AVALIABILITY AND USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER IN NSUKKA URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

PROJECT TOPIC- AVALIABILITY AND USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER IN NSUKKA URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background Of The Study

 Any established school curriculum calls for and means of  implementing  it in order to reach the objectives at the various levels. Methods of teaching and learning are planned activities involves in the presentation of the curriculum. The discussion, tutorial, lecture, discovery or demonstrations are examples of bringing the students into contact with the subject matter. The effectiveness of this contact demands activities the effectiveness of this contact demands activities and instructional materials. This may be in the form of symbolic and pictorial presentation, real objects and specimens, experiment and demonstration.

According to Onwuka (1981), one of the principles that teacher have to continually bear in mind that man learns through his senses. He further stated that some students learn better by one or the other of the senses. To some, seeing is believing, to others, the senses of hearing, touch, smell and taste dominate in acquiring knowledge. For the intended learning to take place, the teacher must communicate effectively with the learners.

In order to achieve the efficient communication between him and the learners. The teacher must understand something of the communication process to the extent that it will enhance a wide choice of his way of transmitting his message to his students. According to Onyejemezi (1981) the best way of helping students to learn is to bring them face to face with world, which the education intends to introduce to them. Using real things in real life situation does this.

Instructional materials are those materials, devices or techniques that help the teacher to make realistic approach to his Job. Whether real or substitutes, these representations have a common goal. They help the teacher to cover the intended message effectively and meaningfully to the students so that the students receive, understand, retain and apply the experience gained to reach overall educational goal.

On the other hand, Osuala (1996) stated that computer studies is a programme of study designed to give the students a thoroughly but general grounding in the ways computer are used. Computer studies equip the students with knowledge, skills and competencies that will enable them to operate computer efficiently. Furthermore, teaching and learning of computer studies is more of practical training than theoretical.

Teacher therefore, should arrange conditions under which students learn more rapidly and effectively. The teacher selects relevant instructional materials to facilitate his teaching and learning. Some instructional materials include:- computers, made up of the keyboard, mouse, monitor, processor, interface, printers and disk drives, laboratory, projected pictures, textbooks and chalk board.

The use of the above instructional materials in teaching and learning computer studies in secondary schools cannot successfully accomplish it’s objectives without the availability of these instructional materials in schools. There is also additional demand on teachers time and competency. This work is concerned with the instructional materials; which teachers of computer studies use to make their lessons more meaningful and understandable and their availability in secondary school.

PROJECT TOPIC- AVALIABILITY AND USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER IN NSUKKA URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Statement Of The Problem

The importance of the availability and use of instructional materials in teaching and learning computer studies cannot be overemphasized. When the instructional materials are made available in secondary school and effectively utilized, student’s interest in learning is awakened and thus offers a good reality of experience, which stimulates self activity on the part of the students despite all these advantages there are doubts if available instructional materials are in our secondary schools and if available are utilized. Therefore, there is need for an investigation into teaching and learning computer studies in our secondary school system.

Purpose Of The Study

      The major purpose of the study is to ascertain the availability and use of instructional materials in teaching and learning computer studies. Specifically, the study in tends to research into the following by determine;

  1. The availability of instructional materials in teaching and learning of computer studies in single sex and co-education secondary schools.
  2. Learning of computer studies in single sex and co-education secondary schools.
  3. Suggest ways of solving the problem.

Significance Of The Problem

This study shall be of benefit to:

  1. Government to have knowledge of schools that are lacking these instructional material and make effort to provide them.
  2. Students for when instructional material are available and utilized learning become easier.
  3. Computer study teachers will utilize the result of this study in making their lesson more simple, interesting and understandable.
  4. The findings of this study would provide additional information on which school to send their children after primary schools. The recommendations of this study will go along way towards making educators look inwards in order to solve the problem of teaching and learning computer in secondary schools.

Scope of the Study

The study was carried out in secondary school in Nsukka-urban. The study concentrated on finding out how the instructional materials are utilized and to what extent.

Research Questions

The following questions have been drawn to guide the study:

  1. What are those instructional materials that the teachers make use of in teaching and learning of computer studies?
  2. What are the causes of non-availability of instructional materials in teaching and learning of computer studies?
  3. What are the importance of instructional materials for teaching and learning of computer studies?
  4. What are the problems encountered by the computer studies teachers when teaching with instructional materials?

PROJECT TOPIC- AVALIABILITY AND USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING OF COMPUTER IN NSUKKA URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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