PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECT OF COLONIZATION ON OUR VALUE IN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
The main purpose of this research work is to examine the effect of colonization on our value in educational on our value in education system in Nigeria. To carry out this research, four research questions were answered. The research area is limited to Orumba North Local Government Area of Anambra State. The population of the study consists of all the teachers and senior students of all the secondary schools in Orumba North Local Government Area of Anambra State out of which 200 respondents were sampled. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. From the data collected and analyzed, it was found that the causes of colonization of Nigeria were industrial revolution of great Britain, slave trade in Nigeria, need of Britain for political control and economic exploration of Nigeria resources. The study also revealed that colonization really affected the native language of instruction, parental socialization roles and also modernized and modified the values in Educational system of Nigeria. It showed that the possible solution to the problem of colonization on the value in Educational system in Nigeria were cultural orientation, encouragement of traditional education and complete eradication of negative values of western education. Based on these findings, some recommendations were made; that all the possible solutions listed above should be carried out, Government should ensure the policy on use of native language in teaching and the people of Nigeria should imbibe the spirit of selflessness and patriotism.
Background to the Study
Prior to the advent of Western colonization in Nigerian geographical zones and other parts of West African territory, the people of Nigeria are purely practicing their indigenous culture and tradition viz. indigenous education Uchendu, (1997). With the advent of colonialism, it has been argued that indigenous institutions were disarticulated on distorted.
However, some traditional institutions were involved in the system of colonial administration in Nigeria in particular. The use of indigenous institutions for purpose of educating our young ones the values and culture was contingent. Nigeria as a political entity, as we know it today is a British creation.
Before her emergency as political entity, the territory of Nigeria was severally occupied by disparate groups that constituted themselves into empires, kingdoms and decentralized societies referred to as a cephalous societies Okpata et al, (2000). Education in essence involves the upbringing, training and instructing of children according to the acceptable
standards of the society Metuh, (1992). He observed that education is the process of learning and of preparing an individual, from birth and all through his life through encouragements and participation for happy and useful membership of the society in which he lives. This is why Oyeneye (1997).
Noted that education is seen as the direct means which a people seek to shape its own destiny and to transform itself what it knows itself to be into what it would hope to become. Colonization of Nigeria has brought about a great changes in the area of held value of education.
Bozimo and Ikwumelu (2000) maintained that the indigenous education has been modified and shaped in different forms which is affecting the people of Nigeria. They hold a view that these changes were brought about by colonization forces. Colonization according to Aguene (2005) can be defined as a situation where one country exercise political
domination over another by assuming control of the machinery of government and directing the affairs of other institutions in Nigeria which education is inclusive. The education of the indigenous Nigeria was purely informal aimed at inculcating the values, culture, skills and worthwide behaviour in the life of citizenry.
Ever since the emergence of Western Colonization which brought about Western education, the broad aims of indigenous education has been changed positively and negatively (FRN, 1998). Nigeria did not control its education after colonization, infact, colonization used our education to train the minds of our people to be a consumer of our recycled resources
instead of becoming producers for the world to consume from.Colonization of Nigeria has re-shaped the values of people even in the area of educational values. Anugwon and Igbo (2001) maintained that this values was embedded in Nigerian, culture-language, eating, wearing, marriage and housing even to the area of gesture and gesticulation.
The problem is that the Western education that came into Nigeria through colonization has eroded the aspect of learning which traditional Nigeria use to inculcate in their citizen the contractual values of the society. These problems of education after colonization to place in our place of worship, our event and schools.
Despite the negative aspect of Western colonization to the values in educational system in Nigeria, colonization of Nigeria has positively help in the development of our educational system in its ramification. The ability to sing hyms and recite catechisms, as well as the ability to communicate both orally and in writing was considered essential for good citizenry Udoh, (1998).
Informal education since colonization of Nigeria has change to liberal education which help in the cultivation of the well-rounded individual who could moster the need of the business firms and the government bureaucratic process such as Clarks, office works, interpreters that determined the interest of education.
Udo (1998) also emphasized that the sage of Nigeria’s educational process has to do with borrowing and developing Euro-American ideas and slogans preparing Nigerians for self-governance etc. At this point, such slogans like education for economic growth; education for national unity; education for political emancipation; education for
democracy; and education for self –reliance were commonly heard. The importance of training preferably through the media of English and local language the clergy, catechists, lay-leaders and godly teachers who would minister to the needs of their people was attributed to Western colonization which brought formal education with different values styles Uchendu, (1997).
At this point, it is wise to look at the aims, objectives and nature of education- what is education for? When objectives and aims of education appeared in primitive time, there was no chance of introducing new ideas regarding the aims and objectives of education. The aims of education in those days was to maintain the folkways or the status quo Nwabuisi, (1992).
The maintenance of status quo gave the people a sense of security. Examples abound in. the epoch of oriental civilization, the conservative stance was maintained in their aims of education. In China, for example, an indirect educational examination was carried out in selecting. Public officials.
This indirect educational test on the would be officials was a test of archery, the educational aims of China fossilized into a static routine even when the exercise was meaningless. The said test was carried out even when wars were being fought with firearms. This is a typical example of a system of education that has advanced beyond primitive education but whose
aims still very primitive and have no relevance to the life of the people. The question that comes to our minds is that this colonization, how far has it changed or affected our held values in educational system in Nigeria. Answering this question will give birth to the investigation into the effect of colonization on the value in educational system in Nigeria.
PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECT OF COLONIZATION ON OUR VALUE IN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN NIGERIA
Statement of the Problem
The problems of colonization an its effect on the value of educational system in Nigeria, has resulted to a serious problems in Nigeria. Western colonization has introduce their Western attitude, behaviour, religion, education and administration and imposed to the indigenous people. Ever the inception of colonization, the indigenous has lost their identity.
Values and tradition which handed over from their ancestor. Nigeria in a contemporary era has been suffering from the epidemic of this lost of identity. The traditional people according to Uchendu (1997) can no longer train their child in line with the culture and tradition as a result of colonization which has imposed value system different from originally held views.
The education of the indigenous Nigeria was purely to inculcating the values and culture to her citizen and it does not extend to administration and economic development. The value of the Western education was quite different from these. Colonization corrupts the minds of people and unconsciously, we have accepted this values more than the indigenous culture in
our various institutions and this has resulted to various problems that hinders economic and social development. In respond to this, the Western education that came as a result of colonization was not designed by the purveyor to catter the need and aspiration of people rather designed to explore the mind of indigenous Nigeria and remove in them the sense of identity. Looking at this stated problems, the researcher was necessitated to investigate on the effect of colonization on the value in Educational system in Nigeria.
Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of the study is to investigate on the effect of colonization on our value in educational system in Nigeria. Specifically the study sought to;
- Ascertain actually what brought colonization of Nigeria.
- Investigate the changes brought about by the colonization forces on the value in education in Nigeria.
- Ascertain the values in education in Nigeria educational system.
- Enumerate some possible solution to the problems of colonization on our value in educational system in Nigeria.
Significance of the Study
The study is significant because it would help to understanding really the concept of values in education owing to its magnitude. The study will provide insight to teachers and students on the need to teach and learn the held educational values and cultures handed over to us by the ancestors.
The study will opine the mind of Nigeria citizen the problems embedded on our culture as a result of colonization. The findings of the study will be of great important to government parastatals, traditional rulers and researchers who will be interested to explore and extract the problems embedded on us through colonization and possible means of resoling this problem.
The proper understanding of this problem will help the government to design the value system in education that will accommodate the indigenous values in a hamonized means. Finally, the study findings will help the educational planners and administrators to design educational curriculum that will help to initiate the primary objective of indigenous values in school curriculum.
Scope of the Study
The study focused on the investigation on the effect of colonization on our values in educational system in Nigeria. For the purpose of easy accessibility and collection of data for the study, this work is restricted to Orumba North Local Government Area of Anambra State.
The following research questions were formulated to guide the study.
- What are the causes of colonization of Nigeria?
- What are the effects of colonization on our value in educational system in Nigeria?
- What are the various values in education in Nigeria?
- What are the possible solution to the problem of colonization on the values in education in Nigeria?