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PROJECT TOPIC :Asses the extent of improvisation of instructional materials for computer Education in Ebonyi Local Government Area secondary schools.

PROJECT TOPIC :Asses the extent of improvisation of instructional materials for computer Education in Ebonyi Local Government Area secondary schools.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Education is a very important instrument for harnessing the socio-economic and political resources of any Nation. The world has witnessed in the past, two major socio-economic revolutions; the agricultural revolution and the industrial revolution. Presently, there is another socio-economic shift, which is the arrival of computer is being witnessed.  This stage of revolution in the society emphasized the production, storage and distribution of information in various forms (Akume, 1997).

According to Alo (2006); computer is an electronic derives or machine that is capable of accepting inputs or data through input devices, processes the inputs and generates appropriate results which are displayed through the out put derives.

Computer is an electronic machine used to record, store process and recall data or information (Ezeliora, 2000). According to Mbam (2000); computer is a fast and accurate electronic machine, which is capable of accepting data as input, processes data and produces outputs under the influence of a stored program or instruction. Computer Education can be seen as learning experiences with computer for the aim of achieving the set objectives of computer Education (Nwaibe, 1994) consequently, computer Education is aimed at making the learner computer literate.

In Ebonyi state, computer Education is a welcomed development whereby the teaching of computer is being administered to all students regardless of the class they belong to in secondary schools but the problems faced here is that, they don’t have all the necessary requirements needed for effective and successful teaching and learning of computer. This requirements includes; computer Laboratories and Libraries; Enough computer systems, Electricity supply and instructional materials for computer Education.

According to Igwe (2003), Instructional materials are those materials that are being used by teachers to facilitate teaching and learning process. Some of these instructional materials are; print and non- print materials. Print materials are any written materials that can aid the teacher in teaching; a typical example is a textbook. Non-print materials are those materials that the student can see; it includes pictures and posters chalkboard, and the use of computer. In computer Education, instructional materials are used by learner in teaching and learning process to bring novelty to the lesson by making to topics being taught interesting (Nwaibe, 1994). In Ebonyi state, the instructional materials are not readily available at the reach of the teachers, there by not making the teachers knowledgeable and resourceful enough to teach.  Thus; arise, the need for improvisation.

Improvisation is an act of using alternative material locally made by the teacher, students or Educational agency in a state of emergency as a substitute and supplement to standard equipment (Omiko, 2007).

According to Enaiaiyeyu (1983) improvisation in science teaching refers to the act of using alterative materials and resources to facilitate instruction whenever there is lack or shortage of some specific first hand teaching acids.

Basically, the computer system is made up of two main components namely hardware component, software components and basic computer accessories. The hardware component refers to the physical part of the computer that can be seen and touched which includes the input and output devices. Examples include; monitor, keyboard, central processing unit (C.P.U), mouse, printer, scanner and diskette (Ezeliora, 2000). The software component is a step-by-step instruction given to a computer in order to perform a specific task. Examples are programs and application packages (Alo, 2006). Computer Accessories are other equipment attached to the computer system to enable it carry out its task effectively (Ogeh, 2007). Examples include: batteries, cables and connectors, cleansing suppliers, keyboard drivers, monitor stand, power cord, uninterrupted power supply, mouse pad.

In computer Education, Both the hardware, software and basic computer accessories can be improvised. (Igwe, 2005). The teacher should look for resources or materials beyond the classroom, for sole reliance on the inadequate instructional material of the school will create undesirable class participation. According to Igwe (2005), the following component can be improvised for effective computer Education in our schools;

Monitor: A monitor can be substituted using a carton-squared shaped with the face of the carton covered with nylon material to represent the screen of the monitor. Keyboard: The keyboard can be substituted using carton, plywood, foam, small squared pieces of carton sheet or cardboard paper to produce improvised keyboards. A foam is placed on a rectangle shaped plywood and then cut a cardboard sheet in to squared small shapes to put them on the form each carrying numbers, alphabets and function to press to give input.

Printer: it can be substituted with the use of plywood or carton to produce a look alike with a standard printer.

Charts: this can be improvised by drawing on the chalkboard or on a cardboard sheet with the aid of using the pencil or marker to make the drawing of the components of computer clearer to the students. All the component of computer can be drawn on the chalk or black board to enhance better understanding of the concepts in computer Education to the students as well as improve their performance in computer Examinations.

Judging, from the above improvisation act, we can conclude that lack of standard equipment is no excuse for not providing a suitable learning environment for computer Education. The present researcher is not aware of any study concerned with the extent of improvisation of instructional material for computer Education in Ebonyi local government Area secondary schools, Hence the need for the present study.

 

Statement of the Problem

During my teaching practice in Ezilo Boys secondary school, Ezilo in Ebonyi state, I observed that their classrooms for the junior secondary classes are highly populated. I taught the J.S.S.11A class that was populated with eighty-five students. Moreso, one (1) computer system was provided by the school to undergo the teaching and learning process of computer.

Consequently, students’ performance in their previous years exams was very poor. This is in line with Igbe (1995) when he said that computer Education cannot be effectively taught and learnt without the use of relevant instructional materials. The teaching task I experienced there was a tedious and enormous one because I made sure that each of the student experienced the computer in order for the specific objectives to be achieved which made me to use more than the required time to teach the students.

Thus; it is in the realization of these problems  above that  prompt me in this research “Extent  of improvisation of instructional material for computer education in Ebonyi  Local Government Area Secondary Schools”.

PROJECT TOPIC :Asses the extent of improvisation of instructional materials for computer Education in Ebonyi Local Government Area secondary schools.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to asses the extent of improvisation of instructional materials for computer Education in Ebonyi Local Government Area secondary schools.

Specifically, the research is designed to;

  1. Determine the extent of improvisation of hardware components of the computer in Ebonyi Local Government Area.
  2. Determine the extent of improvisation of software components of the computer in Ebonyi local government area secondary schools.
  • Determine the extent of improvisation of basic computer accessories in Ebonyi local government area secondary schools.

Significance of the Study

It is hoped that the findings of this research will be beneficial to the Ebonyi state government, the teachers, the curriculum planners, the students and the parent.

The findings of this research will be useful to the teachers by making the teachers to know the components of the computer that can be improvised and the importance of improvising them for effective and successful computer Education. This act of improvisation of both the software and hardware components of computer in computer Education will aid in awakening their interest and stimulate students’ performances in their study.

The findings of this research will expose the importance of improvisation to the curriculum planners in the area of evaluation technique.

The findings of this research will be useful to the Ebonyi state government by way of getting result from their investment in Education the result, will be gotten from the act of improvisation of component of computer used to improve the teaching and learning process of computer at the secondary schools in Ebonyi Local Government Area.

More so, the parents will benefit because their wards when they are effectively taught through improvisation of instructional materials, this act of improvisation will make their wards prosper and succeed in their computer study. Thereby reducing financial wastage on their parent.

In addition, the findings of this research will make the government of Ebonyi state to organize seminars, workshops, conferences on improvisation to make the teachers resourceful enough to improvise the instructional material needed for computer Education when the standard instructional material is not readily available for effective teaching.

 

Scope of the Study

The research focuses on the extent of improvisation of instructional materials for computer Education in Ebonyi local government area secondary schools. The instructional material comprises the hardware component, software component and basic accessories of computer. The study is designed to cover the personnel and staff of Ebonyi local government area secondary schools.

 

Research Questions.

The following research questions are constructed to guide the study;

  1. To what extent are the hardware components of the computer improvised in Ebonyi local government area secondary schools.
  2. To what extent are the software components of the computer improvised in Ebonyi local government area secondary schools.
  3. To what extent are the basic accessories of computer improvised in Ebonyi local government area secondary schools?

    PROJECT TOPIC :Asses the extent of improvisation of instructional materials for computer Education in Ebonyi Local Government Area secondary schools.

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