PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SELF-CONCEPT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN UMUAHIA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE

Abstract

This research work deals with the influence of Self-concept on the academic performance of secondary school students in Umuahia South Local Government Area of Abia State. A total of four research questions were formulated to guide the research. The type of research design used was survey research design, data collected was analysed using mean. The population of the study was 1, 584 students while a sample of 240 students were selected using simple random sampling technique for the study. The instrument for data collection was questionnaire. The questionnaire was made up of 20 items. And the research instrument were validated by 3 experts (lecturers) from faculty of Education Ebonyi State University Abakaliki. The findings revealed that self-concept influenced students’ performance in internal examination as well as external examination self-concept also has an influence on students’ ability to do assignment, and finally self-concept also influence students’ ability to do practical work. Based on the findings the researcher recommended that guidance and counselling services should be organized for both students and teachers on how to develop positive self-concept and equip teachers in such skills that will help students to reduce failure in both internal and external examinations. All stakeholders of education teachers, parents, government should contribute in enhancement of valued education.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

The way an individual perceives himself influences the way he behaves in interaction with the school environment, (Barbara, 2000). In other words, a person’s action is the outcome of the picture the person has of himself, his understanding of his abilities, capabilities, interest, values, achievements, needs as well as his limitations. Thus, a student who believes he cannot perform well in a particular school subject may not have much interest in the subject and will not put in much effort on the study of that subject as he would have in others. This agrees with Purkey (2000) who argues that the motive behind all behaviours is self. He also contends that people are constantly trying to behave in a manner which is consistent with the way they view themselves.

The issue of self-concept has over the years received increase in attention in education and psychological literature. Educationist and psychologist have generally agreed that self-concept has pervasive influence on the child’s total development Bledsoe (1964).

       Until the 1980’s, self-concept and other areas of attentive development received little systematic emphasis from educationists in Nigeria. The current emphasis on affective education and personal development however suggested the need for more efficient use of staff, time and resources to promote the affective growth adjustment of students.

       The term self-concept is primarily cognitive. It directs, controls and determines individual behaviour through what Cogers (2000) described as congruence between self as perceived and actual experience of what constitutes the self.

       Since the perception an individual has about himself or how he perceive himself is generally regarded as self-concept, it is therefore important to recognize and accommodate the existence of individual’s own unique cognitive style Brookover, and Patterson (2004), a psychologist made a point that an individual’s nature and welfare is important to the nation as well as the individual; therefore the individuals own unique cognitive style is what is known as self-concept. Self-concept (also called self-construction, self-identity or self-perspective) is a multi-dimensional construct that refers to an individual’s number of characteristics, such as academic and non-academic roles and sexuality, racial identity and many others.

       Academic performance for student particularly in science is still at the low rate for instance, only few students nowadays could make up to five credits at one setting. The introduction of National Examination Council (NECO) examination has not saved matters as one would expected, rather many students seem to be satisfied since they know that they have several opportunities to write WEAC and NECO examination. Some simply drop out of school and take to anti-social activities which threaten the survival of the society.

       Okoye (2005) argued that our self-concept level and will power determines how we perceive and tackle a given problem or learning tasks. He further said that some learners finally end up as school dropouts. Self-concepts correlate with the outcome that a person has obtained throughout the past and expected outcome of the future Mischel (2003).

       Self-concept may be defined as the totality of perceptions that each person has of himself and this self-identify plays an important role in the psychological functioning of everyone.

       Educationists cum psychologist agreed that self-concept has a pervasive influence on child’s total development. A child’s basic need to belong is reflected in his self-concept and a teacher has great opportunity to affect the way a child meets his need of belonging through his behaviour. Frank (2000) noted that behaviour is a reflection of a persons self-concept.

       Secondary school student’s irrespective of academic problem are faced with the crisis of knowing about themselves, having a negative self-concept and being able to answer some philosophical question like who am I ? What will I be in future, what type of life style am I expected to pursue and how can I reach my goal? Crises ensure about these secondary school students psychologist perception of themselves and their views about other people think of them base on their self-concept.

       It is worthy of note that some secondary school students even in an enriched and stimulating environment perform poorly in their academic work. It could be noted that negative self-concept brings about under achievement. Students with positive self-concept are those that show optimum about their potential for success in future, they are competent and believe in working and at the end of their programme they pass with good grade. The negative self-concept blame, have negative expectation toward competition they are the type which achieve nothing after the end of their program.

       According to Durojaiyi (2003) a person who has a positive self-concept think about his successes and good qualities while negative self-concept person think his failure and his inadequacies.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SELF-CONCEPT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN UMUAHIA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE

 Statement of the problem 

       The way an individual perceives himself influences the way he behaves in interaction with his academic environment, hence tend to create a gap for this study to provide the influence of self-concept on academic performance of secondary students in Umuahia South Local Government area of Abia State.

       Self-confidence and self-concept are required for a person to achieve success in all human endeavours. According to Asagwara (1999), one has to experience within oneself some feeling of capability and self trust to enable the person participate actively and efficiently in whatever one engages oneself. This view is in line with Okafor (2000) who refers to self-concept as the individual’s comprehensive evaluation of himself in terms of his abilities, attitudes, judgements and values, stressing further that if a student perceives himself as an academic failure his effort in study is affected disastrously. Where a student perceives himself as successful, this will affect his efforts in his academic work. Hence, students ability to dwell more on his success than on his failure gives way for academic success.

       This study is set to ascertain the influence of self-concept on academic performance of secondary students in Umuahia South Local Government area of Abia State.

Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study is to examine how self-concept influence academic performance of student in secondary school. Specifically, the purpose of this study is.

  1. To find out the influence of self-concept on students in secondary school performance in internal examination.
  2. To determine the influence of self-concept on students’ performance in external examination.
  3. To determine the influence of self-concept on students’ performance in their ability to do assignment correctly.
  4. To find out the influence of self-concept on students’ performance in their ability to do their practical work.

Significance of the study

   The result of this study would go a long way in making the authorities concerned recognize the importance of self-concept as a tool for academic performance in secondary school.

To the students, it will enable them assume more responsibility for assessing learning process and outcomes and as a result, help them to gain more knowledge and understanding of what is being taught by the teachers. This as it affects students’ performance is narrowed down to the students’ individual perception as well as other factors that either motivates or demotivates the students’ learning outcome.

To the teachers, it could be said that Increase in students’ academic performance will motivate the teacher, hence increasing productivity. This study will help to discover that higher self-concept is necessary in secondary schools students’ academic performance in school.

Scope of the study

   This study covers the influence of self-concept on academic performance of secondary school students in Umuahia South Local Government Area of Abia State. In term of scope and content, the study covered the influence of self-concept on students in internal and external ability to do assignment and practical work among secondary school students in Umuahia South Local Government Area of Abia State.

Research Questions

The following research questions guided the study:

(a). How does self-concept influence academic performance of students in internal examination?

(b). How does self-concept influence academic performance of students in external examination?

(c). How does self-concept influence academic performance of students in their ability to do assignment correctly?

(d). How does self-concept influence academic performance of students in their ability to do practical?

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SELF-CONCEPT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN UMUAHIA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE

TO GET THE FULL PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX OR DOWNLOAD INSTANTLY, PAY N5000 Via: BANK
BANKACCOUNT NAME
ACCOUNT NUMBER
DIAMOND BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
007 031 2905
FIDELITY BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
560 028 4107
GTBFREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION013 772 5121
ZENITH BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
101 326 3297
OR Pay Online with ATM
After Payment, you can use the chat app at the right hand side of your browser to download the material immediately or Text Name, Title of project paid for, your email address to 08060755653.FOR PAYPAL USERS OR INTERNATIONAL
Bitcoin Payment for material purchase

0 thoughts on “PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SELF-CONCEPT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN UMUAHIA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>