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PROJECT MATERIAL ON INFLUENCE OF HOME BACKGROUND ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT MATERIAL ON INFLUENCE OF HOME BACKGROUND ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

Abstract

This research work examined the influence of home background on the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. In carrying out this research, a total of one hundred and fifty questionnaires were prepared and distributed to randomly selected students. Research questions were proposed from which the researcher derived the items in the questionnaires. The findings showed that a good and well maintained home background free from obstacles has a positive effect on students’ academic achievement. Home has been found to be the bedrock of all educational activities and when good, becomes an asset to students’ educational attainment and a powerful factor, that sustain effective educational achievement. From the research findings also, one can equally discover the importance of home background, which will reflect in the positive educational attainment.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

In Nigeria or African as a whole, the home is the starting point of education or socialization of every human being. The home comprises of the family and its various members. The home is a social institution and an important unit or structure which holds people together in the society in or order to fulfill certain needs of humanity. It is the first contact spot where the child finds himself or herself after birth.

The home being a primary social institution shapes the child into a human being. The home remains a prominent feature of every society. The society molds the home into functional forms and it in turn contributes greatly to the success of the society to which they belong. The home prepares future citizens, nurtures and maintains adults who engage in the daily businesses of the society.

The home is a training and rearing base for every child and how a home or family handles her own offspring’s has a lot of impact on the child’s way of life as well as his or her academic performance. It has an effect on their behavioral patterns. This is because the home determines its members’ quality of life and by so doing becomes a determinant factor in assessment of its members either for good or for bad (NTI, 2007).

It is now assumed that the experiences which children gain during the course of their upbringing at home contribute in a large extent to their socialization and personality development (Alumode, 2002). The type of experience a child gains during the course of his or her upbringing at home is determined by the type of home which he finds himself. For instance, a child that comes from a home where both parents are highly educated will always enjoy better educational opportunities. This is because such parents are already aware of the value of education in the society and will not hesitate to provide the best educational opportunities for their children.

Secondly, family size is another factor which constitutes an influence on the academic performance of students in school. In a home where the children are so numerous, their parents may find it difficult to cater for all of them in terms of feeding, access to better educational institution and provision of academic requirements. Most at times, we find out that these children may not be given the opportunity of early schooling which comes inform of Nursery or kindergarten that help children acquire some insight into what is obtained in primary and post-primary education, and by not doing so, it may affect their academic performance in future. The children that have normal family because the lesser the family size, the lesser the family problems.

Another factor that may influence students’ academic performance in school is their family income status: The income status of parents determines the sustainability of their wards. Parents that enjoy high income status provide most of their children’s academic needs such as all recommended textbooks and other learning materials. They ensure that their children study in a well equipped secondary schools with qualified teachers and in good learning conditions.

Those parents with low income status feel reluctant when asked to pay fees for their children. This is not because they do not know the value of education, or that they don’t want the best educational opportunities for their children but because they are financially handicapped and cannot afford to give their children quality education. The issue of broken homes is another serious factor in the family that could negatively influence students’ academic performance in our society today.

A child that comes from a broken home finds it difficult to cope with school activities. He or she tacks concentration and he may be weighed down by problems at home, and by so doing suffers academic failure most of the times. It has been discovered that several factors militate against our academic achievement although few investigations have be carried out on this issue previously.

Ezeuwa (1981) found that numerous factors within the home environment influence the students’ academic performance in schools. It may be necessary to argue the fact that some students having parents with high socio-economic background perform well academically. This is owing to the fact that they enjoy better stimulating environment, whereas some schools of thought argued that students whose parents operate in a low occupation and income status may equally perform better academically.

On the contrary, most students of illiterate parents, having known that their parents are academically poor will struggle to improve thereby changing the academic standard and quality of life of their home. The above facts give impetus to the researcher to investigate whether actually the mentioned factors in the home background influence students academic performances.

PROJECT MATERIAL ON INFLUENCE OF HOME BACKGROUND ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

Statement of the Problem

Poor academic performance is a big problem and a great challenge to the students, teachers, parents and the entire society. Academic failure is one of the problems teachers are contending with in spite of their effort and experiences in the classroom. Some students respond positively when an assignment is given to be done at home while others respond negatively. Nwakpa (2005) notes that when students were asked to bring materials from home which was intended to facilitate learning and in turn their performances, many responded positively yet some would not because of how some parents react to issues pertaining to their children’s educational pursuits.

It remains a fact that today most of the parents in the society are much interested in the pursuance of money than carrying out their parental responsibilities on their children. Ogundele (2005) wrote that parents adopt a rather carefree attitude towards the socialization and education of their children. Such parents are at times reluctant in providing the basic educational needs of their children which in turn affects academic performances in school.

Parental occupation and income status equally appear as factors that determine how parents approach their children’s academic requirement. Some students encounter the problem of underfeeding i.e. not feeding properly before coming to school. This makes such students feel uncomfortable, weak and lazy in the classroom and in such conditions, they may find it so difficult to concentrate on their lessons, they become truants or stay in at home to search of something to eat. Therefore, the problem of this study is; what are the effects of home on the academic performance of secondary school students in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State?

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of home background on the academic achievement of secondary school students in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyl State. Specifically, the researcher aims to find out:

  1. Whether occupational status of parents influence the academic performance of their students in secondary schools.
  2. Whether parents’ educational background influences academic performance of secondary school students in Afikpo North Local Government Area.
  3. Whether level of family income influences the academic performance of secondary school students.
  4. Whether level of harmony in the home influences the academic performance of secondary school students.
  5. Whether family size influences the academic performances of secondary school students.

Significance of the Study

This study will be of immense value and assistance to understand the main effects of home background on the academic performance of students. It is hoped that the outcome of this study will be of great benefit to the followings individuals:

  1. Curriculum planners.
  2. The educational administrations
  • The teachers.
  1. The parents.
  2. The students.
  3. The general public.

The curriculum planners: The findings of this study will equip the curriculum planners with basic information on how home background contributes to the academic performance of students in secondary schools and by so doing, the planner will take cognizance of that while planning the curriculum. The planners will make necessary provisions so as to carry everybody along having in mind that the students come from different home backgrounds.

The educational administrations: The out come of this study will help the educational administrators to administer effectively by putting into consideration the students from parents who operate in low socio-economic status because most often they find it uneasy to cope with the academic requirement of their children.

The teachers: The finding will be of immense value and assistance to the teachers. The teachers will understand the negative and positive effects of background on the academic achievement of students and they necessary information that will help them handle these students so as to effectively attain the goals and objectives of secondary school education.

The parents: The outcome of this study will help the parents to make adjustment on how they handle issues concerning their children’s pursuit and also lay solid educational foundation for their children at home. Since the home is the major determinant of living assessment of her children either for good or for bad. This study will also help the parents who have been showing reluctant attitude towards their children’s schooling to sit tip and struggle to provide all educational needs of their children.

The students: The students will benefit from this study because this study having exposed the major sources of their academic failures have contributed in making the students be up and doing and striving to subdue any influence their home may has on them. The students having known the causes of their academic failure will make effort to find permanent solution to their problem. They will try as much as they can do to correct that impression which people had that students from high socio-economic status.

The general public: The study is important because the findings may shed more light on the life of the general public thereby making them aware of how their various home backgrounds contributes to the academic achievement of the students.

Summarily, the findings of this study will be vital for the curriculum planners, educational administrators for the appropriate planning of the school curriculum and programmes and for them to map out progrmmes and procedures to carry along victims of negative influence of home and socio economic background. The study will equally make those at home understand that their attitude towards their children contribute to an extent to their academic achievement and more so to provide a useful guide to those that will engage in similar research work in future.

Scope of the Study

This study is mainly designed to examine the influence of home background as it affects the academic performance of students in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyl State.

Research Questions

The following are research questions were formulated to guide the study.

  1. How does parental occupation influence their students’ academic performance in school?
  2. How does parents’ educational background affect students’ academic performance?
  3. How does family income influence students’ academic performance?
  4. How does broken home influence the academic achievement of students in the secondary school?

How does family size influence the performance of students in secondary schools?

PROJECT MATERIAL ON INFLUENCE OF HOME BACKGROUND ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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