Influence Of Parents Attitude Towards Female Educations In Ngbo West
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Education is the process of becoming critically aware of one’s reality in a manner that leads to effective action up it. An educated man/women understands his/her world well enough to deal will it effectively, such men/women if they existed in sufficient numbers would not leave the absurdities of the present world unchanged. In the opinion of Edukugho (2002), stated that prosperity of a country depends not on the abundance of its revenue, nor the strength of its, fortifications, but on the numbers of its cultivated citizens, men and women of education, enlightenment and character.
Women empowerment can only be achieved through the provision of adequate and functional education to the women folk. This is crucial because no matter how rich or vast a nation is, without an effective, efficient, adequate and financial educational for all its citizens (men and women) education which is relevant to its immediate needs goals and objectives such a nation would find it difficult to stand on its own. The brand of education being advocate is that type of education in which is embedded the spirit of self realization and all that needed for the country’s over all development like mass literacy, economic empowerment (Esere, 2001).
The need for women education is also informed by the fact that purposeful occupational achievement and satisfaction is ensured by deep self-awareness and understanding which can only be achieved through the provision of effective and functional education and/ on guidance and counseling. This, has been noted is likely to guarantee women empowerment with its root based on women struggle to improve their status. The empowerment suggested is such that entails the process of challenging power relations and of gaining wider control over source of power. This, however, cannot be achieved without the provision of reasonable access formal and functional education to the women folk. This is based on the premise that education has been adjudged to be a viable instrument of change in the positive direction.
In the spirit of universal basic education (UBE), provision of formal and functional education is needed for the women folk because: it would empower them to fight against every form of discrimination against their folk, assert themselves about their right to equal treatment with their men counterpart as bonfire citizens of this country, Nigeria, it will also empower them to known and ask for their right to education, health, shelter food, clothing,
However, the bane for women education in Nigeria especially in Ngbo west of Ebonyi state is entrenched in the nation’s new national policy on education which states inter-altar that:
With regards to women education special effort will be education made by ministries of education and local government authorities in conjunction with ministries of community development and social welfare and of information to encourage parents to send their daughters to school (FGN, 1998:14).
The tract reference made to women education in the national policy on education is contained in the primary section of the document; it must be observed here that no further reference was made to the provision of women education in this all important document on education.
Nagees (1995) opined that the absence of a policy statement on women education as reflected in the national policy on education (NPE), make NPE full short of women expectations and it amounts to a total disregard for that section of the population in this country.
The plight of women, in terms of education is further compounded by the negative attitude of parents towards female education. Some parents are usually reluctant to send their girl child for formal education especially to higher levels like their male counterpart. An open secret today that Nigeria women are educationally backward when compared with the male ones. According to (1991) national population census, women alone constitutive 49.790 of the overall population with 70% of this being illiterate. It has discovered also that 7% of Nigerian women 35 years and above are illiterate
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is regrettable and unfortunate that parental attitude towards their female children education particularly in Ngbo west development centre of Ebonyi state has attracted a lot of controversy and a great concern. Some parents in Ngbo west do not value female education, their prefer giving out their daughters to early marriage, their believe that educating female is wasting money and resources because after educating female child it become another man property and the parents has nothing to gain from educating the female once. This negative attitude of parents has drastically reduced the number of female folk in the female education and it has increased illiterate house wives to 70%. This is the problem this research work is set to evaluate.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY.
- This study is aimed at finding out the influence of poor attitude of parents toward education of female in Ngbo west development centre in Ebonyi state.
- The research also aimed at finding the factors that influence parents against female education in Ngbo west development centre in Ebonyi state.
- To find out if parental educational background has any remarkable influence on female education.
- Finally, to find out if parents encourage female education in Ngbo west development centre in Ebonyi state.
1.4 RELEVANCE OF THE STUDY.
The finding of this research will be useful to both parents and stakeholders in educational administration on the influence of parents attitude towards female education who will use this opportunity to encourage women education in our society.
Paradoxically, there are female ones that have the opportunity to attained high levels in education but couldn’t utilize it. So women will benefit from this study since it contains some relevant information that will encourage them to be more serious.
1.8 SCOPE OF THE STUDY.
This study concentrated on the influence to parents attitude towards on female education in Ebonyi state. Some communities will be sampled in Ngbo west development centre of Ebonyi state as area of the study.
1.9 RESEARCH QUESTIONS:
This research is aimed at answering the following questions.
- Has attitude of parents towards their female children any influence in their education?
- What are the factors that influence parents against female education in Ngbo west development centre in Ebonyi state?
- Has parental educational background any remarkable influence on female education?
- Do parents in Ngbo west development centre encourage female education?
2.1 CONCEPTUAL AND OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this research, the following are some of the frequently occurring words defined in which the researcher intends the reader to understand their usage in the research work. The words are education, women empowerment, literacy, gender, and motivation, moral
(1) Education: This is a process of training and instruction, especially of children and young people in schools which designed to sure knowledge and develop skills.
(2) Women empowerment: This means given women power, authority to act.
(3) Literacy: This means ability to read and write.
(4) Gender: This means the condition of being male or female.
(5) Motivation: This is a way of giving people what they merit, in order to put more on the work.
(6) Moral: The state of discipline and spirit in a person.