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PROJECT TOPIC:PROBLEM AFFECTING THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF RURAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IGBO-EZE NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

PROBLEM AFFECTING THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF RURAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IGBO-EZE NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

 

Abstract

The study, which is the problems affecting the academic performance of rural secondary school students in Igbo-eze north Local Government Area of Enugu State, was prompted by the declining rate of schools in our areas. It was a descriptive research design. The population of the study consisted of 10,280 and hundred (100) teachers. The selected sample size of the study was 200 students. The research instrument consists of a set of 20 questionnaire items. Data for the study were collected through administration of the research instrument and retrieval by my supervisor. Also, the data were analyzed using mean scores for the research questions.

The result of the findings revealed among others that teaching staff were in short supply in all rural secondary schools sampled. Also the nature of parents, occupation in the area of the study has negative affect on students’ academics performance. There is shortage of infrastructural facilities among the eight secondary schools in Igbo-Eze north Local Government Area. Even settlement pattern of the people living around the schools affect the schools progress. In accordance, with these findings recommendations were also made in order to arrest the ugly situation in our rural secondary schools. Limitation of the study and suggestions was also made to arrest the ugly situation in our rural secondary schools.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

               Background of the Study

Since early 1970s, rural development has been identified as a strategy for improving the economic and social life of the rural inhabitants in Nigeria. Since then successive government at various levels have embarked on, several programmes aimed at rural development. A few of those programmes are the national Accelerated food projection programme, the River Basin Development Authorities, the Agricultural Development Project, the Green Revolution Programme, Operation Feed the nation and poverty Alleviation programme. All these programmes aimed at meeting the basic needs of the rural people, besides, some basic infrastructural facilities are lacking in our rural communities. Some of these amenities that are insufficient include; health facilities, good roads, pipe borne water and educational facilities etc.

The sources of rural problems seamed to have received different interpretations from different scholars. According to Lipton (1977) rural people are the main source of their own difficulties by rapid population growth.  Okafor (1986) viewed the source of rural problems from a different perspective. According to him, lack of understanding the true relationship between the urban and rural sectors is the main issue at stake. As he observed, the relationship should be symbiotic in nature as opposed to the exploitation type that is existing. He concluded that lack of equitable distribution of social amenities within urban and rural areas is the main bone of contenting coupled with high level of illiteracy among the rural populace.

In this study, the problems affecting the academic performance of rural secondary school students, especially as they affect their educational attainment with be studied. Widespread illiteracy among the rural people was seen s the major contributing factor in rural under-development and poverty. The spread of literacy was considered necessary for communicating new knowledge and ideas. These ideas will create in them an awareness of their situation and will sensitize them to think of improving the situation.

In Nigeria, it is stated in the National Policy on Education (FRN, 1998) that the federal government has adopted education as an instrument for effecting National development, this was the drives behind the establishment of schools in the rural areas in recent time. The idea therefore is aimed at bring education to the door post of the rural populace. What is not far fetched after all, is the effect of such proliferation in our educational system. This seems to have contributed immensely towards educational imbalance. Generally, education is the process by which parents, communities and home mould the individual by subjecting him or her to a selected contributed environment for the purpose of attaining social competence and optimal individual development, Aliobu (2005), therefore, education is seen as the major instrument, which can be used for developing our rural areas.

For this to be achieved, the issue of insufficient teachers and inadequate infrastructural facilities in our rural secondary schools should be addressed. In Enugu state like other states of the federation, several factors have combined together in recent time to make education one of the greatest problems of rural development programmes. What is today vary obvious is that many of our rural secondary school students have many problem and it had given the researcher concern to investigate or to determine whether insufficient teacher and inadequate infrastructures in our rural secondary schools constitute the problems. Also to investigate whether settlement pattern and parents occupation constitute the problems affecting the academic performance of rural secondary school students in Igbo-Eze north local government area of Enugu state.

PROBLEM AFFECTING THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF RURAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IGBO-EZE NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

In this state, the urban-rural gap is very wide. In spite, the proliferation of local government areas of the state including the thirty newly created development centres which have no community attaining an urban status.

A typical example however is Igbo-Eze north local government where this study is focused. Rural-urban disparity is characterized by inequalities of income distribution, infrastructural facilities and man-power distribution.  Finally, the situation in our rural secondary schools call for self-examination, Harold and Davemport (1979) see self-examination as a preparation for insight, a ground breaking for seeds of self-understanding which gradually blown into changed condition in rural schools. It becomes obvious that positive steps are to be taken towards the better condition of our rural secondary schools students in Enugu state, we should look at those problems affecting the students.

     Statement of the Problem

It has been observed that educational attainment of children of equivalent social background varied according to the region of the country in which they live. Therefore, it because imperative to examine the problems from one angle, which is to investigate the problems affecting the academic performance of rural secondary school students in Enugu state but with specific emphasis on Igbo-Eze Local Government Area.

Therefore, the researcher priority is to determine whether insufficient teachers constitute the problem affecting the academic performance rural secondary school students, and she equally wants to determine whether inadequate infrastructures in rural secondary schools contribute to the problems affecting students in Igbo-Eze local government.

 

PROBLEM AFFECTING THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF RURAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IGBO-EZE NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

 

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