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Introduction/Background of the study

This is an overall introduction to your topic of interest that provides an in-depth background to the topic.  You must be precise and state the purpose of your research.  This is the most detail part of your chapter one; here you would give a historical development of your research topic. State the different overlapping views in this area and significant investigations that researchers have been done. Also, you should talk about the present state of your research. Have there been any changes?  You can cite a few paragraphs from your literature review but it must be a summary of the conflicts in your area of project that has not been addressed.

Statement of the Problem

This is where you state the specific problem that you intend to address. It usually will begin with: This project address the problem of…”  When writing your problem, make sure you address the problems that were exiting before that you intend to proffer solution to in your research.

Purpose of the study

This is the section where you give an overall purpose of your project.  It must be related to your literature review and must also answer the questions raised in your problem statement.  Ensure that your hypothesis is clearly stated and testable.

Significance of the study

This states the importance of addressing the problem that you are set to work on. You should link your work to any area that you think the study will help. Is it going to improve human condition or state of education? Whatsoever it is, this is where you have to state the relevance of your research.

Theoretical Framework

This is the basic theory that is used to provide an insight upon which your research work is built.  There lots of theories depending on the topic you are working on.  For example, a research work on evolution would be working with Charles Darwin’s theory.

Research Questions

These are guiding lights to your research and it provides insight into your objective/purpose of the study. Your questions should be structure in a way that it will provide answers to the researcher. Avoid Yes/No questions and try using the WH-questions.  When you ask a YES/NO question you cannot make head way in your project work because you will not have information to work. Stay away from closed-ended questions rather use open-ended.

Research Hypothesis

Your hypothesis must be tentative to the problem under study and should relate to the questions you have raised in your research questions


There may be constraints that may influence the outcome of your research; they are beyond your control so you must state them.


Some topics are broad and because of the time you have, you might have to deliberately chop off some areas; clearly define the length to which your project will cover.

Definition of terms

Make sure you define important terms and concept in your project such as variables, acronyms and keywords.

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