PROJECT TOPIC- DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY PRINCIPALS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NDOKWA WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

Abstracts

This study was carried out to examine the disciplinary problems encountered by principals of secondary schools in Ndokwa west local government area of Delta State. To achieve this purpose, four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The population of this study was made up of principals, teachers and students from eleven Secondary Schools in Ndokwa West Local Government Area of Delta State. The target population stood at three thousand four hundred and seventy six (3,476) respondents. The researcher sampled a total of eight (8) Secondary Schools out of eleven (11) Secondary Schools in Ndokwa West Local Government Area. A simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of eight (8) principals, seventy two (72) teachers, 120 students from eight (8) selected schools for the study. This gave a total of two hundred (200) respondents as sampled population.  The instrument used for data collection was structured questionnaire and the design was a survey type to elicit necessary responses from the respondents. Data analysis was done using mean. The major findings of the work were as follows: that teachers’ truancy and teachers’ lack of knowledge of the subject matter contribute to disciplinary problems, that community inability to emphasize regularly on discipline and physical assault of staff in the community contribute to disciplinary problem, that over pampering of children by their parents and parents involvement in examination malpractice to help scale their wards to disciplinary problem. The educational implications were highlighted and some recommendations were made such as: Government should organize workshop, seminars, etc. for principals on how to educate the staff and students, institutions of higher learning should be established in full fledge in department of guidance and counselling in secondary schools in order to help identify students’ problems and thereby proffer possible solutions to them.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Disciplinary problem is as old as creation. It was responsible for the ejection of the first parents, Adam and Eve, from the Garden of Eden. Because out of disobedient and extreme curiosity to be like their creator, they tested the forbidden fruit. According to Peretomode (1995), Disciplinary problem is a great obstacle facing effectiveness of works in the public and private sector and in school system in particular.

It has generated bribe, corruption, nepotism, hooliganism, and absenteeism in the wider society in general and truancy, cheating, examination malpractice in secondary schools in Ndokwa West Local Government Area. However, disciplinary problems mean the absence of discipline. Thus, where disciplinary problems or indiscipline reigns, discipline is lacking.

The stability and continuing existence in that society are in danger. Life and property becomes insecure, and the continuing existence of the society becomes precarious. Dittimiya (1996) said that disciplinary problems could be regarded as any act that does not conform with the societal values and norms. It takes many forms and shapes depending on how it is being carried out in its assorted forms.

According to Edem (1982) disciplinary problems is a violation of school rules and regulations that is capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the school system and should be consequently avoided through perfect orientation of students and imposition of positive sanction in case of violation of the order. Disciplinary problems is also a distinctive and undeserving element to progress, training mode of life in accordance with rules.

Consequently, lack of disciplinary problem relates to misbehaviours in any form. According to Adesina (1990) disciplinary problem is a situation where students set aside the school rules and regulations and do what they like and leave undone what are expected to do. It is also any act that is inconsistent with the set down   rules and regulations governing a learning situation.

Disciplinary problems in the public schools is evident by students refusing to all school practice and the process of education to be carried out in an atmosphere of cordiality and friendliness where the authority of school administrator and teachers is not recognized, maintained and authority of school administrator and teachers is not recognized, maintained and exercise, where laws or truancy and examination malpractice are not obeyed.

Where the conventional practice is compromised with students known to be indulging in anti social activities. Where bribery and corruption are allowed to prevail in the open and where school emphasis is not strongly placed on development of character and self discipline as well as personal commitment to academic excellence. In the opinion of Akomolage (2001) disciplinary problems in secondary schools are the major problems that is facing our society today.

Disciplinary problems in secondary schools has assumed an alarming proportion and is attracting the attention of government, patents, school authorities, non governmental organization, individuals and cooperate bodies. Indiscipline in secondary schools is as a result of the students who negates the school rules and regulations and which in turn are inimical to the growth and development of the students.

His argument was that, schools which are fundamentally expected to assist in building up people for the good of the society are now regarded by some peoples as breading   ground for disobedience. There causing problems and suffering to people within the organization. This has been the major problem of Nigeria educational system. This behaviour in students may be as a result of combination of factors that are intrinsic and extrinsic.

In post primary school, there are fewer riots and violent Demonstration but disciplinary problems rears it ugly hand principally in the bullying of juniors by or leaving hostel without permission. Leaving school before the crossing date for vacation, in retiring to the dormitory or hide out during classes and the destruction of school property, in lateness to school and truancy, in loitering about during classes, examination malpractice and falsification of results. Nwogu (1982:84)

Finally, it could be seen that nearly, if not all the secondary school principals in Ndokwa west local government area, appears to be confronted with the disciplinary problems of students in their administration. Therefore, this study examined the disciplinary problems encountered by principals of secondary schools in Ndokwa west local government area of Delta state.

PROJECT TOPIC- DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY PRINCIPALS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NDOKWA WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

Statement of the Problem

Disciplinary problem in schools is a great threat to the schools academic and social programme and to the life of the society. It has been repeatedly said that the children of today are the leaders of tomorrow because, the future of the society lie in their hands. As a result of this, their   characters and future are being designed by the school through disciplinary system.

A school that stands to control the behaviour of students contributes meaningfully to the teaching and learning as well as development of students in the immediate community and society at large. Such schools eliminate the disciplinary problems among students and co-ordinate the principals and teachers to be active and know their duties.

The school is automatically associated with power and authority to control, to instruct the principals and teachers, and also to shape students behaviours in the society in any forms it want to be. The school accomplishes this through its disciplinary process. Discipline in school determines the developmental level of students in the society in terms of moral, social spiritual, political and economic standard. Therefore the problem of this study is to examine the disciplinary problems encountered by principals of secondary schools in Ndokwa west local government area of Delta state.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to examine the disciplinary problems encountered by principals of secondary schools in Ndokwa west local government area.  Specifically, the study examines the following:

  1. If school staffs exhibit disciplinary problems
  2. Whether students exhibit disciplinary problems
  3. Whether community exhibit disciplinary problems
  4. If disciplinary problems emanate from parents

Significance of the Study

This study will be beneficial to number of persons in the society. It will be useful to every students, their parents, social workers as well as the government. The teachers in the primary schools and Secondary Schools will also find the research very useful. The parents will derive immense benefit from the study, in the sense that, it will expose those factors which are likely to affect their children’s academic pursuit.

It will also enlighten the school heads on the behavioural pattern of their students thereby helping them to guard disciplinary problems in the school system. This study will also help administrators, and the society to check the adverse disciplinary problems encountered by principal of secondary schools and the need for appropriate action to corb them.   Invariably, when the above mentioned professionals benefit through this study, the government will be smooth in execution of their functions towards disciplinary problems among school staffs, students, and drastically reduced them.

Scope of the Study

The researcher limited the scope of this study to Ndokwa Local Government Area of Delta State. This study is intended to concentrate in examining the disciplinary problems encountered by principals of Secondary Schools in Ndokwa Local Government Area of Delta State.

Research Questions

Based on the objectives of this study, the following research questions were formulated:

  1. How does school staffs exhibit disciplinary problems?
  2. How does students exhibit disciplinary problems?
  3. How does community exhibit disciplinary problems?
  4. How does disciplinary problems emanate from parents of the students.

PROJECT TOPIC- DISCIPLINARY PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY PRINCIPALS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NDOKWA WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

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