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PROJECT TOPIC :APPRAISAL OF THE FACTOR MILITATING AGAINST HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (A CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT)

PROJECT TOPIC :APPRAISAL OF THE FACTOR MILITATING AGAINST HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (A CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT)

ABSTRACT

For any nation, the success of enterprise depends largely on the effectiveness of its human resources. This is because the efficiency of an organisation whether public or private relief on how effective the human resources are managed.

Therefore, this project, Appraisal of the factors militating against human resources development and management area in Enugu state is an attempt to identify the problem affecting human resources development and management with the view to developing means for improving the effectiveness in human resources management.

The study was carried out through the use of survey research method which involve the primary and secondary data collected mainly used by questionnaires. The questionnaire was designed to elicit information regarding the subject matter. It was developed from the research questionnaire was designed to elicit information regarding the subject matter. It was complemented with interview and direct observation.

CHAPTER ONE

 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDIES

The growth of any organization depends upon the development and utilization of people in it. The efficiency of organization whether private or public depend to a large extents on how effective the human resources are utilized for an organization to achieve the desired objectives it must seek and obtain the co-operation of the people it has to work with.

The management should develop programmes and polices that will enable it to obtain its desire result from the employees.

Organization are being force to operate in an increasing competitive environment and this placed emphasis on the role of management in making the most effective use of human resources in order to meet its objective. Development and management in technology and system of communication have added to the consequential need for efficient system for the management of information

For an organisation to be effective there is an increasing range of specialized skills to help line mangers whether in business, p8blic administration or other organisations.

Human resources management is that part of the process that is concerned with the maintenance of human relationship and ensuring the physical well being of the employees so that they can give their maximum contribution to efficiency working. It is obviously closely regard to the management process as a whole and each functional manager and supervisor must apply the principles efficiently.

According to Dessler (2001:2) Human Resources management is referred to as “the policies and practices one need to carry out the people or personnel aspects of a management position, including recruiting, screening, training, rewarding and appraising these means conducting job analysis (i.e. determining the nature of each employee’s job planning labour needs and recruiting job candidates, selecting job candidates orienting and training new employees, managing wages and salaries 9i.e. ho to compensate employees), providing incentives and benefit, Appraising performance communicating (i.e. interviewing, counseling disciplining), Training and developing, building employee commitment and finally what a manager should know about.

However, there are problems militating against human Resources development and in Nsukka Local Government area which makes the employees not to contribute their maximum human potential which are necessary to make for higher productivity, portability, growth and avoid catastrophe.

The inability of management to develop and manage human Resources has caused numbers problems among other, includes, poor recruitment methods, placement, training, motivation, industrial relations leadership, poor communication network and other environmental factors that affect human resources development and management.      For efficiency and effectiveness to be achieving in an organization such s Nsukka local government area, management must be able to decide how, when and where each individual should work. Too frequent sifting of a worker may have a negative impact on his relationship with other workers.

Finally, the practical significance of the new human resources management orientation in an organisation such as Nsukka Local Government Area is that it underscores departments in public sector organisations from a preoccupation with passive or even negative roles of administering, to actively developing and pursuing policies.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Human Resource development and management is a vital process in any organisation such as Nsukka Local Government area.

Some of the prevailing socio-economic problems of the country such constant labour unrest, rising unemployment, high rate of crime poor standard of living and even inflation can be attributed to poor labour management relations in most organisations. Nsukka Local government area is not an exception as the local Government is continually faced with management problems.

It is therefore the intention of the researcher to investigate the factors responsible for poor human Resources development and management and give possible solutions to arrest this ugly situation in Nsukka Local Government area.

The extent to which Nsukka local Government management has handled the inhibiting factors affecting the utilization of human resources development is a subject of debate.

This research work is designed to produce answers to the following research questions.

  • Can efficient and effective reduce the problem human resources development reduce to problem faced by the workers of Nsukka Local Government area?
  • Do wrong applications of industrial relation reduce employee productivity in Nsukka Local government?
  • Can Leadership style determine the climate necessary for high productivity of employee in Nsukka local government?
  • Can the poor productivity of Nsukka Local Government be attributed to their attitude towards technological innovation?

1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The broad objective of this research work is to ascertain the problems militating against human Resources development and management in Nsukka Local Government Area.

The specific objectives are now as follow:

  • To ascertain whether effective and efficient system of human resources development and management will reduce the problem faced by Nsukka Local Government.
  • To examine the effect of leadership style in human resources development and management in Nsukka local government.
  • To find out if poor productivity of Nsukka Local Government can be attributed to their attitudes towards technological innovation.

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this research is for its out come to throw more light on the problems that hinders human resources development and management and also brings or give solutions to those problems militating against human resources development in Nsukka local government.

The research will also be beneficial to the employees and management of Nsukka local government area who are the target group as it will produce ways for effective management of human resources in the local government. The research will also help students who may be investigating on the similar topic and policies makers both in private and public organizations.

1.5 HYPOTHESES

The following hypotheses are drawn to guide my investigation or research work.

  • Effective and efficient system of human resources development reduces the problem of human resources management face by Nsukka local government.
  • That wrong application of industrial relation in Nsukka Local Government does not encourage employee productivity.
  • That bad leadership style hinders human’s resource management in Nsukka Local Government.
  • Poor productivity of Nsukka Local Government is as a result of their attitude towards technological innovations.

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of this study will cover the Nsukka Local Government Area, knowing quite well that any attempts to investigate into the problem of human resources development and management in the entire organisation will investigate the problems militating against human resources development and management and after which generalized to other organisation.

A study like this cannot be without limitations inherent in it. Some of the limitation to this study includes, financial problems faced by the researcher, in the area of date collection the researcher find it so difficult in administering the questionnaires as most workers were afraid to even collect it more or less filling it.

 

1.7 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION

It is necessary that operational and lucid definition be given to some of the concepts that will be used repeatedly in this research. It is envisaged that the following concept will receive attention in the entire work.

PROJECT TOPIC :APPRAISAL OF THE FACTOR MILITATING AGAINST HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (A CASE STUDY OF NSUKKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT)

HUMAN RESOURCES: This refers to the totality of human element involved in production and other activities geared towards achieving the goals of an organisation. It includes the special skill and strength of the work force. It can also be referred to as the manpower of an organisation.

DEVELOPMENT: It generally refers to an increase in the standard of a particular sphere of life. Human resources development in the increase in the productivity potential of the workforce of an organisation for goal maximization and cost minimization.

MANAGEMENT: This is a process of planning, organising, directing and controlling organisation resources so as to achieve the stated goals of the organisation.

TRAINING: Giving teaching and practice to workers in order to bring the desired standard of behavior in them.

MOTIVATIONAL FACTOR: It is a term used to qualify the satisfaction which an employees derived from the job he does.

PRODUCTIVITY: A measurement of the efficiency of production reduction to the output.

1.8 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS

The analytical tool for this research will be based on the decision making approach. The decision making theories was postulated by Daniel Boroul in 1938. This theory has been undergoing series of modification since its formulation it was in 1960 that some writers such as William Riker, James Robinson and Herbert Simon enriched the decision making approach have two fundamental purpose. One is the identification of crucial structures in the political and administrative realm where changes take place, where decisions are made and where action are initiated and carried out.

While the other is the systematic analysis of the decision making behaviour which lead to action.

The concept of decision making as a theory is a guide to policy making. A goal policy is a product of rational decision-making. Human resources development and management is an aspect of public Administration, which intend to any organization and thereby averting negative performance.

To achieve good human resources development and management, rational decision-making is of it most importance in any organization. It s only when decision makers are rational that good policies result shall be envisaged thereby encouraging good human resources development and management.

This theory is it concern this study will help the research to ascertain how decision are made in Nsukka Local Government and how such conscious action has help to encourage human resources development and management.

The decision-making approach is important to this study as no organization can strive well in our contemporary societies without rational decision-making. Nsukka Local Government like other organization make decision, which guide the development and management of human resources.

This they decision making approach is also relevant to this study as good decision making portrays good policy action hence human resources development and management in Nsukka Local Government where as half hazard decision-making gives birth to pre-mature and ill fated policy output thereby retracing the growth of human resources development and manageme

PROJECT TOPIC :APPRAISAL OF THE FACTOR MILITATING AGAINST HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT (A CASE STUDY

 

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