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PROJECT TOPIC: ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MICROFINANCE BANK IN NIGERIA

ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MICROFINANCE BANK IN NIGERIA

 

ABSTRACT

 

This study examines the assessment of microfinance bank towards achieving economic development in Nigeria, a case study of Afemai Microfinance Bank, Uzairue, Edo State. The study adopted a survey method (questionnaire and oral interview) as instruments for collecting data/information for the research. A simple arithmetic percentage method was used to test the strength and weakness of the research instrument, while chi-square statistical method was also used to establish the relationship between the variables tested. Significantly, the study reestablished that there `is a positive relationship between the microfinance bank and economic development of Edo State. The study concluded that microfinance bank should be empowered to contribute more positively towards the economic development of Edo State.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

It is know fact that banks help to accelerate the growth and development of a developed and developing economy. Consequently, finance becomes an important ingredient in the economic development of a nation and communities alike. Thus, the relevance of microfinance banks (formerly known as community bank) in promoting economic, programmes has become very basic and appreciated. In fact, the banks have the ability to mobilize funds in response to the dynamics of the societal requirements for growth and development. Therefore, there is the need for a proper functioning of microfinance banks as the pre-supposes a partial fulfillment of the requirement for development.

There is no gain saying the fact that at every stage of the state (Edo) effort towards economic development and advancement, the microfinance banks are called upon to assist in their capacities in response to this call, they provide available services in the areas of financing enterprises through small, medium and long term lending without prohibitive collaterals, in addition they equally provide veritable advisory function to assist various individuals engaged in business undertakings.

It is worthwhile to mention here that the microfinance banks perform advisory services to our rural dweller on one proper utilization of soft loans granted especially in trading and agricultural production since the fundamental objective of the banks is to bring development close to the people (grass root development).

Edo State which is the focus of the study was created out of the former Bendel State in 1991 as contained in (Edo State Investment Guide). It is surrounded by Kwara State in the North, Benue State in the East, Ondo in the West and Delta State in the South. The State has eighteen (18) local government areas with corresponding headquarters.

To state the obvious, funding has been a limiting factor as most of these organizations and enterprises are grossly underfunded. Even the government is almost unable to provide the needed funds to obliterate them from their financial predicament.

The microfinance banks tend to fill this yawing financial gap faced by the industries, organizations and other enterprises within the state. Often times, it is painful to note that the microfinance banks demand collaterals that most of the entrepreneurs are unable to provide apart from poor financial base of the ailing banks. This is in addition to the mismanagement of the resources of the banks by the unwholesome practices of the directors. Most painful is the inexperience investors are often considered on the priority list of the beneficiaries of the banks. These problems tend to mitigate the economic development of most of the micro finance banks, include Afenmai microfinance bank which is the focus of this study.

Again, this study is mainly designed to explore the roles of microfinance bank in the economic development of Edo State, with a focus on Afenmai microfinance bank, Uzairue, Etsako West Local Government Area, Edo State.

ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MICROFINANCE BANK IN NIGERIA

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The relevance of microfinance towards achieving the economic development of Edo State cannot be overemphasized until the advent of the microfinance banks in Edo State, on rural dwellers had no access to modern banking facilities; hence they mostly saved their money in pots, holes underneath their mats and rugs. Furthermore, most of the bank lacked standard capital base to sufficiently meet the demand of their customers. It is also disgusting to know that the capital assets of the majority of the banks were and are still being mismanagement by the unscrupulous board chairman and directors. These problems are further compound by the recognition and support given to the bank by financial authorities; Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), the Mortgage Bank of Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation (NDIC) and NICON.

Anchored on these problems, the researcher would want to examine the relevance which the microfinance bank play in the following specific areas.

  1. Accessibility of soft loans by small scale industries
  2. Safe custody of deposits
  • Accessibility to soft loan for agricultural production
  1. Monitoring the usage of loans granted to the rural dwellers
  2. Overdraft facilities and bad debts

ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF MICROFINANCE BANK IN NIGERIA

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BANKACCOUNT NAME
ACCOUNT NUMBER
DIAMOND BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
007 031 2905
FIDELITY BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
560 028 4107
GTBFREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION013 772 5121
ZENITH BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
101 326 3297
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