impact of teacher’s involvement in examination malpractice on students in secondary schools in Ebonyi State: Afikpo Educational Zone
Background of the Study
Our society is faced with various kinds of malpractices. It is very common to see teachers failing to do their professional duties properly.
Examination malpractice is one of such acts where people do things wrongly in an interrupted way to achieve or acquire correct things. Salami (1995) explained examination malpractices as all forms of illegal acts or cheating in order to pass an examination. He said that these include cheating in the hall, writing exam outside the hall, buying of certificates and all illegal acts connected with the examinations.
Agu (1991), observed that most secondary school students have shifted their efforts from studing to pass exams to struggle to get good results through foul means. Most students who are no longer eager to burn their midnight candle but resort to indulgement or various unlawful act in order to pass examination and this is the major effect of examination malpractice.
Mama (1997), had it that WAEC has expressed concerned over the alleged involvement of some teacher’s in examination malpractice among secondary school students in the country. This report did not miss word in saying that the scandal was done during the May/June 1996 senior school certificate examination in some parts of the country. It would also be seen in the SSCE 2003, National Examination Council (NECO), the radio broadcast on the network service of radio Nigeria on November owing to the release of NECO 2003 result informed the Nigerian citizens that about 20% of the candidates that sat for the examination would not see their results this is for the fact that they took part in examination Freud. It is therefore, no mere gain saying the fact that cases of it are teacher’s involvement in examination.
Examination, according to oxford advanced learner’s dictionary, 6th edition, is a close look at something or somebody, especially to see if there is anything wrong or the find the cause of a problem.
According to Houston (2007) examination either oral or written is an important aspect of teaching-learning process as it tends to be a teacher or an instructor to a class or individual student, to determine the amount and quality of learning acquired over a period of time.
Examination is also a way of testing systematically to determine the extent to which the students achieve instructional objectives.
Examiners, invigilators, instructors, and teachers use examination as advice for sorting out student’s academic ability and performance, but this cankerworm called examination malpractice has posed a great problem to the evaluation of the student’s ability, especially, in the secondary schools where students are faced with series of external examinations.
Malpractice, according to oxford advanced learner’s dictionary, 6th edition, is a careless, corong, or illegal behaviour while in a professional job. It is a dishonest or an unlawful or a wrong method of taking examination by those at whose trust the examination procedures are placed, due to their selfish personal advantage.
Examination malpractice is said to occur when examination does not take it’s proper form or shape. This issue of examination malpractice would have been possible, if the supervisors, invigilators, and teachers whose responsibilities of examination are trusted are not interested in mapping out fraudulent ways to satisfy their selfish aims and gains.
The genesis of examination malpractices in Nigeria can be traced to 1914 when the senior Cambridge examination leaked.
Examination of West African was the first to leak in 1963, Omotos (1988), and since then hardly had any year passed without some published incident of teachers or student involvement in examination malpractice. Students have been alleged to use various means of the perpetuate examination malpractice. It is pertinent to note that this would not have been possible if teachers and supervisors did not support them.
However, the root causes of examination malpractice in Nigeria steams from the high degree of societal emphasis on paper qualification, certificate, and the grave to passing examination at all cost by both teachers and students.
Despite the menace of examination malpractice in the schools and society at large and all the instance of cancellations, reprimand, prosecution used by the West African examination council and government for instance the decree 20, imposing twenty one (21) years jail term in any culprit of examination malpractice, still teachers involve themselves in examination malpractice.
Statement of the Problem
According to Houston (2007) examination both internal and external are meant to assess an evaluate the academic achievement of students in their work over a period of time.
The West African examination council (1985), statistics shows an increasing rate of teachers and students involvement in examination malpractice from year to years, despite all attempts to minimize it, especially in secondary schools.
This reoccurring rate of examination malpractice has posed a problem in the realistic evaluation of students achievement.
In his reaction, Otu (2001) cried out vehemently that examination malpractice is an evil, which has retarded the growth of education in Nigeria. In his view Uzoh (2002) noted that examination malpractice has led to the frustration of many students whose results are being seized.
It also damages the reputation, integrity and good name of an institution. Many teachers found guilty of encouraging or involving in any form of examination malpractice, have been banned from supervision and invigilation of external examination, either for some years or permanently and even black listed from marking. West African examination papers.
Therefore, the problem being addressed by this study, put in a question form, is the impact of teacher’s involvement in examination malpractice?
Purpose of the study
This research study is designed to examine the impact of teacher’s involvement in examination malpractice on students in secondary school students in Ebonyi State, with particular reference to Afikpo educational zone.
This study is specifically mean to achieve the following purposes.
- To identify some examination malpractice among secondary school students in Ebonyi State.
- To examine the role of teachers in examination malpractice.
- To find out ways of curbing examination malpractice, especially in schools in ebonyi state.
- To examine the impact of teachers involvement examination malpractice.
Significance of the Study
This study is significant because when successfully completed, the findings will be of great value to educational administrators, West African examination council (WAEC), teachers, students and the nation at large.
Educational administrators will be exposed to the various ways teachers contributed to examination malpractice. This will assist them to reprimand the offenders, which will serve as a deterrent to other teachers.
West African examination council will be made aware of how teachers contribute to examination malpractice. This will enable it to know the caliber of teachers to employ as its supervisors and invigilators.
Teachers will also benefit from this study as it will make them understand their faults and mistakes thereby realizing how they contribute in rescuing the standard of education.
The government will in the long run devise means of motivating and rewarding the teachers to enable them reflect any financial offer from students or parents in connection with examination malpractice.
Scope of the Study
Having seen the importance of this study and bearing in mind there are many people or groups that aid and what examination malpractice, also due to financial materials and time constraints, the researcher deemed it necessary to limit the study to the following;
The impact of teachers involvement only in secondary schools in Ebonyi State.
To effectively carryout this study, the impact of teacher’s involvement in examination malpractice on students in secondary schools in Ebonyi State with reference to Afikpo Educational Zone.
Certain assumptions have been made which led to the following research questions.
- What are the ways of identifying some examination malpractice among secondary school students in Ebonyi State?
- How can we examine the role of teachers in examination malpractice?
- What are the ways of curbing teacher’s examination malpractice especially in schools in Ebonyi State?
- What are the impacts of teacher’s involvement in examination malpractice?
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