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PROJECT TOPIC- ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS COMPUTER EDUCATION IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS COMPUTER EDUCATION IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

 INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the Study

Computer is any machine or device which under the control of a stored program, can accept data as input, process the data and supply information to user interface as output (Emeka, 2012). Computer has been recognized as a veritable tool for high in the information age because of its speed, quality and efficiency in storing, recalling or retrieving information put in it. Between 1980 and 1990 Nigeria first witnessed the spread of information explosion age. This could rightly be described as the decade of computer in the history of Nigeria.

In developed countries and recently in developing countries, we hear of computer assisted instruction (CAI) or computer assisted learning (CAL) and computer are used for foreign language drills, tutoring and problem solving which can provide students’ with realistic decision making scenarios or engaged them in monitoring of students’ decision making scenarios or engaged them in monitoring of students’ progress computer assisted instruction CAI programs, diagnosing strength and weakness among others.

Against this background, a national committee on computer education was inaugurated by the then honourable minister of education professor Jibriel Aminu in 1988. The committee was charged with the responsibility of planning for dynamic policy on computer education and literacy in Nigeria as well as devising clear strategies and terminologies to be used by the federal and state government and other organizations in introducing computer education into their institutions of learning.

With the implementation of the new national policy on education in Nigeria, computer literacy courses were introduced in higher institutions for beginning students’ while the 6-3-3-4 systems specified that computer education would be introduced in secondary schools (Akume, 1997). It should also be recognized that before the national policy of the Federal government, private computer schools and computer education programmes were at a very slow level of development, but, after these policies, computer education has been improved.

Suffice it to say that there is a nexus between attitude and students performance in computer education. In the words of Nwachukwu (2000) person’s attitude is the relatively stable overt behavior which affects his status. It is essentially motor sets of the organism towards some specific or general stimulus. They rest upon innate stimuli-response patterns as these become modified, elaborated and integrated through learning in the social world. Attitude does not exist without reference to value meaning. Meanings related to situations of all sorts around which we have constructed our habits and built up a series at images.

An attitude is a process of individual consciousness which determines real or possible activity of the individual in the social world (Kearsley, 2000), Trent (2000). Attitude differs on the basis of gender where girls seems to have more positive attitude, while boys are less motivated and have more negative attitudes towards school. In general, results show that girls do not require more time to study, engage less in cases of misconduct and behaviour, have less absenteeism and also have more expectations about future and are more enthusiastic about further studies.

On the other hand, boys are less committed to studies and give up more easily. Success or failure is seen to depend on the understanding of the learners. For instance a shy and slow learner may become a more active than social student owing to the lack of face to face interaction in the virtual environment (smith 2001). Positive or negative learner expectations towards education significantly affect learning outcomes.

Accordingly learners will benefit from establishing positive attitudes towards this new medium and thus making it a part of their own. Positive attitude such as having interests and expectations helps learners to obtain positive results while negative attitude such as hatred and phobia towards a particular subject leads to poor performance ( Erdoga 2005). Factors such as gender, marital status, age, socio-economics status among others affects students attitudes (Bilgi 2007).

The students build or have different attitude for different subjects. Since the achievement of students on any subject depend on their interest or attitude to it. The researcher considers it important to verify the attitude of secondary school students’ toward computer education in Nigeria Secondary Schools with particular reference to Abakaliki local Government Area of Ebonyi state.

PROJECT TOPIC- ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS COMPUTER EDUCATION IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

  • Statement of the Problem

The importance of computer education in national development can not be over emphasized. It helps in various ways in enhancing growth and development of every nation. Computers have a general-purpose nature, which make them endlessly versatile. They can be applied to a wide range of activities and increasingly their tasks have intelligent or creative abilities. Computer can be applied to every human task, such as, repetitive typing; record keeping; banking; telecommunication and in many more field of life.

The poor interest of students especially the male student saying it is female course; the poor performance of students due to poor family background.; lack of reasonable number of functioning computer systems in computer laboratories and libraries; lack of qualified teachers who can competently handle this subject, the researcher felt that student performance in computer has been very low and this arises from their attitude towards the subject mater, hence the need for this study to investigate critically the attitude of secondary school students on computer education towards introduction of computer programmes in secondary schools in Abakaliki Local Government Area in Ebonyi State of Nigeria.

  • Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to examine the Attitude of secondary school students towards computer education in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

The specific purposes are:

  1. To ascertain the extent to which attitude of senior secondary school students’ affects the teaching and learning of computer education in secondary schools.
  2. To find out what factors lead to students’ attitude towards computer education.

iii. To identify the extent to which appropriate computer facilities can enhance students’ attitude in learning computer.

  • Significance of the Study

Studies have been carried out in Nigeria with regard to the use of computer, like, the impact of computer application to office operations, secondary school and high institutions for teaching students’ in classroom or lecture hall, scientific, like, nuclear research, weather forecast, hospital for diagnosing sicknesses and drug prescriptions. And in the banking system for crediting and debiting of their customers etc. a successful completion of the study will benefit the educators (teachers) because the findings will provide useful empirical data which when collected will help the educator in their job by keeping records, research in education and other related issues. The students’ in the other hand, will benefit because, the findings from this study will provide them with a better learning condition, so that they can be functional secondary school graduates.

  • Scope to the Study

The study is limited to finding out how the attitude and gender of the senior secondary students one (S.S.1) affect the teaching and learning of computer education in four out of the eight the secondary schools that study computer education, in Abakaliki Local Government Area in Ebonyi State of Nigeria.

  • Research Question

The following research questions are posited to guided the study.

  1. How does students’ attitude affect the teaching and learning of computer education in senior secondary school?

Ii. What factor student attitude towards computer education?

iii. To what extent does appropriate computer facilities enhance students’ attitude in learning computer?

Attitude of secondary school students towards computer education in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

PROJECT TOPIC- ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS COMPUTER EDUCATION IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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