Over the years, efforts have been made to provide computers to Junior secondary schools, workshops and seminars has been organized to train teachers in order to improve their skills and knowledge of computing and computer application to better the production competency and efficiency in the course of their lessons delivery, but these could not go down without some problems. Thus; the problem of Junior secondary schools education today ranges from low level of “computer literacy among staff and students” “inadequate computers for practical lessons” “lack of power supply in schools where there are computer laboratories and in some rural area unsteady electrical power supply. Also in issue of inadequate trained staff/technicians for the enhancement of computer training and teaching, students will past out with little or no knowledge of computer studies. Therefore, the problem of study is how to determine the extent of use of computer laboratory in teaching and learning of computer studies in Junior secondary schools in Ezza North Local Government Area.

Purpose of the Study

The main   purpose of this study is to find out the extent of use of computer laboratories in teaching and learning of computer studies in Junior secondary schools;

Specifically, the study ought to find out:

  1. If the secondary schools in Ezza North Local Government Area have computer laboratories and other related facilities.
  2. If there are adequate computer laboratory facilities, that will improve the understanding of computer studies.
  3. The availability of a qualified teacher in junior secondary schools.
  4. If government can provide the needed laboratory facilities in junior secondary schools.
  5. Do principals organize seminars/workshop for computer teachers and students in order to improve their skills and knowledge in computer studies?
  6. Significance of the Study

this study would be of a this study great sea to the  following group of person:

The student, classroom teaches,  parents, and  government.

To the student; the result of the finding will  provide  with the students some basic skills acquired  from the use of computer laboratory in the teaching and learning  of computer  science in which  these skill    would  be applied in other fields of human  endeavors. also, the (students  )  would get enough  computer knowledge as they learn computer by doing.

To the  class room teacher, the study would help them to inculcate in every child the real knowledge  of computer using the practical approach which will make them happy when they see a credible  performance of their students as a result of their handwork. teachers will also see the need to use computer laboratories in their day to day lesson delivery  in other to achieve a predefined  learning  outcomes.

parents and sponsors  frown at the poor  performance of their children in any subject which computer science is one  of them. the result of  these   study   would put smile on the parents  faces as they will see  you children doing well in computer studies and such, achievement  would be enhanced. they will desire joy and be ready to  sponsor their children in the field of  computer science in tertiary  institution in time  to come.

To  the government, the result of this study would help to find out those schools that Lack computer laboratory and teachers for immediate provision. in this way the aim  and objective of the government In   introducing  the subject would  be achieved.

  • Scope of the Study

The study is delimited on the extent of use of computer laboratory in teaching and learning of computer studies in the public Junior secondary schools in Ezza North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

  • Research Question

The following research questions were formulated to guide this study:

  1. What is the extent of computer laboratories in the schools in Ezza North Local Government Area?
  2. What type of computer system accessories do you have in your school laboratories?
  3. What is the level of availability of computer system by the students and teachers in your schools?
  4. What are the usage of computer system by student and teachers in your school?
  5. if principals can organized seminars for computer teachers and students in order to improve their skills and knowledge in computer studies.

Does government sees the provision of the needed laboratory facilities as their priority?

PROJECT TOPIC- EXTENT OF USE OF COMPUTER LABORATORY IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS