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Background to the Study

Education is a process that develops the intellectual abilities, skills and attitudes of individuals. The development will enable the individual to contribute positively to the development of his environment. Education could be acquired formally, non-formally and informally. Formal education is carried out in schools. The instruction is normally carried out through teaching by the teacher and learning by the teacher.

Both teaching and learning normally take pace in the classroom Doemenanm and Ibiam (2006). When western education came into Nigeria, which was chiefly through the activities of the early missionary workers there were misconceptions about its introduction to the people. However, for many, it was believed that the missionaries introduced education primarily to propagate the gospel. This is in support with the finding of Ikoro and Ugadu (2005) that the missionary came purposely for the following.

  1. They came to Nigerian in order to use the school as a mean of converting Africans to the Christian faith.
  2. To enable covert to read, write and understand the bible.
  3. To produce teachers, catechist and pastors.
  4. To substitute African civilization with European civilization so that the African will behave like the European.
  5. To give moral and character training to Africans.

In the words of Nwite (2013), the purpose of teaching is that learning should take place teaching may occur both within the four walls of the classroom, or it may take place outside the conventional classroom situation. Classroom in this context is limited to the design place of instruction whether instructions is held inside or outside the classroom, there is need for effective organization, control and management of the class to achieve the goals and objective of the school.

In the same line, Akumah (2008), add that the secret of the life of education is good organization that works smoothly and effectively toward attainment of educational goals. Purposeful administrative depends on effective organization. The organizing phase of the administrators work follows after planning and precedes other administration delegating, etcetera.

In another development, Nwite (2013), stated that teaching is much more than mere verbal communication of knowledge by the teacher.

Teachers functions in the classroom as leaders whose influences come to bear on the learner of self confidence, self-respect and self control in order to perform their duties creditably. Professionally, their responsibilities include not any the organization of learning experience but also the organization of the physical classroom environment (Ada cited in Nwite 2013). Moreover, teachers manage pupils behaviour and learning tasks learning is a permanent change in behaviour which results from active training or observation (Onwuka 1981).

In addition, Nwite (2013), said that it is characterized by acquisition and utilization of new knowledge. These new knowledge required by pupils/students are ideas, skills, values and experiences hence, the need for a class teacher and the school to properly organize and manage the classroom. For a class teacher and the school to properly organize and manage the classroom for learning to take place.

Therefore, if the school should achieve the expected objectives, the classroom has to be skillfully managed by the teacher and effectively supervised by the school administrator that is the principal or head teacher. According to Nsude (1999), a classroom is taken to be both institution and a process A classroom is an because it has the collection of teachers and pupils with the objective of educating the children. Also according to him, a classroom is also a process because there are many parts in the classroom that would ensured effective learning for example, desks, charts, timetable, teaching aids, instructional materials, records of work and soon.

If these things are well coordinated, learning is facilitated. Odoemenam and Ibiam (20060, agreed that the classroom is a place where student assemble for the purpose of teaching and learning. It holds the students together and gives them the opportunity to interact with one another. Majasan in Odemenan and Ibiam (2006) defined the classroom as the teacher’s theatre of operation a place which makes or mars his caver a place where he is happy to be if he teaches with confidence.

The classroom is also a place where children are motivated to grow physically, intellectually, and emotionally by a caring teacher. The classroom is also a place where the teachers. The classroom is also a place where the teachers knowledge of the subject matter, his organization of the environment, his control of learning situations, his motivation of pupil and the achievement of goals work together to ensure the type of education he society needs for development.

Classroom management is defined as the art of or process of tactfully, controlling, organizing, coordinating, reporting maintaining and bringing various elements, people, things, situation to pupils achieve the set-out goals of instruction in the classroom in particular and in the school environment in general (Onele, Odoh and Ogba, 2006). Onele, Odoh and Ogba (2006) also reported that classroom management also includes tasks occurring frequent.

The teacher cannot and must not attempt to do everything himself if he or she tries to do so; the teacher is undermining the changes of partnership and confidence between himself and students. A good manager shares or delegate power to other members of the organization. The advises, coordinates those he entrusted power unto.

 In the same vein, Akubue (1991), summarize classroom management as the art of organizing the classroom so that the work of teaching and learning proceed without unnecessary loss of time and energy it is the orchestration of classroom life which includes planning curriculum, organizing procedures and resources setting the time of the classroom environment to maximize learning, monitoring students process and anticipating potential problems.

Akumah (2008), said that is note worthy that improvement of instruction depends on the ability of the principal to perform those functions that would enhance teaching and learning. This entails that the activities of the school administrator are directed towards the primary responsibility of proving administrative support services needed to achieve the goals of instruction in terms of which are effective teaching and learning.

This is supported with the findings of Odoemenam and Ibiam (2006) who founded that one the teacher’s basic duties is keeping a disciplined and an orderly classroom. This will create a conducive atmosphere for effective teaching and learning to take place. The essence of good classroom management is to aid good, effective and efficient teaching and learning the teacher should therefore organize and manage his class properly.However, according to Ikoro, (2004), certain problems guard against good classroom management and organization in various institutions of learning they include;

  1. Lack of facilities and equipment.
  2. Lack of qualified staff both academic and non-academic.
  3. Admission of students with poor academic standard into secondary schools.
  4. Inadequate instructional materials like computers, television sets, radio sets, calendars to mention but a few.
  5. Inadequate financing by the government.

The above aforementioned factors affect staff and students of institution of learning in one way or the other.

In the words of Akuhue in Nwite (2013), classroom management is concerned with uqiety of activities in the class with the purpose of engaging students appropriately in activities towards achieving the teachers goals and objectives such classroom activities are simple, clerical duties, ordering, distributing classroom materials, routine order, monitoring individual attention and other on-going classroom events are among teachers functions that facilitate teaching and learning observations of these classroom management skill in a given class shows that the teachers need to have high student achievement and high achievement and high level of student engagement in classroom instructions. Classroom management in education administration involves activities of curriculum planning classroom Eitos, monitoring students’ progress and anticipating potential problems.

Classroom management in any school setting is vital, it promote learning and teaching, it will manage students in secondary schools in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi state are not encourage in their learning environment. This will make them to constitute the illiterate fathers in the society. It is against this background that the researcher wishes to carryout a study into assessing problems of classroom management in secondary schools in Izzi local government area of Ebonyi state.


Statement of the Problem

Education is the key holder of any nation on earth. The social, political physical and technological development of any nation is basically determined by the educational level of that nation the quantity and quality of manpower development of the citizens of any nation is as well determined by the level of good education available in that given country. It also influences greatly the quality of formal education that could be given.

However, improperly directed and controlled classroom environment lead to multiplicity of problems such as waste of time, development of negative attitude by students, damage of school.

Little or no attention is being given to proffering solutions to the problems of classroom management in secondary schools. This has given the researcher the cause to embark on the study of assessing the problems of classroom management in secondary schools in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Purpose of the Study

       The general purpose of this study is to identify the prevailing and predominant problems of classroom management in secondary schools in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The following specific purposes are derived from the above main purpose;

  1. To examine how lack of facilities and equipment affect the classroom management.
  2. To identify how lack of qualified staff affect the classroom management.
  3. Investigate how inadequate instructional materials can affect the classroom management.
  4. Determine the consequences of not managing a classroom well.

Significance of the Study

       It is expected that this study will be of a great help to the following people:

       Social administrators (principals), students, guidance counselors and the government.

Principals: This will be of benefit to the principals because it will guide them to discipline the school teachers in their school activities. It also creates favourable conditions to facilitate, the principal, and teacher relationship. It guikens the principal to be aware of good rapport between students and their class teachers.

Teachers: It helps the teacher as a manager to manage students learning materials and learning environment. It saves the teachers time and regulate the mis-behaviour of the students.

Students: It motivate the students in their learning process it prepare them to achieve the set objective with teacher at the end of a lesson. It helps them to take note of their responsibilities in the classroom. It builds student-teacher relationship.

Guidance counselors: It will help the school counselors to offer guidance counseling to the students with human and sensitivity.

Government: The government will be able to monitor the school system and post qualify teachers to teach will instructional

Materials: This will enhance the knowledge of student in time it help also the government to channel adequate fund in area of education for quick and suitable development of nation relied more on the human resource people that are trained in education.

Scope of the Study

       The study focuses on the identification of the issues and problems of classroom management in secondary schools in Izzi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The study covers all the thirteen (13) secondary school in the local government.

Research Questions

  1. How does lack of facilities and equipment affect the classroom management?
  2. How does lack of qualified staff affect the class management?
  3. How does inadequate instructional materials affect the classroom management?
  4. What are the consequences of not managing a classroom well?



  1. ghazal December 19, 2015

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