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Chapter Two Format and Guide to Literature Review, Empirical Review and Theoretical Framework

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Chapter Two Format and Guide to Literature Review, Empirical Review, and Theoretical Framework

Before writing Chapter Two of your research project, it is expected that you have completed your chapter one which is the foundation on which the review will be based on. This segment of your research work is most often titled Literature Review or Review of Related Literature.

Literature review entails the presentation of a well-structured, articulated and organized reports of scholarly works done on topics which are similar to the topic of the current research.

The format chapter two of your work will take is determined by your discipline. However, most often the chapter two of a research thesis  is discussed under the following subtitle;

  • Introduction: this provides a brief insight into the issues that would be discussed in chapter two as well as the organization of chapter two
  • Conceptual framework: your conceptual framework should be done in a manner which depicts logical linkages of central themes in your line of research. A good conceptual framework represents the interrelatedness of central issues in the research through the aid of a diagram. Take for instance, that a researcher is working on a research topic titled “The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among female adolescent in Ika, Delta State, Nigeria”. Let’s assume we are writing a conceptual framework for this topic.

 Conceptual framework

Sexually transmitted diseases have been proven to affect the health of women, which adolescent girls are inclusive in so many ways. A sexually transmitted disease refers to diseases which are transferred from one person to another during the processes of sexual intimacy.

They include such diseases as staphylococcus, syphilis, gonorrhea among others.  Evidence from research studies available in this line of study has revealed that these diseases when left untreated, could greatly impede the health of its victims, as it can give rise to several health complications, which includes infertility, lowered immunity, and even death.

Chapter Two Format and Guide to Literature Review, Empirical Review, and Theoretical Framework

We have successfully created a pictorial representation of the various concept which would be further elaborated in this segment of the study, hence the next thing expected of the researcher is to critically elaborate these concepts.

  • Theoretical framework

In the theoretical framework, various theories propounded by researchers in the line of study of the current research is reviewed. In writing a theoretical framework, it is expected that the research makes reference to two to three theories, depending on the number of variables been researched, such information as to its founder, assumptions, and suitability for the current study should also be stated by the researcher.

  • Empirical review

In empirical review, the researcher explores various empirical studies conducted by other researchers on topics which are related to the current research. An empirical research entails giving a comprehensive report of another researchers work. For instance,

Okafor (2018) conducted a study on “the role of rape in the spread of sexually transmitted diseases among adolescent girls in Ika local government of Delta state. The researcher was geared on ascertaining the causes of rape among ………., to determine the relationship between rape and victims vulnerability to STDs.

Survey research design was adopted, while the population of the study comprised of 100 adolescent girls whom were randomly selected from 20 villages which made up the local government.

Data was collected through questionnaire and was analyzed using statistical packages for social scientist (SPSS), from the data analyzed the study found out that rape increases the vulnerability of victims to such STDs as Hiv/Aids, gonorrhea, staphylococcus, syphilis among others.

Hence, the study recommended among others that rape victims should be encouraged to seek medical attention, as this will enable them to get medical help.

You have to report the same process for all other empirical studies you want to review.

  • Summary of Reviewed literature

Here you are expected to present all that you have done in your chapter in brief sentences. For most undergraduate research studies, chapter two terminates here. However, for post-graduate studies, such sub-titles as Gap in Knowledge, contribution to knowledge are present and are discussed before the summary of reviewed works of literature.

  • References

Here, the researcher provides a comprehensive list of all the works of literature he/she consulted while carrying out the study as well as detailed information on all the authors cited or quoted in the work.

Read Also: Guidelines for writing a literature review

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