PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECT OF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE ON WORKER’S JOB PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1      BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The understanding of organization is important to the personnel management in relation to an organizational structure. Organization can be seen as a process of coordinating individual efforts to achieve a set goal. Similarly, an organization is a consciously coordinated social entity with a relatively identifiable boundary that functions on a relatively continuous basis to accomplish a goal or goal (s).

Organization is not an end in itself, but a means to business performance and business results. Organization is an indispensable means; and the wrong structure will seriously mar business performance. Still, the starting point of any analysis of organization cannot be a discussion of structure. It is of this view by Drucker (1999) that led the researcher in finding out how organization structure can affect the workers’ job performance in an organization.

The basic unit of any organization not clear or incomplete sentence organization taken at its simplest level, consist of job design and organizational design . job remove is a collection of tasks assigned to a position in an organization structure. Job design refers to the process by which managers specify the contents, methods, and relationship of jobs to satisfy both individual and organizational requirements.

On the other hand, organizational design is the overall organizational structure. This aim at creating a new structure of tasks, authority and relationship that will channel the behaviour of individuals and groups towards improved quality performance, Kreither (1999:250), defined an organization as “cooperative social system involving the coordinated efforts of two or more people pursuing a shared purpose”.

In other words, organization emerge whenever people gather and formally agree to combine their effort for a common purpose. Basic in the concept of organization is the idea that organization is made up of persons who share common goal by communication and are willing to contribute their efforts and actions with the purpose of accomplishing a common objective.

Organization is consciously coordinated which imply management by Robbins (1987:3). Organization as a social entity means that the units is composed of people or group of people who interact with each other. The interaction pattern that people follow do not just emerge, rather they are premeditated. Therefore, because organization is process by which managers specify the contents, methods, and relationship of jobs to satisfy both individual and organizational requirements.

On the other hand, organizational design is the overall organizational structure. This aim at creating a new structure of tasks, authority and relationship that will channel the behaviour of individuals and groups towards improved quality performance.Kreither (1999:250), dfined an organization as “cooperative social system involving the coordinated efforts of two or more people pursuing a shared purpose”.

In other words, organization emerge whenever people gather and formally agree to combine their effort for a common purpose. Basic in the concept of organization is the idea that organization is made up of persons who share common goals by communication and are willing to contribute their efforts and actions with the purpose of accomplishing a common objective.

Organization is consciously coordinated which imply management by Robbins (1987:3). Organization as a social entity means that the units is composed of people or groups of people who interact with each other. The interaction pattern that people follow do not just emerge, rather they are premeditated. Therefore, because organization is social entity, the interaction pattern of the member must be balance and harmonized to minimize redundancy, yet ensure that critical tasks are being completed.

Mc Farland (1994), said that organizational structure “are patterns of relationships among people and position they occupy in an organization”. Structure consist of prescribed organizational positions and their accompanying task responsibilities established specified and intended relationship among occupants of such positions. Sound organization structure involves dividing activities into department, divisions, units and sub-units; defining relationship, between the heads and members that make up the units.

The structure of an organization of an organization stipulates how tasks are to be allocated, who reports to who, and the formal coordinating mechanism and interaction patterns that will be followed. Although the nature of the structure varies form one organization to another

We have four types of organizational structure viz. line organization structure which consist of direct

  • Vertical relationship connecting the position at each level with those above and below.
  • Functional organization structure permits a specialist in a given area to enforce his directive within the limited and clearly defined scope of authority.
  • Line and staff organization structure consist of addition of functional specialist to line organization.
  • Staff organization structure emerges to assist help and support the line organization to enable the line to perform well.

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECT OF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE ON WORKER’S JOB PERFORMANCE

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

organizational structure is an indispensable means, and any wrong structure will seriously mar business performance or will make the business to the (inefficient) efficient. It is of this view that led the researcher in finding out whether there is direct relationship between organization structure and job performance. Again to find out how organizational structure can affect the worker’s job performance in an organization and to determined the effect that organization structure has on workers job performance.

1.3    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

        The objectives of the study is:

  1. To find out if there is any relationship between organizational structure and work performance.
  2. To ascertain if the structure of the organization affect performance of workers of Ebonyi Hotels and Hotel De Tycoon Abakaliki
  3. To evaluate which of the structure in the study improves the workers job performance.
  4. To recommend appropriate structure that will be effective in that type of the organization.

1.4      RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.      Do you think organizational structure plays any role in an organization?

2.      Is there any relationship between organization structure and job performance?

3.      Does the structure affect worker’s performance of Ebonyi Hotels and Hotel De Tycoon Abakaliki?

4.      What type of organizational structure is to be recommended?

1.5    HYPOTHESIS

1.      Workers performance is not based on the organizational structure is rather based on the organization’s policy.

2.      If workers are highly satisfy with their job, it will lead to high performance.

3.      The organization should e able to identify tasks to be performed and the criteria to be used to measure successful performance.

1.6    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of my finding will objectively bring to the notice some errors made in the cause of formulating and drafting organizational structure of a business firm in relation to it performance.

This research work will proffer solutions to these errors already made. This will equally be of great importance to some students of business management, public administration, managers of firms and companies, the government and other disciplines who are interested in studying management in Nigeria.

17.    LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

          This study should have covered all the Hotels in the state and country but due to time and financial constraints, it is limited to Ebonyi Hotels and Hotel De Tycoon, Abakaliki.

        Though from time to time references are being made to its structure of those Hotels.

REFERENCES

cole, G.A. (2002), Personnel and Human Resource Management 5th

edition. London FLST London Publisher PP 42-53.

Drucker, P.F. (1999), The Practice of Management. Oxford UK,

Butterworth. Heinerrann British Publishers.

Okpata, F.O. (2004), Public Administration. Theory and practice 2nd

edition. Enugu, Cheston publishers limited PP 108-10

Robbins, S.M. (2000), Analysis of management principles and practice,

Enugu JTC publishers.

Umoh S.M (2000), Human Behaviours in Oganizations and

Administrative Theory and practice, Vol. 1. Enugu JTC Publishers.

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECT OF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE ON WORKER’S JOB PERFORMANCE

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