Creation of Development Centre in Nigeria: Case study of Ebonyi state

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the study

       The study of development centre creation and its intending implication on developing countries such as Nigeria is quite interesting. This is because development centres like local government, forms the building block of the state and which the state is the building block of the nation in general.

       Development centre creation came into limelight in Nigeria as one of the developing countries in Africa during the forth republic, which was in the regime of president, Olusegun obasanjo tend to be a serious issue in Nigeria, Ebonyi state in particular, Okoli (2000).

       In the early stage of human existence, the first form of socio political organization put in place was the development of the social sitting. This created a forum for social interaction among the populace and realization among essential services with the polarizations, coupled with explosion of these nations, the national government now have much responsibilities to grapple with. This trends was interpreted in the developing nation as development centres. Consequent upon these, it is pertinent to know that development centre creation in Nigeria particularly in Ebonyi state is the brain work of the chief security officer of the state/ governor. The former Ebonyi state governor, of Sam O. Egwu in order to usher in massive development in the state and reduce the suffering of the people leaving in the community and rural arrears embarked on this development centre creation.

       According to an interview conducted by a reporter, on former Ebonyi state governor, Dr. Sam O. Egwu 50th birthday, he (the governor) was of the view that the development centre creation in Ebonyi state was not a mistake, since all the states concerned have done the same; apart from education, new development centres are the other government programme in the state that is very popular.

       It is so because, it gives people information, hope and independence, likewise and effectively. Also in 2007, Elechi’s administration in what he regarded as dividend of democracy, created more development centres so that it can quell the marginalization forces that was beginning to erupt its head in the state.

       The complexity of modem national governments and their shift in interest from mere domestic to international policies create a vacuum in the provision of needed services and developmental needs of the local communities promptly and as at when due, this condition can lead to under development of most of the communities, against these backdrop, the creation of development centres will be appreciated as this, to a large extent will cover the vacuum created in neglecting the grassroots communities by the federal government. The struggle over creation of some political loyalist have dominated the importance attached to the development centres created. The appointment of personnel that handles the affair of these centres have been over politicized. However, the development centres will achieve this feat for the grassroot communities by embarking on developmental effort, which most embraces changes by which the entire social system of the communities must move away from a condition of life perceived as unsatisfactory toward a situation regarded as materially and spiritually better. Hence, Onicha west development centre as one of the first 31 development centres created in 2001 at Onicha local government area, are under the first democratically elected governor of the state Dr. Sam O. Egwu; comprises the following communities such as umudome, unulezgwu, Amofia and Amakporo respectively and its presents coordinators is barrister Chukwu Emeka Mgbeke, that is coordinating the affairs of the development centre of Onicha west development centre.

1.2  Statement of the problem

       The politics over creation of development centre in Ebonyi state have constitutes serious boost to community and rural development in Ebonyi state, ranging from the conduct of free and fair election and the survival of true democracy in Nigeria.

The principle justifying the creation of development centre is presume on the superior capacity of the local people to understand and conduct their own affairs consequent upon this, the trend of development centre creation in Ebonyi state have been grappled with questionable implication. Development centres and up created for few people who pilot the affair of the centre for their own benefit while the masses suffer. Sequel to this doubt, the following research have been raised to guide the study questions.

  1. What are the responsibilities of the development centres with respect to their services rendered in Ebonyi state in particular and Nigeria in general?
  2. What is the impact of development centre creation in development of Ebonyi state?
  3. Is there any negative implication of development centre creation in Ebony state with effect to the services provided by the centre?

1.3  Objectives of the study

       The overriding purpose of this research work is to determine the trend of development centre creation in Ebonyi state and analyze their implication on Ebonyi state, especially Onicha west development centre. To attain these, the following specific objectives are set for the study;

  1. To determine the responsibilities of development centre with respect to their services rendered.
  2. To find out those negative implication of development centre creation in Ebonyi state with effect to the service delivery.
  3. To find out the negative implication of development centre creation in Ebonyi state with effect to the services provided by the centre.

1.4  Research hypotheses

       In determining one or more tentative propositions to guide this work. However, three types of hypotheses are employed to help facilitate this research. Hence, null and alternate hypotheses are employed.

HA1 :      There is solemly responsibilities of development centres with respect to their services rendered.

Ho1 :      There is no responsibilities of development centres with respect to their service rendered.

HA2 :      God fatherism, corruption, Nepotism and public fund embezzlement are some of the negative implication of development centre creation.

H02 :      God fatherism, corruption, nepotism and public fund embesslement are not some of the negative implication of development centre creation.

HA3 :      There is negative implication of development centre creation in Ebonyi State with effect to the services provided by the centre.

H03 :      There is no negative implication of development centre creation in Ebonyi State with effect to the service provided by the centre.

1.5  Significance of the study

       Every academic work holds out hope or new findings and the essence of every research is for the purpose its serves.

       A study conducted on any problem is required to make some contribution towards societal development. This research work will contribute to the readers and gamut of others who may derive interest in the area of this study, in particular Onicha west Development centre in providing ways towards the amelioration of practical problem concern in this study i.e the implication of development centre creation in Ebonyi state.

       The findings will also serve as guided lesson and indicators to moderate future developmental strategies and launch a platform for further research. It will encourage the executive and staff of the development centre to be more effective and proactive in active dealing with the people living within the geographical area and educate the people on the factor responsible for problem militating against the development in the area and proffer solution therein.

1.6  Scope of the study

       This research analysis shall be the politics of development centre creation in a developing country. The research study is based in Onicha west Development centre (DC) in Ebonyi Stete.

1.7  Limitations of the study

       With regard to limitations, it is a statement of fact that every academic work must encounter some impending problem.

       Limitation of fund proves to be one of such problem which invariably limit the researcher’s ability to effectively conduct the research and obtain material. Also, the researcher is limited by the language barria that posses as a stopper of any reasonable information by executive and staff of the development centre, likewise, literature books also prove to be challenging problem to this research work and time frame.

       Finally, the inability of the researcher to reach all concern due to some circumstances, resulting to poor representation as expected. Therefore, for the achievement of the above, the researcher shall make both explicit and implicit techniques for critical objective analysis.

1.8  Theoretical framework

       The theory adopted to explain this work is ludwigvon Bertanaffy theory popularly known as system theory in 1960; which he views it as a collection of part operating interdependently to achieve a common purpose.

       The idea of system theory as A.S Horry (2005) Viewed it as a system of a group of related part working together.

       These interrelated parts form a whole towards common goal. In this light the development centre is seen as a subsystem within the state, working together with the other sub-systems to achieve one national objective – development of macro-economic and socio- cultural, political activities of the state-nation. In furtherance, the development centre socio-economic frame work can be viewed as an input-output system in which the macro-component (manpower, capital and material) constitute the input and the national local objectives (physical services, policies, political decision and law) constitute the output; the macro policy being the transformation of the system.

Be that as it may, system theory bulk the development of different unit as an input to obtain from the environment and after the conversion process, the output ploughed back into the environment.

The relevance of the system theory to this research work cannot be over emphasized.

Development centre which is under the local government collaborate with different levels of government such as the local government, state government in fostering development in their domain.

Hence, since they are at the grassroot with the populace, they in form lodge in their guest i.e their opinions on what the government should do for them, in future, the coordinators tables it before the local government in which will result for the local government to create a new policy ie carryout some programme that will address the problem as against their wishes and aspirations, in respect to their demand.

Further more, this theory emphasizes that development centre is not an island on its own, it solemly depends on the local and state government in their day to day administration and development and this constitute to the development of any developing country to reach their destination respectively.

1.9  Operationalization of the key concepts

       In the course of writing this research, some key concepts which require operational definition were used. These concepts are here under defined.

Politics

       Politics in relation to this study means the creation of development centre in acquisition of state power and distribution of resource to citizenry.

Implication

       A thing that is suggested and implied, a thing that is not openly stated.

Impact

       The term can be defined as effect, influence which may be positive or negative on a particular thing.

Development centre

       It is seen as the irreversible directional and law governed changed of matter and consciousness. It leads to the emergence of the new qualitative state of the object, of it composition and structure. It is also a universal principle in explaining the history and nature of the society and knowledge.

Effective

       This term effective means a process of producing a distrust of central government and nationalities and an emphasis in reform initiative form the grass-root.

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