Our Blog

List of recently published project topics and materials

KNOWLEDGE OF THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI L.G.A OF EBONYI STATE  

KNOWLEDGE OF THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI L.G.A OF EBONYI STATE

 Abstract

This study investigated the Knowledge Of The Causes And Consequences Of Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Secondary School Students In Abakaliki L.G.A Of Ebonyi State. Four research questions were used to guide the study. It adopted descriptive survey research design. A population of 4190 students was used. A stratified random sampling techniques was used through which 365 sample size were selected using Taro Yamane analytical procedure since the total population (4190) of the study were known and below 10,000. Data was collected using self structured questionnaire. Test-retest approach was used to determine the reliability of the instrument. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentage. From the analysis the researcher made the following findings: Secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State do not have knowledge of the causes and preventive measures of sexually transmitted infections while they accepted that they have knowledge of the sources and consequences of sexually transmitted infections. Based on the findings, it was concluded that secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State do not have knowledge of the causes and preventive measures of sexually transmitted infections. Therefore, the researcher recommends among other things that health educators should organize seminars, conferences, workshops to educate secondary school students to abstain from sexual intercourse or maintain one sex partners to avoid the risk of contracting the infection.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Aka, viral diseases and sometimes referred to as sexually transmitted infections, are conditions that involve the transmission of infectious organism between sex partners. More than 20 different STIs have been identified (Lucas and Gilles, 2010).

Adolescents, defined by World Health Organization as persons between 10 and 19 years of age, constitute about 20% of the world’s population (World Health Organization., 2004). In Nigeria, as in other parts of the world, adolescents constitute a significant proportion of the population. Estimates from the 1991 census indicate that adolescents and young adults, aged between 15-24 years account for approximately 20.4% of the Nigerian population (National Population Commission., 2005).

Studies also revealed that over 90% of adolescents and young adults have become sexually active by the age of 20years in Nigeria, with a large proportion of these occurring with casual and non- conjugal relationships, thereby increasing their vulnerability to several sexual and reproductive problems (Onwuezobe, 2013).

Emerging data about the high incidence of sexual activity among adolescents suggest that factors that influence this include, socio- economic deprivations, parental inadequacies, peer pressure, effects of cultural changes and modernization and media influence (Ajuwon, Olley , Akin-Jimoh  and Akintola, 2008).

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that are spread primarily through person-to-person sexual contact. There are more than 30 different sexually transmissible bacteria, viruses and parasites with the most common ones being Gonorrhea, Chlamydia infection, Syphilis, Trichomoniasis, Canchroids, Granuloma inguinale, Candidiasis, Genital herpes, Genital warts, Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and Hepatitis B infection (Balogun, 2014).

Several, in particular HIV and syphilis, can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth, and through blood products and tissue transfer. The clinical features of these diseases are varied with many being asymptomatic. On the other hand, HIV/AIDS may be accompanied by symptoms such as fever, weight loss, chronic diarrohea, skin rash and other non specific symptoms (World Health Organization., 2012).

STIs including HIV/AIDS have been reported to be disproportionately high among young people in Nigeria. Report reveals that about 50% of new HIV infections in Nigeria occur in people between 15-25 years of age (Da Ros, 2014). A deluge of intervention activities that focus on increasing awareness and encouraging changes in behaviour have been put in place.

However, there is evidence that many still lack adequate information about STIs and HIV/AIDS (National Intelligence Council, 2015).In the 2013 National Demographic Health Survey (NDHS), respondents who had ever had sexual intercourse were asked if in the past 12.months they experienced a disease acquired through sexual contact or if they experienced either of two symptoms associated with STIs: a bad-smelling, abnormal discharge from the vaginal or penis or a genital sore or ulcer.

The results showed self-reported prevalence of STIs and STI symptoms among women and men. Overall, 8 percent of women and 4 percent of men reported having had an STI or experiencing STI symptoms during the 12 months preceding the survey.

Four percent of women reported having an STI; 6 percent had a bad-smelling, abnormal discharge, and 3 percent had a genital sore or ulcer. The prevalence of STIs and STI symptoms is highest among never-married women (15 percent). Women in urban areas are slightly more likely than women in rural areas to have had an STI or STI symptoms.

The prevalence of STIs or STI symptoms among women is higher in the South East (15 percent) than in other zones. It is of interest that one in three women (32percent) in Kaduna reported having an STI or STI symptoms. Women who have attended school are more than twice as likely to report STIs or STI symptoms as women with no education. Among men, 2 percent reported having an STI in the past 12 months; 2 percent had a bad smelling, abnormal discharge, and 1 percent had a genital sore or ulcer.

The highest prevalence of self reported. STIs or STI symptoms among men (14 percent) was recorded in Zamfara and Imo.

In Ebonyi State, the Number of adolescents who ever had sexual intercourse was 900 according to the 2013 NDHS. Out of this number, 7.7 % reported having STIs, 17% reported having or experiencing bad smelling/ abnormal genital discharge, 2.3% reported STI/abnormal discharge from penis/ sore or ulcer.

Also, 269 were the numbers of young men who ever had sexual intercourse, out of this, 0.6% reported having Genital sore/ulcer while 2.3% reported having STI/ abnormal discharge from penis/sore or ulcer (National Demographic Health Survey, 2013).

KNOWLEDGE OF THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI L.G.A OF EBONYI STATE

Statement of the Problem

Sexually transmitted infections are on the increase. Many people are infected. This has lead to the untimely death of many people, young and old alike. Government has mounted a serious campaign that would help to check the increase in STls. It has introduced sex education in schools to help in enlightening the young ones on how STIs can be contracted and the consequences of contracting STIs. Much money has been spent on such programmes by. the government. Despite the efforts of the government, the problem of STIs has not been solved.

Sexually transmitted infections have posed a problem for the entire country particularly the youths due to their poor moral standard and ignorance. This is because majority of our youths live their lives recklessly and also are uneducated particularly in the rural areas. In view of this and other available records, this study specifically, seeks to find out the knowledge of the causes and consequences of sexually transmitted infections among secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A.

 

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to find out the knowledge of the causes and consequences of sexually transmitted infections among secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study sought to determine

  • Whether secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State have knowledge on the causes of sexually transmitted infections
  • Whether secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State have knowledge on the sources of information about sexually transmitted infections
  • Whether secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State have knowledge of the consequences of sexually transmitted infections
  • Whether secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State have knowledge on the preventive measures of sexually transmitted infections.

 

 

Significance of the Study

The study is considered an important one because schools and families will understand their individual and collective roles in helping their youths not to get infested with STIs. The nation at large Will equally take on her responsibilities to ensure that these helpless youths are properly sensitized so as not be deceived in rio sexual dealings or Illicit love affairs that result in STls.

The study may be justified also on the contributions it will make to the general body of knowledge as a useful reference f material for consultation, in guidance and counseling in general and to schools and families in particular.

Scope of the Study

This study was delimited to the knowledge of the causes and consequences of sexually transmitted infections among secondary school students in Abakaliki LG.A of Ebonyi State. The study also examined the causes, sources, consequences and preventive measures as variable under study.

 

 

 

Research Questions

The following research questions were posed to guide the study:

  • Do secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State have knowledge of the causes of sexually transmitted infections?
  • Do secondary school students in Abakaliki LGA of Ebonyi State have knowledge of the sources of information about sexually transmitted infections?
  • Do secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State have knowledge of the consequences of sexually transmitted infections?
  • Do secondary school students in Abakaliki L.G.A of Ebonyi State have knowledge of the preventive measures of sexually transmitted infections?

    KNOWLEDGE OF THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ABAKALIKI L.G.A OF EBONYI STATE

 

TO GET THE FULL PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX OR DOWNLOAD INSTANTLY, PAY N5000 Via: BANK
BANKACCOUNT NAME
ACCOUNT NUMBER
DIAMOND BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
007 031 2905
FIDELITY BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
560 028 4107
GTBFREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION013 772 5121
ZENITH BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
101 326 3297
OR Pay Online with ATMAfter Payment, you can use the chat app at the right-hand side of your browser to download the material immediately or Text Name, Title of the project paid for, your email address to 08060755653.Do you prefer paying with Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash or LiteCoin?

Hits: 69

Was the material helpful? Comment below. Need the material? Call 08060755653.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.