PROJECT TOPIC- ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS TEACHING AS A PROFESSION A SURVEY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF EBONYI STATE

ABSTRACT

The contribution of teachers in the advancement of any society is unquestionable, but the treatment accorded to them by ours youths is that of apathy which resented them in taking to teaching profession. In view of the attitude of the Government towards teaching and that of the students and entire public, one doubts the prospects or future of teaching profession and education in general in our country. In carrying out this research, the researcher concentrated in investigating the reasons for the secondary school student’s disenchantment in taking to teaching as a career in Afikpo south local government area of Ebonyi state. Two instruments were used to collect the data for this study. This consists of questionnaires for obtaining adequate information from students and the use of library for materials used in the review of related literature. However, there are some articles by educationists, philosophers, psychologists, sociologists etc, reflecting causes of lack of interest in teaching by students. Percentages were used in analyzing the data collected. The scores obtained were summed up and entered in tables. Therefore, it becomes necessary to have a survey of; the reasons for the secondary school students’ neglect of teaching profession; the effects this general apathy will have on our secondary schools and the possible recommendation that will make our youths take to teaching after their secondary school career. From my investigation, it was observed that many problems ranging from apathy by the general public (low status accorded to teachers) to that of utter neglect by the government who is expected to protect the teacher’s interest. All these are making the profession unattractive to our secondary school students. It is my believe that, for any educational programme of the state to succeed, their is the need for highly qualified, competent, skilled and devoted teaching staff. Finally I call on government to uplift the working condition of services of teachers, stop over-politicization of matters pertaining to teachers and revive the dwindling image of teaching profession to its enviable position. There will invariably change the attitude of secondary school students towards teaching for better.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Teaching profession in Nigeria has its humble beginning from the early Christian missionaries who employed the local clergy, catechists by readers and pious or Godly teachers that would minister to the needs of their own people. Before the introduction of the formal or western type of education by the Christian missionaries, the various ethnic groups and societies in Nigeria had informal system of

education with identical aims and objectives even though the methods of teaching the young ones varied from one ethnic group to another because of geographical, historical and socio-cultural differences. Achunine (1997:61) quoting Webster’s new Twentieth century Dictionary defined Teaching as; “the action of a person who teaches, the profession instruction”.

It is the authors view that, it concerns with doing something for an individual, which will result a change in behaviour of the individual. Teaching is society’s way of ensuring that the young will be alerted to the cultural heritage as a base for continuing and improving the culture. The author sees teaching as both an art and a science that uses methods to shape behaviour.

Nwadike (1996:17) quoting Bishop Ochiagha in his write up said that “the ecclesiastical influence as well as other voluntary agencies on education attracted the envy or interest of some public functionaries who felt the Government should be the sole custodian of education and educators”. Accordingly, religious education was vetoed out of existence in our schools.

Also, a new image of the teacher emerged. Today it is commonplace to see indolent and criminally truant teachers who are miserably and morally, bankrupt. The result is predictable; riots, violence, indiscipline, examination malpractices and unhealthy fraternities. At the moment our schools and colleges amidst irregular academicals activities also serve as sanctuaries for hemp smoking, raping and all facets of promiscuity.

Ukeje (1966:7) Crowns the standard of teaching profession in Nigeria by saying that, “it is very bad for any country to have its best brains to control all the important aspects of life in a nation but to have its poorest brains to educate its youths. We are aware of the place of secondary school education in manpower development as it relates to teaching.

It is not an over-statement to say that these secondary school students are the raw materials we have to invest in our manpower development. This is why I have chosen to view their attitude towards teaching as a career, because, this is a take-off stage to one’s chosen career.

PROJECT TOPIC- ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS TEACHING AS A PROFESSION A SURVEY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF EBONYI STATE

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
  1. There is shortage of teachers in our schools these days due to either old age retirement or attrition from the profession to other job. The future of the children will be gloomy, because their education will be taken care of by incompetent hands or quacks in the teaching profession.
  2. Generally, secondary school students detest teaching profession for law, medicine Engineering and Business.
  3. Teachers have been portrayed as talkative, asters, impoverished individuals. This unwholesome attitude towards teachers by the public has dissuaded secondary school student from taking teaching as a profession.
  4. Teachers significantly influence the lives of virtually everyone in any given place. Yet in spite of the magnitude of this influence, there is wide spread misconception concerning the nature of teaching and the professional status of teachers.
  5. There is poor treatment of teachers by the Government. The various tiers of Government appear to treat all matters pertaining to teaching last. There are adverse commentary about teaching profession in our print and electronic media. The teacher’s children, practicing teachers and the students they teach have not spared criticizing teachers. This forms a negative attitude towards teaching profession in Nigeria.
    • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study, is drawn from the above stated problems which deemed it necessary to have as survey of;

  • The reason for the disenchantment among our secondary school students as regards taking teaching as their career.
  • The effects this disenchantment will have on our secondary schools students.
  • The possible recommendations to make our youths take to teaching after their secondary school career.
  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This research is meant to investigate and identify these problems which have led to secondary school students lack of interest in teaching as a career. The problem being investigated and identified is this: The impression of secondary school students on teaching as career. By the end of this study, it will enable the Education system know the reasons for the disinterestedness of the secondary school students in the teaching profession and know the solution to these problems.

It will also enable all administrators’ work towards the solutions that will be mentioned in this research so as to encourage the students to take to teaching profession. If all these are done teachers will be motivated to work harder. They will realize that it is their duty to see to the future moulding of their students, thereby improving the academic performance of the secondary school students.

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions were posed to guide the study:

  • What attributed to the disenchantment among our secondary school students as regards to taking teaching as their career?
  • Does this disenchantment have any effects on our secondary schools students?
  • Do the societal attitude towards teaching as a profession makes it unattractive to our secondary school students.
  • What are the possible recommendations to make our youths take to teaching after their secondary school career.
  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The researcher concentrated on investigation or finding the reason for the secondary school students lack of interest in taking Teaching as a career with a particular reference to some selected secondary school’s in Afikpo south Local government of Ebonyi State. Indeed, these selected schools are not the only secondary schools in Ebonyi state and also not the only prewar schools in Ebonyi State, but for the purpose of this study and time limit, they were chosen.

PROJECT TOPIC- ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS TEACHING AS A PROFESSION A SURVEY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AFIKPO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF EBONYI STATE

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