PROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

ABSTRACT

This project focuses on “the Impact of Information and Communication Technology and the Efficiency of Management Information in Public Enterprise, using Nigeria National Petroleum (NNPC), Warri, as a case study. In carrying out the study, research questions is formulated from the statement of the problems. The researcher examined the uses of the information and communication technology in carrying out office functions, its contribution to the efficient management of information in the organization and a comparison between the productivity of workers in a computerized environment and those using manual system of information processing.

The study revealed that information and communication technologies have been of tremendous assistance to the organization. Based on careful analysis of the data collected, the following recommendations are made. Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) should organize training programmes on continuous basis for staff to increase their skills and efficiency on the job. Also, machines and equipments should be upgraded to meet production targets and there should be establishment of information and communication technology. 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Communication and information management occupy the central place in every organization. There is virtually no office where one form of communication or the other does not exist. Communication has greatly assisted in the growth of business as well as in the control of activities of the organization. The rapidity with which the world is changing as we all know today is no more news. The heart of these changes is the various forms of computer based information communication technologies that abound.

According to Odgers (2002), Information Technology (IT) is the study, designed, development, implementation, support and management of computer-based information system particularly software applications and computer hardware. It could also be describe as technology that combines computing with telecommunication and networking to produce unable information. It is the engine that growth and development in the organization is tied. It points and indicates the pace of events, fashioning the way we live, work and conduct business.

Innovation in information and technology is a welcome development both in business and in the public sector. Communication is essential to the organized effort involved in business. Communication enables human beings to work together in an organization, it is the vehicle through which management perform its basic functions. Managers direct through communication, coordinate through communication and staff, plan, control through communication.

This research work examined the concept of information and communication technology in the efficient management of information.

It studies the application of information and communication technology in business organizations; this is how people use information and communication technology to store information regarding payrolls, control inventory, analysis of sales and manages laboratory data.

There has never been a greater need for efficiency in management of information than there is today. The need for efficiency, speed and accuracy in management work has necessitated the application of modern technology information management.

Prior to the advent of information and communication technology, most management work was done manually, slowing the pace of work, leading to inefficiency and ineffectiveness. This result was low productivity. To eliminate these negative effects, science and technology has played a great role of improving the methods and machines used in offices. A lot of development has taken place in the last decade with regards to the use of modern offices machines of which the information and communication technology is one of them.

The larger an organization, the more likely it is to be heavily dependent on the information and communication technology. The filling retrieval of information is carried out with ease by giving appropriate commands to the computer to either display such information on the screen (Visual Display Unit) or print the information on paper with the printer attached to the computer.

The use of information and communication technology also ensure security of information as only authorized personnel will have access to such information with the use of a password.

The researcher intended ascertain the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the management of information in business organization with particular reference to Nigeria National Petroleum Corporations, (NNPC) Warri

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

People hardly believe that there is a need to acquire information and communication technology because of the cost involved. Information and communication technology are very expensive so also the cost of operating and maintaining them.

Meanwhile, the state of information management before the introduction of computer was very poor in the sense that most work was done manually.

However, some workers feel threatened by the information, introduction and communication technology. They feel that their jobs will be taken over by the use of information and communication or that their jobs will be mere bottom pushers. They think they will lack personal touch in their jobs, so a feeling of insecurity prevails. It is against this background that the research is been carried out.

PROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

  • RESEARCH QUESTION

In order to conduct a more reliable and guided investigation into the impact of information and communication a business organization, the following are research questions asked.

  1. Are information and communication technology really necessary in a business organization?
  2. Will management of information be better handled by employing experts?
  3. Do information and communication technology necessarily guarantee greater efficiency in an organization?
  4. Do information and communication technology actually take away people’s jobs?
    • RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Null Hypotheses

Ho:  There is no significance relationship between information communication technology and business organization.

Ho:  There is no significant relationship between information communication technology by employing experts.

Ho:  There is no significant relationship between information communication technology and greater efficiency in an organization.

 

 

PROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

Alternative Hypotheses

Hi:   There is significance relationship between information communication technology and business organization.

Hi:   There is significant relationship between information communication technology by employing experts.

Hi:   There is significant relationship between information communication technology and greater efficiency in an organization.

  • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The study focus on the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on the efficient management of information in public enterprise like Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Warri, and to find out whether it is necessary for the organization to computerize its operations also, to see how much roles it has played in the enhancement of the information management.

 

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research work is limited to the impact of information and communication technology on the efficient management of information using NNPC Warri, Delta State as a case study.

Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, Warri is a typical organization where set of data such as Quantity and type of products available in its depots and their distribution nationwide are computerized. It has other administration data that are processed with high speed and precision, for clients who are major and independents oil marketers. 

  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study is to enlighten the management of the usefulness of information and communication technology, application in an organization and to know how computerization of workers payroll quickens the processing of management request in the organization. Also with the application of computer to be able to provide a reasonable storage

ROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

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THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

 

ABSTRACT

This project focuses on “the Impact of Information and Communication Technology and the Efficiency of Management Information in Public Enterprise, using Nigeria National Petroleum (NNPC), Warri, as a case study. In carrying out the study, research questions is formulated from the statement of the problems. The researcher examined the uses of the information and communication technology in carrying out office functions, its contribution to the efficient management of information in the organization and a comparison between the productivity of workers in a computerized environment and those using manual system of information processing.

The study revealed that information and communication technologies have been of tremendous assistance to the organization. Based on careful analysis of the data collected, the following recommendations are made. Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) should organize training programmes on continuous basis for staff to increase their skills and efficiency on the job. Also, machines and equipments should be upgraded to meet production targets and there should be establishment of information and communication technology.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Communication and information management occupy the central place in every organization. There is virtually no office where one form of communication or the other does not exist. Communication has greatly assisted in the growth of business as well as in the control of activities of the organization. The rapidity with which the world is changing as we all know today is no more news. The heart of these changes is the various forms of computer based information communication technologies that abound.

According to Odgers (2002), Information Technology (IT) is the study, designed, development, implementation, support and management of computer-based information system particularly software applications and computer hardware. It could also be describe as technology that combines computing with telecommunication and networking to produce unable information. It is the engine that growth and development in the organization is tied. It points and indicates the pace of events, fashioning the way we live, work and conduct business.

Innovation in information and technology is a welcome development both in business and in the public sector. Communication is essential to the organized effort involved in business. Communication enables human beings to work together in an organization, it is the vehicle through which management perform its basic functions. Managers direct through communication, coordinate through communication and staff, plan, control through communication.

This research work examined the concept of information and communication technology in the efficient management of information.

It studies the application of information and communication technology in business organizations; this is how people use information and communication technology to store information regarding payrolls, control inventory, analysis of sales and manages laboratory data.

There has never been a greater need for efficiency in management of information than there is today. The need for efficiency, speed and accuracy in management work has necessitated the application of modern technology information management.

Prior to the advent of information and communication technology, most management work was done manually, slowing the pace of work, leading to inefficiency and ineffectiveness. This result was low productivity. To eliminate these negative effects, science and technology has played a great role of improving the methods and machines used in offices. A lot of development has taken place in the last decade with regards to the use of modern offices machines of which the information and communication technology is one of them.

The larger an organization, the more likely it is to be heavily dependent on the information and communication technology. The filling retrieval of information is carried out with ease by giving appropriate commands to the computer to either display such information on the screen (Visual Display Unit) or print the information on paper with the printer attached to the computer.

The use of information and communication technology also ensure security of information as only authorized personnel will have access to such information with the use of a password.

The researcher intended ascertain the impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the management of information in business organization with particular reference to Nigeria National Petroleum Corporations, (NNPC) Warri.

 

THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

 

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

People hardly believe that there is a need to acquire information and communication technology because of the cost involved. Information and communication technology are very expensive so also the cost of operating and maintaining them.

Meanwhile, the state of information management before the introduction of computer was very poor in the sense that most work was done manually.

However, some workers feel threatened by the information, introduction and communication technology. They feel that their jobs will be taken over by the use of information and communication or that their jobs will be mere bottom pushers. They think they will lack personal touch in their jobs, so a feeling of insecurity prevails. It is against this background that the research is been carried out.

 

THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE EFFICIENT MANAGEMENT IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISE

 

THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO EFFECT SERVICE DELIVERY BY BANKS IN NIGERIA

 

 

 Abstract

This research was carried out to examine the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria through the use of (ICT). There have been series of assumption that the use of information and communication technology has greatly enhanced the output of the banking sector in Nigeria. It is in a bid to confirm these assumptions that the researcher carried out this study. Questionnaire was the instrument used to collect data from respondents with a sample size of one hundred staffs from Zenith bank in Nigeria; information was also sought from textbooks and journals. Based on the analysis of data, it was revealed that the use of information and communication technology has really enhanced the effective service delivery in the banking sector. It was also revealed that training of bank workers on the usage of information and communication technology increased the prospects of workers. Therefore workers should be trained in the cause of information and communication technology equipment. Finally, it was recommended that the banking sector in Nigeria should procure information and communication technology to enhance workers performance and efficient delivery of services.

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

\

Background of the Study

Information and communication technology (ICT) is an instruction technology to enhance the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria; it is the application of organized or scientific knowledge to practical tasks of using the system. According to Akinola and Aremu, (2000) instructional technologies incorporate the tools and making present support to reinforce the usage of this system. Technology in this respect involves broad based technology including it methods, management and it applications, that support the creation, storage, manipulation and communication of information on Zenith bank employees. An information and communication technology (ICT) tool includes the following.

  1. Computer i.e. keyboard
  2. Audio visual i.e. Television, video, games, telephone, radio cassette.

iii.    Internet printed materials i.e. pictures, chats, all these tools plays a vital and control role on information and communication technology (ICT) on Zenith Bank employees.

Meyer (1997) sees information and communication technology (ICT) as “the hardware, software, telecommunication technology, human skills and intellectual content that enable the study, design, development, implementation, support, management or use of intellectual expressions. This includes data, knowledge and languages in all digital, print, audio and visual formats.

Conclusively UNESCO (2000) states that information and communication technology (ICT) Can simply be defined as the “Scientific” technology and engineering disciplines and management techniques used in information handling and processing. The emergence of information technology deeply relates with the information and technology (ICT), this technology in banks otherwise known as electronic banking (E-Banking), started in the late sixties when electronic banking stormed the British banking scene. Nigeria stated the long tortuous journey in November 1990 when societal General Bank launched her automated teller machine (ATM). The need for efficiency in productivity increased profit and good banking practices are some of the major factors that led to the emergence of information and communication technology (ICT).

Apart from helping to increase the effectiveness of banking practice in terms of job interest, job challenges and expanding its nature, it has also revolutionized business organization in the areas of data processing and information processing.

Based on the advent of information and communication technology in business organization and in the Zenith Banking system, the researcher intends to look at the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria, through the use of information and communication technology (ICT).\

 

 

THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO EFFECT SERVICE DELIVERY BY BANKS IN NIGERIA

 

 

 

1.2   Statement of Problem

There are numerous and enormous benefits attached to information and communication technology (ICT), Such as accurate maintenance of customer’s account, fast accessing of customers account balance fast and accurate computation of bank changes, enhanced communication and above all the elimination of long queues in the banking hall, Banking from home through the use of internets and telephone reduce the storage space, therefore few people use the bank thereby reducing employees and staff of the bank. Unfortunately evidence has shown that the Nigeria E-banking services remain highly inconvenient to customers. Then what is the problem of our computerized banks. Are the personnel congestion often seen at bank counters, where does the problem lies in our computerized banking service? It is in this light that researchers wish to find out the effective service delivery by banks in Nigeria through the use of information and communication technology (ICT).

 

THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY TO EFFECT SERVICE DELIVERY BY BANKS IN NIGERIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN EZZA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN EZZA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

ABSTRACT

This study sought to determine the influence of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities on learning of biology in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The researcher developed four research questions to guide the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 30 students from each of the eleven public secondary schools in Ezza South Local Government Area. There were 330 students that composed the sample of the study. The researcher developed a 4-point, 25-item Likert type questionnaire called Biology Questionnaire Instrument (BQI). BQI was subjected to both validity and reliability tests, for which an internal consistency of 0.95 was obtained. Mean and standard deviation were used for answering the research questions. The grand mean for each of the ICT facilities was used as yardstick for ascertaining its influence on learning of biology.  Findings from the result revealed that ICT facilities such as projectors, internet facilities, computers and audio-visual materials have a high influence on learning of biology in secondary schools. The researcher recommended that biology teachers should endeavor to employ ICT facilities as ICT facilities for biology instruction. In conclusion, ICT facilities as instructional materials for biology instruction are essential since they help the biology teacher and learners avoid overemphasis on recitation and rote learning that can easily dominate a lesson, therefore, there is need for biology teachers and students to pay more attention to the adoption of ICT facilities for learning of biology in secondary schools so as to enhance learning.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Biology is a natural science that deals with the living world. It can also be referred to as the study of the structure, function, heredity, and evolution of all living things such as microorganisms, fungi, plants, and animals. Nwachukwu (2010) defined Biology as a branch of Science which deals with the study of living organisms both plants, animals/human being. Also Umar (2009) opined that biology deals with how the world is structured, how it functions and what these functions are, how it develops, how living things came into existence, and how they react to one another and with their environment (Gambari, Akowa, Elis % Uhgovwa, 2014).

Biology has two branches namely Botany (study of plant) and Zoology (study of animal). Biological knowledge serves as a pre-requisite in the study of medicine, nursing, agriculture and pharmacy. Biological knowledge is indispensible to scientific and technological development of any nation. Maduabum (2012) emphasized the roles of biologists in national development especially in environmental pollution control, disease control, population control/family planning, crime detection, research, agriculture, industries, teaching, application of genetic knowledge for solving plants and human/animals’ problems among others.

Biology is seen as one of the core subjects in Nigerian secondary school curriculum. Because of its importance, more students enrol for biology in Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) than for physics and chemistry (West African Examinations Council, 2011). Biology is introduced to students at senior secondary school level as a preparatory ground for human development, where career abilities are groomed, and potentials and talents discovered and energized (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 2009).

The quality and quantity of science education received by secondary school students are geared towards developing future scientists, technologists, engineers, and related professionals (Kareem, 2003). Federal Republic of Nigeria (2009) stated the objectives of Biology curriculum could imply that students should be able to acquire adequate laboratory and field skills, meaningful and relevant knowledge to everyday life, and reasonable and functional scientific attitudes such as curiosity, skepticism, honesty, dependability, objectivity, perseverance, being industrious and open-mindedness.

Aniodoh (2011) enumerated the following 12 science process skills which scientists especially Biologists should acquire namely: observation, classification, number relations, communication, prediction, inference, making operational definitions, formulating hypotheses, interpreting data, experimentation, identifying and controlling variables.

Despite the numerous roles of Biologists in nation’s science and technology development, Biology students’ achievements in public examinations like West African Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (W.S.S.C.E) and by National Examinations Council (NECO) for many years are poor (Igwe 2006). According to Ahmed (2015), in spite of the importance and popularity of biology among Nigerian students, academic performance of students at senior secondary school level has been poor.

The implication of this failure in education is that Nigerian may have shortage of manpower in science and technology related disciplines. This may affect Nigeria’s vision to become one of the 20 industrialized nations in the world by year 2020. The above recorded failure can be attributed to lack of instructional facilities especially the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) base ones in the schools.

ICT based instructional materials is very important in learning setting, this is because with the use of ICT based instructional materials, the students will be motivated in the studying of Biology.  These ICT tools could be of different forms which include; language laboratory, computers, audio and audio visual machines; websites, CD ROMS software and hardware as well as social network gargets. All these are ICT tools that aids learning. The ICT based instructional material helps to concretize abstract ideas in the minds of the students (Azubuike, 2013).

Thus Bamaju (2009) noted that ICT can be a veritable instrument for the learning technical subjects like Biology. The objective of Biology can only be achieved if the teachers can adequately make use of ICT materials. However, the use of ICT tools in learning of Biology subject will change the old method of teaching; from teacher based instruction to learner based learning where teachers facilitate learning. In order to achieve this teacher’s do not only need formal training in the use of ICT but the skill to manipulate them in teaching.

According to Nwankwo (2008) teachers must have access to professional development programmes to enable them master skills for the use of ICT in the classrooms. Presently in Ebonyi state especially in Ezza South Local Government Area the learning of Biology in various Senior secondary schools still retain the old approach with teachers in most cases, acting as the  repertoire of knowledge and the students, the dominant recipients (Azubuike, 2013).

There is over reliance on text books by the teachers. There is little or no ICT based instructional materials. No work of this nature has been carried out in learning of Biology in ICT in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebony State. In senior secondary school in Ezza South Local Government, one finds a teacher at the black board jotting down or copying the textbooks verbatim, while the students are furiously copying all that is written on the board, and are expected to memorize the facts and spit them out on the examination day. But with the use of ICT three will be a rapid growth in education.

Based on the above, Hawkin (2006), noted that one of the major setback of education the  third world countries like Nigeria is lack of ICT tools, lack of adequate computer hardware and software as well as a  reliable internet access. He also noted that with the availability of ICT tools like protectors, computer dish/modern for internet access in the schools there will be a great transformation in the educational sectors of the third world countries. It is on this note that the researcher tries to investigate if the use of ICT based instructional materials will improve student’s performance in Biology in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN EZZA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

Statement of the Problem

ICT tools have been adjudged to be a veritable instrument in learning all over the world. It has been noted that ICT is an important tool for learning and as well a road map to educational transformation the country. Unfortunately, in Senior Secondary school in Ezza South local government area of Ebonyi state, there are little or no ICT tools for learning in various classrooms. Learning method in the class rooms in this local government still adapt the old traditional method of learning where the teachers acts at repertoire of knowledge while students are busy and furiously copying what is said and are expected to vomited them verbatim during exam.

Because of this, many students fail woefully during their examinations. This is because the method of teaching adopted by teachers does not encourage educational growth in the country. It appears that tools like projectors, computer software and hardware, internet access for easy communication among students, teachers, students from other schools are lacking. All these inadequate supply of ICT tools is adversely affecting learning of Biology in Ezza South local government area of Ebonyi state.

Also in various secondary schools in Ezza South local government area of Ebonyi state, it appears that teachers are not informed on the use of the ICT materials in teaching of Biology. There seems to be no manpower to manipulate ICT machines in the area. Because of all these problems mentioned above, the researcher therefore tries to investigate the use of ICT tools in learning of Biology in Ezza South local government area of Ebonyi state. This is to find out ways of improving education in the local government in particular and the state in general.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study is to find the influence of information and communication technology in the learning of Biology in senior secondary schools in Ezza South local government area of Ebonyi state. Specifically, this work sought to;

  1. Find out the influence of Projectors in learning of Biology in Secondary in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
  2. Ascertain the influence of internet facilities in learning of Biology in Secondary in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
  3. Find the influence of computer in learning of Biology in Secondary in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
  4. Examine the influence of audio-visual materials in learning of Biology in Secondary in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Significance of the Study

The findings of the study will be helpful to the students, biology teachers, as well as the state government’s Ministry of Education.

To the students, the results of this study will enable them to appreciate the importance of ICT and strive to acquire necessary ICT knowledge and skills for their all-round development.

The teachers will benefit because it will avail them the opportunity of discovering the ICT facilities to employ for their instructions.

To the Ministry of Education, the study will be helpful to enable them know the kind of ICT materials to provide schools with.

Scope of the Study

This research centres on the influence of information and communication technology in the learning of Biology in senior secondary schools in Ezza South local government area of Ebonyi state. The subjects of the study are the teachers and the students,

Research Questions

The following research question guided the study

  1. What influence do projectors have in learning of Biology in Secondary schools?
  2. What influence do internet facilities have in learning of Biology in secondary schools?
  3. What influence do computers have in learning of Biology in secondary schools?

What influence do audio-visual materials have in learning of Biology in secondary schools?

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN EZZA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

GEOGRAPHICAL RETRIEVAL COMPUTER SYSTEM

CHAPTER ONE


INTRODUCTION


1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY


According to Chang, K. T. (2008), Geographic Information Retrieval System (GIRS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage and present all types of geographical data. The acronym GIRS is sometimes used for geographical information science or geospatial information a study which refers to the academic discipline or career of working with geographic information system. In simplest terms GIRS is the merging of cartography, statistical analysis and database technology.
A geographical information retrieval system can be thought of as a system which digitally creates and manipulates spatial areas that may be jurisdictional, purpose or application- oriented. Generally, a GIRS can be custom designed for an organization. Hence, a GIS developed for an application jurisdiction, enterprise or purpose may not be necessarily interoperable or compatible with a GIRS that has been developed for some other application, jurisdiction, enterprise or purpose. What goes beyond a GIRS is a spatial infrastructure, a concept that has no such restrictive boundaries.

In general sense, the term GIRS describes any information system that integrates, stores, edits, analyzes, shares and displays geographic information for informed decision making. GIRS applications are tools that allow users to create interactive queries (user – created searches), analyze spatial information, edit data in maps and present the result of all these operations. Geographic information science is the science underlying geographic concepts, applications and systems.
The link between geography and information technology can not to a very large extent be over- emphasized.
Using Enugu State tourism board as a case study has helped to give a comprehensive understanding of the importance and the need of a geographic information system, as it is believed, information technology has a significant role in geographic information system and high level of expectations would and is already being demanded from its use both in Nigeria and the world at large.

GEOGRAPHICAL RETRIEVAL COMPUTER SYSTEM

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 

In our daily lives as humans, most of our endeavors involve moving from one location to another for one thing or the other. A problem emerges when there is no proper direction or a system as to give accurate direction in locating our destination, what the said destination contains and what is has to offer. This is the problem the state has as concerning tourism, whereby a good number of tourists (most especially tourists visiting for the very first time) and other individuals wanting to visit tourist sites in the state but cannot do so because of the lack of a well detailed system to provide them (tourists) with an accurate geographic information system as to how to locate these sites within the state.
Due to the lack of an accurate geographic information retrieval system as far as tourism is concerned, most tourists are discouraged from exploring these tourist locations within the state, this in turn hampers the positive impact that tourism is meant to have on the development in the state and the Nigerian society at large.

GEOGRAPHICAL RETRIEVAL COMPUTER SYSTEM