PROJECT TOPIC- Challenges of industrial attachment on the performance of business education graduates
Background of the Study
In 1973, the Industrial Training Fund (ITF) established and launched the Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES). The students industrial work experience scheme (SIWES) is a skill training programme designed to expose students of post-secondary schools to the industrial work situation they are likely to meet after graduation. The need for the establishment of the scheme arose when there were a growing concern among industrialists that graduates of institutions of higher learning lacked adequate practical background required for employment in industries.
According to Azubuike (2013), the main idea for the establishment of the scheme is to equip students with the skills needed for employment in the industries after graduation. The Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES) is a skill training programme, designed to expose and prepare students of universities, monotechnics, polytechnics/colleges of agriculture and for the industrial work situation (Akerejola, 2007).
According to Inyiagu (2005), SIWES is the equivalent of cooperative education in the United States of America and in the United Kingdom. SIWES according to Ogbobe (1991) is the accepted skills training programme designed to prepare students of universities, Polytechnic, Monotechnics and Colleges of Education (Technical) for their eventual transition from the school environment to the real world of work.
In the same vein, Inyiagu (2005) explained that SIWES is a process of extending and enlarging the learning environment and resources beyond the immediate capabilities of the school. He went further to state that it is effective methods of instruction which help the students not only acquire occupationally oriented knowledge, skill and attitudes, but to have the opportunity also to apply these skills in the real world of work. It is therefore an effort to bridge the gap between theory and practice in our educational practice.
Furthermore, Okorie (2011) stated that the programme or scheme is jointly co-ordinate by the Industrial Training Fund (ITF), The National Universities Commission (NUC); National Board for Technical Education (NBTE); National commission for colleges of Education (NCCE) as well as the industries. Students that participate in this work experience program include those studying library science, engineering, Agriculture, office technology, Business/vocational studies, Environmental/Medical science, pure and Applied sciences among others.
The minimum duration for the SIWES should be six (6) months SIWES is a core academic requirement carrying six credit units. This requirement must be met by all students in Business education (office/secretarial option) in Ebonyi state university before graduation. The training programme is undertaken in the third year of a four year degree programme. The specific objective of the Student’s Industrial Work Experience Scheme were summarized by the federal government in its Gazette of April, 1978 as follows;
To provide an avenue for students in the Nigerian universities, polytechnics and colleges of education to acquire industrial skill and experience in their course of study.
To expose student of any discipline of study to learn and experience the knowledge, which they required in industry where these are not taught in the lecture room.
To apply the knowledge taught in the lecture rooms in real industrial situation.
To use the experience gained from the industrial training in discussion held in the lecture rooms.
To get a feel of the work environment.
To gain experience in writing report in any discipline of study works/project.
To expose students to any field of study of its responsibilities and ethics.
To expose students to employers as well as to introduce the Industrial Training programme available within Nigerian institutions.
With all the experience and knowledge acquired it is hoped that student will be able to choose appropriate work after graduation.
The objectives of SIWES in no doubt is for the benefit of the students.
Since the introduction of SIWES, it has been a veritable instrument for equipping students with requisite skills for job placement. Ogu (2009), noted that most students have benefited from this scheme as it has added to the years of their working experience as they graduate. According to Onwe (2010), SIWES has a great influence on job performance of fresh graduates in most institutions, especially those in the office technology (secreatial), ICTs, engineering, medicine among others.
For him, SIWES has exposed them to practical experiment rather than theories and abstractions taught in the classrooms. All these shows that SIWESS has a great challenges on the working performance of graduates.
Despite all the benefit that has been derived from SIWES, It is disheartening to know that this objectives is almost defeated due to the inabilities of some of the industries, where the students are attached to provide the relevant facilities for effective SIWES programme.
There is also a slowdown of industries in the country. This slow down on industrialization in Nigeria has resulted into only very few industries being able to provide sufficient on the-job- training for numerous students trainee’s from higher institutions. Students are only predisposed to some ailing industries, which after the training programme may not boast of reasonable skill.
Besides, it discovered that the existing industries prefer employing skilled hands for effective production, rather than recruiting unskilled hands for training.
The unwillingness of industries to accept student trainee to carry out their attachment becomes one of the challenged facing SIWES. This challenges caught the interest of the researcher and she is inquiring into the challenges of SIWES, identifying how best to improve SIWES and this 21st century to tally with its objectives.
PROJECT TOPIC- Challenges of industrial attachment on the performance of business education graduates
Statement of the problem
Business education graduates should be experts in various offices and organisations they find themselves due to the skills and knowledge acquired during their academic training. But in our various offices today, many of them are performing below standard expected of them. The reason for this is because, many of them lack practical skills needed in the modern day office management of which SIWES offers.
The primary objective of SIWES is to make industries to complement the schools’ effort by allowing students have good practical experience through the use of their facilities relevant in their areas of studies which may not be provided by the schools. But unfortunately, there are only few industries available for students’ industrial attachment. Because of this, many students do not take this training very serious.
Many of them do not even go to their area of Industrial attachment at all. According to Azubuike (2013), about 60% of IT the students go to their place of attachment to fulfil all righteousness, 30% according to him, attach themselves to organisations where their educational/course of study have no relation, while the remaining 10% only get better place for their Industrial attachment. All these have a negative effect on the students’ intellectual/occupational development after graduation and as well impedes the realisation of the objectives of SIWES in making business education students competent business and office managers.
Also, it is a well-known fact that if a business education students is exposed to both modern office management and technology as well as modern way of handling office files, recording of transactions and other necessary document used in modern offices today, it will make them to perform greatly. But the major problem is lack of industries for students’ industrial attachment.
Purpose of the Study
This study is aimed at investigating the challenges of industrial attachment on the performance of business education graduates.
Specifically, the study seeks to
Identify the challenges of Industrial attachment to Business Education students
Determine the importance of industrial training to Business Education students.
To find out remedies to the challenges faced by business education students on Industrial attachment.
Significance of the Study
The findings of this work will be beneficial to government, student in industrial attachment and to the world of academics. The findings of this study would be of immense benefits to the students of business education in Ebonyi state university Abakaliki, as it would make them fully be aware of the importance of SIWES.
It will also be of greater value to educational policy make as it would provide them with relevant information to make polices that will promote the teaching and learning. This will likewise boost the morale of future undergraduate in Ebonyi state university who will fully participate in industrial work experience.
It will also contribute in keeping teachers, school administrators, and society abreast of the role expected of them in enhancing the learning capacity of their students during industrial work experience. As patrons and catalysts to the learning system, it will enable them to direct the quest of the learners appropriately. Thus, they could use the information generated from his study to formulate and activate learning motivate practices and policies.
This the findings of this study will be of great help to students of business education and other students. This is because it will help them to take their industrial training serious, since it will contribute to their job performance in their future job placement.
It is also expected to add to the stock of literature already existing in the area. This is because it will help to the students who wish to carry out further research on the topic, this will serve as a guide to them because most of the information which they would have found difficult to get are already stated in this work.
What are the challenges Industrial attachment to Business Education students
What are the importance of industrial training to Business Education students
What are out remedies to the challenges faced by business education students on Industrial attachment?
Scope of the Study
This study focused on the challenges of industrial attachment on the performance of business education students. It centres on the causes of poor performance of business education graduates; the importance of industrial training in the promotion of performance of business education graduates; the challenges Industrial attachment among business education; finding out remedies to the challenges faced by business education students in Industrial attachment. The object of the study are business education graduates.