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The study focused on Business Studies and Business Education Critical to Economic Development in Junior Secondary Schools in Idemili North Local Government Area of Anambra State. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised of 3,382 students and teachers while the sample of the study consisted of 300 respondents. Structured questionnaire was formulated for data collection. It was validated by three experts, two from Business Education Department and one from Science Education all in Ebonyi State University. The data was analyzed using simple statistical mean. Results from the data analyzed showed that:Business Education play a vital roles in developing the nation economic, Business Education develop students with creativity and innovation skills, Business Education develop the students’ abilities towards self-reliance, and that Business Education enhances the social well being of the people. Based on the findings, the study recommended that: Teachers should be encourage through government assistance by providing all needed instructional materials for effective teaching and learning of Business Studies, secondly, Skills acquisition centers should be made available for students’ utilization in the development of creativity and innovation skills through the study of Business studies and Government should help in financing schools with the needed resources in developing students’ skills. In all suggestions for further studies were drawn.



Background to the Study

Several views and opinions have been in the past years argued on the meaning and the place of Business education both at the levels of primary, secondary and university respectively. These developments have created moves in the inclusion of some Business subjects and courses in the curriculum of both pre-primary, post-primary and even tertiary institutions all with a view to achieve the needed employable skills in the development of the youths and the society which authomatically enhances the nation economy, Bashir (2014).

Business education is a comprehensive term referring to the educational process when it involves, in addition to general education, the study of technologies and the acquisition of practical skills and knowledge relating to occupations in various sectors of economy and social life. The broad educational goals of Business Education and technical education distinguish it from “vocational training: which is directed to developing the particular skills and related knowledge required by a specific occupation or group of occupations in Anya and Neukar (2014).

According to Osuala (2004) Business Education is a programme which comprise office education and general education that provide students with needed information and competence which will help them in managing their personal business affairs and in using business services. Osuala further explained that office education is meant for office careers which are gotten through refresher and upgrading education.

Ikenga, Oru and Afolabi (2010) also asserted that Business Education produces manpower that has the requisite understanding, abilities and attitudes for utilizing other resources and bringing them to work together so as to yield the goods and services needed by the society and socio-economic competencies which make people more intelligent consumers of goods and services.

Nweze (2008) observed that one of the goals of education in Nigeria is the gaining of the right skills and the building of overall human abilities that will help an individual to contribute to the growth of the society where he lives. Nweze (2008) also pointed out that after Junior Secondary education an individual may continue his studies as full time or part time student. He may also get a full time employment with his JSS certificate. According to Igboke (2012), Business Studies syllabus contains some statement of objectives showing the vocational aspects namely: to develop basic skills in office occupation and to provide orientation and basic skills for those who may not undergo further training.

          The prospects of Business Studies as outlined by Ejiwale (2004) include:

  • job security, job specification and self reliance;
  • service to mankind and good financial remuneration of the student;
  • opportunities for expression of special talents or interest and maintenance of good mental and physical health;
  • provision of several forward future investment, promotion and availability of measures that can make the economy attractive;
  • continuous contribution to national development and growth;
  • provides excellent background for employment, technical knowhow, tool for continuing education for employee’s manpower resources and training and brings trust, integrity and security;
  • provides sustainable economic development and awareness of business in the society;
  • continuous avenue where the students can be guided to work methods and the ways to manipulate equipment and machinery and the abilities to use their knowledge in real work situation thereby closing the gap between the school work and main practical;
  • continuous helping of individuals advancement and increase in income and
  • fosters competence and self esteem in the world of business.

The programme of Business Education has projected many youths into self reliance through the skills acquired in entrepreneurship studies. The aspect have help in combating youths unemployment, thereby reducing poverty among the people. Business Education is one of the integral skills acquired under the foundation of Vocational Education. It is one of the Vocational skills predicated on the development as a sort of insurance policy for self-employment (Denga in Bahir 2014).

This is in consonance with the philosophy or self-reliance and personal viability entrenched in the National policy on Education. Ekpenyong and Makeri, in Bahir (2014) have clearly stated it that there is no need to go into so much literature to support the assertion that there exist unemployment crisis in Nigeria. Many University Degree holders and graduates from other tertiary institutions are jobless while holders of Vocational (Business) qualifications are averagely employed.

According to Usoro in Bashir (2014) Business Education encompasses courses such as Business Administration, Marketing, Accounting, and Supply, Secretarial Education and Business Law. It therefore follows that Business Education train Business teachers, manages and seasoned administrators, Accountants and Accounting teachers, producers and marketers of goods and services distributors, secretaries who are the engine worms (information network) of any organization and Business solicitors/lawyers. All these are what is required by any country’s economic development, hence Business Education is the foundation of a nation’s economic political and social development.

Economic development is the process and policies by which a nation improves the economic, political and social well being of its people, (Bashir, 2014). The aspect to which individuals are self reliance without depending on government for white kola job manifested through introduction of Business education.


Statement of the Problem

The economies of nations which Nigeria is one are experiencing untold hardship that has resulted to shrinking industrial output, low level commercial activities, and loss of employment opportunities for millions of Nigerians. Despite living in a country with vast potential wealth created by the huge oil revenues, which forms 90% of federally generated revenue. A recent report from the federal office of statistics quoted that. “In 1980, an estimated 27% of Nigerians lived in poverty.

By 1999, about 70%of the population had income less than US$1.00 per day and the population has risen since then. However, many people live in abject poverty and unemployment when in actual sense, they could put their hands to work and survive amidst untold hardship in the economy. This component is crucial now than ever in the face of global economic depression, mass graduate unemployment and compulsory retirement and retrenchment of workers in the public and civil service.     Education has gained popularity in the world today.

Both developed countries of the world and those that are yet to be developed now see their citizen’s attainment of educational as a yardstick for measuring other aspects of development. Nigeria National Policy on Education introduced in 1981 brought the teaching of Business Studies as a pre-vocational subject in the Junior Secondary Schools into limelight. The policy placed special importance on the gaining of practical abilities which would help people to live and contribute immensely to their society.

Federal Republic of Nigeria (2007) recognized the necessity to avail the students of Business Studies with the knowledge, ability and skills to be well employed at the end of their programme and also to equip them for establishing their small businesses as entrepreneurs; hence the publication of the new Basic Business Studies curriculum. With the above assertations this work therefore tries to assess Business studies and Business education a critical to economic development.

Purpose of the Study

The general objective of this study is to assessBusiness studies and Business education a critical for economic development in Junior Secondary School in Idemili North Local Government Area of Anambra State. Specifically, the study intends to:

  1. Ascertain the place of Business Education in developing the nation economic.
  2. Ascertain the extend to which Business Education develop individual creativity skills and innovation skills.
  3. Ascertain the extent to which Business Education develop the students’ abilities towards self-reliance.
  4. Determine the roles of Business Education toward the social well being of the people.

Significance of the Study

The result of this study will immensely help the education policy makers. It will help them to understand the need to enforce the implementation of the Business Studies Curriculum at both secondary Schools and tertiary institution.

It will create awareness to the government on the need to recruit qualified Business Studies teachers to handle the subject excel more than it present stand. This will make for proper learning and teaching of Business Studies in Secondary Schools in Anambra State. Consequently, it will affect positively the learning and teaching of business subjects in both post-primary and tertiary institutions.

The findings of this work will help education authorities who may go through it to know the problems that are associated with this study and tackle it appropriately. This will facilitate effective teaching and learning of Business Studies in Schools in the areas.

This work will help Anambra State stakeholders to contribute their quota in the provision of facilities for the transmission of instruction in Business Studies in Secondary Schools in Anambra State. This will create conducive environment for Business Studies students to acquire basic skills. This will in turn give Anambra State skilled work force which will make for economic development to the state and the nation at large.

This work will help Business Studies teachers to rise up to their responsibilities to the learning and teaching of Business Studies. This will be actualized through training, re-training and provision of required education facilities that will lead to the professional growth of Business Studies teachers. Their knowledge will also be updated from time to time as it aid economic development.

The result of this work will serve as a reference material for those researchers who may wish to do related of similar research work in other areas. It will also help the researcher to know the details on the stand of Business education and Business Studies critical of economic development in Junior Secondary School in Idemili LGA of Anambra State.

Research Questions

The following research questions guided the study:

  1. What are the place of Business Education in developing the nation economic?
  2. To what extend do Business Education develop students creativity and innovation skills?
  3. To what extent do Business Education develop the students’ abilities towards self-reliance?
  4. What are the roles of Business Education toward the enhancement of social well being of the people?

Scope of the Study

This study is focused on Business education and Business Studies critical for economic development. The study will be carried out in Idemili North in Anambra State. Only juniorsecondary schools teachers and students will be used for the study. Particular attention is paid to role of business studies and impact of business studies on economic development . The work also looked at the performance of students in Business Studies toward attaining self reliance.Idemili North Local Government Area has common boundary with Idemili South at the South, at the North , it has a common boundary with Orumba North, in the West has a common boundary with Anambra West Local Government Area, whereas at the East, it has a common boundary with Anambra East.


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