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PROJECT TOPIC- AVAILABILITY, ADEQUACY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES IN THE NCE PROGRAMME OF NATIONAL TEACHERS INSTITUTE IN EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- AVAILABILITY, ADEQUACY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES IN THE NCE PROGRAMME OF NATIONAL TEACHERS INSTITUTE IN EBONYI STATE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

The success of any teaching and learning process depends largely on the instructional procedures. For a given instructional procedure to achieve desired objectives it must be properly harnessed through adequate and proper use of instructional facilities. The National Teachers Institution is principally a teacher education body that offers instructions to its learners through the use of distance education mode of training. The concept of distance education is very encompassing, because it is bounded by past and present practices and each variation tends to provide a distinct dimension to the concept.

Shale (1996) argued that as field of study and research, distance education has very little conceptual coherence. The term distance education grew out of the need for a concept broader than correspondence study. Distance education encompasses new communication technologies for the delivery institution. Holmberg (in Garrison, 1998) defined distance education as the various forms of study at all levels which are not under continuous and immediate supervision of tutors present with their students in lecture rooms or on the same premises, but nevertheless benefit from the guidance and tuition of tutorial organization (Garrison 1998:30).

Distance education is an innovative informal education, which is becoming popular and acceptable in Nigeria. Its popularity and acceptability stem from the fact that it offers to the learners an­-on-the job training opportunity for updating and upgrading their academic, professional knowledge and skills (Nduanya, 1997). Writing on the rational for distance education is imperative as a means of providing education to the increasing population that needs formal education on the background of limited vacancy in the formal school setting.

Distance education has come to be an alternative form of formal education in which the learner learning at a distance. The learner has limited contact with his teacher but learns more through well structured and packaged instructional materials. The learner most of the time is separated from the teacher in terms of time and space. The model of distance education offered by the National Teachers Institute (NTI) Kaduna provide an-on-the job training for serving teachers and all those interested in obtaining the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE).

 It is administered as part time study with instructional course materials such as course books, cassette, tapes and other forms of visual and audio aids. The initial focus of the institute on distant learning programme was the training of unqualified primary school teachers to obtain their Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE). Due to the inherence of on the job training and the experience of the teachers Grade II by distant learning system, the institution introduced the Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) by Distant Learning System (DLS).

This was to ensure that the school system was not disrupted since most of those who were to be trained were serving classroom teachers. The success of distance learning mode of education required the extensive use of instructional facilities because instructional materials as the teaching and learning process are highly required in distant education. This is because the principal participants in distance educator are adult learners.

Distance education in developed countries makes use of electronic devices and other instructional facilities extensively. The NTI model of distant education is basically print based. It relies mostly on the use of printed course materials, which include self-instructional course books in the delivery of instruction to students. The above provision for course materials for learning is supplemented with periodic face to-face contact between the learners and the instructors (course tutors at designated locations (study centres).

During these contact sessions, the learners have face-to-face contact with the instructors. Principally, the contact sessions provide an avenue for tutorials and writing of review tests, assignments and conduct of practical lesson in the science, cultural and creative arts, physical and health education classes. The use of instructional resources in distant learning becomes a necessity because of its central role among adult and distant learners.

According to Ibe (1998), an instructional material is an object or means of communication process that stores and distributes human experience or knowledge, therefore the totality of the information carrying devices. Human and materials make up instructional resources. Then, he includes the entire instructional system, which he enumerates to include “the total package of material text, student’s guide and teacher’s guide that are needed to reach the goals of any instructional unit, course of curriculum along with supporting activities and processes required to operate the system as it is designed to be operated.

Instructional materials consist of all forms of information carriers, which can be used to promote and encourage effective learning in teaching activities. Since adult learner undergo distant learning and combine their study with a number of other related roles as a means of facilitating learning, it becomes imperative to concretize learning through the extensive use of instructional resources.

Here the teacher must make proper use of relevant materials that are suitable for both the learner and the lesson objective. The above situation calls for devotion and commitment in planning, selection and delivery of instructions. A well-prepared instruction could be destroyed by non-availability or improper utilization of learning materials by the teacher. According to Ibe (1998), utilization of instructional materials associated with the function of the teacher as the manager of the instructional process is important for the teacher to arrange the mechanics of the presentation and also plan to make the materials meaningful to the audience.

He outlined the utilization procedures that the teachers should follow and summarize them as previewing the materials, preparing the environment, preparing the audience and finally presenting the materials. Regrettably, instructional resources in most cases are limited or completely lacking, which lead to inefficient performance on part of the tutors. Again, the few available ones are sometimes not utilized in NTI/NCE/DLS and this leads to or makes teaching and learning process to become ineffective. It is on the basis of these that it becomes necessary to investigate the extent of availability, adequacy and utilization of instructional resources in the NCE programme of National Teachers Institute.

PROJECT TOPIC- AVAILABILITY, ADEQUACY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES IN THE NCE PROGRAMME OF NATIONAL TEACHERS INSTITUTE IN EBONYI STATE

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The persistent problem of non-availability or inadequacy of most instructional resources in NTI/NCE programme has been of great concern to the entire society. This situation coupled with ineffective utilization of the available instructional resources tends to generate a deep gulf in the programme. The level of availability and utilization tends to generate doubt as to whether these instructional resources are provided, if so, how are they utilized?

In fact, it raises questions as to whether some instructional resources are available while others are not and why they are over utilized or underutilized. It is this uncertainty as to the extent of instructional resources provided and utilized that raises doubt on the quality of graduates of NTI/DLS programme. Some of the products of this programme find it difficult to effectively teach the subjects they majored in and one begins to wonder as to whether their apparent non-performance is because they were not properly taught due to the non-availability or utilization of instructional resources in the various centres.

This situation leads to poor primary education. The problem of this study wishes to address is; what is the extent of availability, adequacy and utilization of instructional resources in the NCE programme of the National Teachers Institute in Ebonyi State.

1.3  Purpose of the Study

          The study will examine the availability adequacy and the extent of utilization of instructional resources at the NTI study centers in Ebonyi State. Specifically, the study is being designed to:

  1. Determine the availability of instructional resources.
  2. Find out the adequacy or otherwise of instr+uctional resources.
  3. Find out the extent of utilization of the available instructional resources at the centres.

1.4 Significance of the Study

The findings of this study when concluded shall be of immense benefit to the students, course facilitators, center co-ordinators, parents as well as the entire community.

This study also is significant in that the result with enable the NTI management know those instructional resources that are available and the ones that are not available, when this is known, NTI authority will be in a position to consider provision of instructional, resources that are not yet available in different centers.

Again the results of the study would show the extent the resources are adequate. When the adequacy of the available resources are identified, the authority in charge of the resources will then try to ensure that the teachers are trained to utilize those resources that have been identified to be available and if the teachers are found to be efficient in the utilization, they shall also gain since their experiences and learning would be enriched.

Furthermore, this study is significant because it would reveal the extent the available resources are utilized. This will enable the management to know those resources that are either over utilized or underutilized in order to carry out supervisory function. This will help NTI organizers to make effort towards ensuring that those factors that bring about over utilization or under utilization are emphasized.

Another significance of the study is that it would help to make the NTI programme in the various centers more effective. This is because the result of the study will sensitize the NTI authorities towards providing those resources that are not available and also ensuring that the ones provided are effectively used.

1.5 Scope of the Study

The focus of this study is to determine the extent of availability of instructional resources, adequacy and the extent of utilization of instructional resources by the course tutors at the NTI/NCE/DLS in Ebonyi State. The study will make use of NTI course tutors and students available for the programme in the state.

1.6 Research Questions                

The following research questions will guide the study.

  1. What is the extent of availability of instructional resources in the NTI/NCE study centers in Ebonyi state?
  2. To what extent are the available instructional resources adequate?
  3. To what extent are the available instructional resources utilized?

1.7  Hypotheses

The following hypotheses will be tested at 0.05 level of significance.

  1. There is no significant difference between the mean responses of students and course tutors on the availability of instructional resources for the teaching of NTI/NCE/DLS students in Ebonyi State.
  2. There is no significant difference between the mean responses of students and the course tutors on the level of utilization of instructional resources for the teaching of NTI/NCE/DLS programme in Ebonyi State.
  3. There is no significant difference between the mean responses of students and the course tutors on the level of adequacy of instructional resources for the teaching of NTI/NCE/DLS in Ebonyi State.

PROJECT TOPIC- AVAILABILITY, ADEQUACY AND UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL RESOURCES IN THE NCE PROGRAMME OF NATIONAL TEACHERS INSTITUTE IN EBONYI STATE

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