PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SUPERVISION ON THE MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NKANU WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

Abstract

The primary objective of this research is to identify the influence of supervision on the management of secondary schools in Nkanu West Local Government Area of Enugu State. The role and objectives of supervision is to identify the levels of cooperation between principals, teachers and supervisors and the effect of supervision in the administration of secondary schools. This study adopted a survey design. Copies of questionnaires were given out to principals, teachers and students in the selected seven secondary schools in Nkanu West Local Government Area. Four research questions were formulated to guide the researcher in the investigations and they were answered  using simple frequency table and mean. The findings show that supervision improves teaching and learning in secondary schools, teachers’ attitudes to supervision determines the effectiveness of supervision, poor supervision in schools makes the educational system to collapse, school supervision determines the performance and behaviours of the students in the society. Based on the findings implications and recommendations suggestion for further studies were made.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

There has been an increasing demand on educational institutions for qualitative education with the emergence of the 21st Century. For this reason, the place of supervision of instruction becomes indispensable. However, many years ago, there had been rapid expansion of Nigerian secondary school educational system in the bid to equip a good number of people with basic knowledge and skills which would facilitate their interaction with the members of the society.

Awoyemi (1984) opined that many factors brought about this expansion. They are: politics, expansion of primary schools, government acceptance of Ashby Report on the need to increase the number of secondary schools, revision of the curricula and the provision of technical education before the Nigerian independence in 1960. Ten years later, there was what could be regarded as joint management of secondary schools by government and the voluntary agencies.

After the civil war, the East Central State government in 1970 passed the Pubic Education Edict which handed over the control of secondary schools in the state to the government. Other states of the federation quickly followed suit. This culminated in what could be described as the dawn of rapid expansion in secondary education as many communities and wealthy individuals established secondary schools which they handed over to their various state

governments for management. With the operation of the educational policy, the Nigerian secondary education has become a two-tier programme. The federal government introduced the 6-3-3-4 system of education designed to make education functional in the country as stipulated in FGN (2004). The educational system in the secondary schools is divided into two parts-three years in junior secondary school and three years in senior secondary school.

The 6-3-3-4 system of education is the most remarkable development in Nigerian secondary education system with far reaching implications for supervision of instruction in the secondary schools. It follows therefore, that for the lofty dreams of the current Nigerian secondary education system to be realised, there is the need for effective supervision of instructional activities.

The question then is, “what is supervision and what form has it always taken in our educational system in the years past?” It is important to note that supervision is as old as education itself, especially in the Nigerian context. Fafunwa (1984) defined supervision as the primary objective of the early Christian missionaries to convert the heathen and the Africans to Christianity via education, knowledge of the bible, recitation of catechism etc.

He went further to observe that the administration of the schools were then under the leadership of missionary proprietors. The proprietors were then sole managers and supervisors of their schools. Between 1870 and 1876, the colonial government in Lagos made unsustained attempts to assist some of the missionaries in their educational work.

For instance, the colonial government once earmarked the sum of £300 for the support of the missions which no record showed was ever remitted to them, owing perhaps to lack of funds. Supervision here can better be understood by taking a look at an organisation. In an organisation, interaction is bound to take place and as such, there is need for this interaction or activities to be directed or supervised by a person or group of persons.

In like manner, since most activities occurring in human enterprises usually involve people, there is always the need for direction which is given in the form of supervision in order to achieve the aims and objectives of that enterprise. In this way, organisations such as hospitals, schools, industries and similar organisations require one form of supervision or the other.

Supervision as simply explained is concerned with helping, directing, advising and guiding the subordinate in order to maximise his productivity. However, we have more specific definitions of supervision as given by authorities in the field of educational administration, supervision and inspection. Nwaogu (1980) defines supervision as “the process of bringing about improvement in instruction by working with people who are working with students”.

The author went further to remark that it is a process of stimulating growth and means of helping teachers to help teachers to help themselves. Wiles (1975) on his own part defines it as “the release of human potentials that make available a more competent staff to conduct the human interaction that was called education”. Supervision could also be taken to mean all efforts of designated school officials directed towards providing leadership to teachers and other

educational workers in improvement of instruction. It involves the stimulation of professional growth and development of teachers, the selection and revision of educational objectives, the materials of instruction and methods of teaching and evaluation of instruction (Good, 1989). Supervision is geared towards the achievement of the goals of the educational enterprises.

Its ultimate purpose is the promotion and development of favourable setting for teaching, learning and stimulation, overseeing and appraisal of activities which lead to the realisation of instructional goals at a reasonable qualitative level. How far these fine ideas of supervision have been achieved or is being achieved in secondary schools within the designated scope of this project (Nkanu West L.G.A) is the primary focus of this research work.. This study is specifically designed to evaluate the influence of supervision in secondary schools within the chose zones.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SUPERVISION ON THE MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NKANU WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

Statement of the Problem

The urge to embark on this research was stimulated by the shortcomings in terms of academic standard in most of our educational institutions, especially the secondary schools. The researcher’s persistent observations have revealed that at the classroom level, there is a general apathy on the part o teachers towards their work, they exhibit serious lack of commitment to their duty, show feelings of despair, dejection and frustration all because nobody seems to be

taking the issue of supervision serious any more. At the school administrative level, the principal charged with internal supervision of teachers under them leave much to be desired in terms of effective execution of their responsibilities. Some school principals lack the necessary human relations for effective leadership of their subordinates.

Such principals often jettison the guidelines for supervision issued by the relevant education authorities in preference to methods guided by their personal whims and caprices. The problem of this study therefore is “what is the influence of supervision on the management of secondary schools in Nkanu West Local Government Area of Enugu State.

Purpose of study

The main purpose of the study is to find out the influence of supervision on principals administrative practices in secondary schools in Nkanu West L. G. Area of Enugu State. Specifically the purposes of this study are:-

  1. To find out the impact of supervision on principals administration in secondary schools in Nkanu West Local Government Area.
  2. To find out if poor supervision in Nkanu west local government area hinders principals management practices.
  3. To determine whether teachers attitudes to supervision influences principals administrative practices in schools in Nkanu.
  4. To determine whether school supervision affects students’ discipline in schools in Nkanu west L.G.A.

Significance of the Study

Any research project of this type should be significant to several parties with vested interest in the research topic. This particular study is no exception to the above rule. In this regard, this study will be of benefit to certain individuals and groups within and outside the educational system of the country. The beneficiaries of this study are as follows: the government, policy makers, principals, teachers, students and other researchers who intend to embark on similar research.

The government will benefit immensely from this study as the study will bring to bear the influence of supervision in the management of secondary schools. Since the study will go a long way to evaluate the influence of supervision in secondary school management and recommendations espoused, the government will be guided properly as it concerns the formulation and implementation of educational policies as regards supervision.

The principals will also benefit from the study as the study will reveal effective and efficient measures of supervision to them. The teachers are not left out as they will become more serious with their jobs knowing quite well that monitoring teams will always visit schools to supervise their activities and punishment meted out to offenders accordingly.

The students will also benefit from the study as it will improve the standard of education in schools. For instance, if supervisors are regular, the teachers will teach the courses they are supposed to teach and at the right time thereby covering the scheme of work which improves the performance of the students and thereby making parents to be encouraged in sending their children to school. The study will be of benefit to other researchers who intend to embark on similar research as it will serve as a reference document.

Scope of the Study

This study is limited to Nkanu West Local Government Area. The study focused on supervision in relation to management of secondary school in the LGA. The principals and teachers formed the population of the research.

Research Questions

This research work is aimed at producing answers to the following research questions.

  1. What is the impact of supervision on principals administrative practices in secondary schools in Nkanu west K.G.A of Enugu State.
  2. How does poor supervision in Nkanu West LGA militate against principals management practices.
  3. How does teachers’ attitude to supervision affect principals administrative practices in schools in Nkanu west L.G.A of Enugu state.
  4. How does school supervision affect students’ discipline in schools in Nkanu West LGA?

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF SUPERVISION ON THE MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NKANU WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

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