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Industrial action is often seen by organization as a way of expressing dissatisfaction from workers. This study is mainly designed to know the various causes of strikes in work places and know how they could be managed. Questionnaires was used to collect data from respondents. Out of the 50 copies of questionnaire administered, 47 were returned. The researcher considered these representatives enough. The result showed that lack of regular payment of salaries and wages, lack of good communication, good working condition, good economic environment as well as physiological problems etc. are responsible for strike in organizations. The study concludes with recommendation that management and government should take pains in identifying the factors that usually causes industrial action to avoid future strikes in organizations.   



1.1     Background to the Study

          The management and labour union have separate but collective goals to meet. These goals are achievable when both parties respect each other goals. Hence, we say they are interdependent, management cannot do much without labour and labour cannot do anything without management. Therefore, there is need for industrial peace in order for them to progress and achieve their goals and objectives.

          Damachi (1986) defines industrial peace as a product of relationship between the two organized group i.e industrial management and organized group. However, each retains its institutional sovereignty, working in reasonable harmony with mutual respect and confidence. But we must know that it is not possible to find absolute peace or harmony in work places. A reasonable harmony creates organizational climate for productivity.

          Union fight for good employment and good working condition of their members. By so doing, they raise operating cost from employers. Organizations try to accommodate this rising cost from employer in order to create industrial harmony. As employers try to reduce cost on labour they run into conflict with union desires to increase benefit of their members. This show why we need a sound union relation in industrial set ups.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Industrial conflict has been a canker worm that has eaten deep the marrow of Nigeria industrial and social development. It has been a dominant factor in the history of Nigeria labour relations. They have been so many cases of disputes or disagreement either between the government and the civil servant or between employers and employee, the disagreement usually result in strike, lockout, sabotage outfit restriction, etc. The effect of these industrial action falls on the citizen who is one way or the other depend heavily on the services of the conflicting organization. One would begin to ask question why is it that Nigeria do experience constant industrial action? It is either the Nigeria labour congress or other trade union pursuing neither an increase in wage nor the Nigeria union of teachers (NUT) fighting over better working condition etc.


However, one would begin to ask why is industrial action a dominant factor in the Nigeria labour history especially in the university system? What could be the causes of the action the effects as well as possible alternatives for the problem of industrial action in Nigeria and the university system? These are questions sort to be answered by the study.

1.3     Research Questions

For the purpose for this study, the following are some research questions that guide the work. They include:

  • Does the level of pay result to industrial action in Nigeria union of teachers (NUT)?
  • Does leadership style result to industrial actions in Nigeria union of teachers (NUT)?
  • Does industrial action in Nigeria union of teachers (NUT) results to student’s poor academic performance?
  • What are the effects of industrial actions on the life of student and the staff of Nigeria union of teachers (NUT) and the society at large?


1.4     Objective of the Study

The study shall be guided by the following aims and objectives to ensure the systematic implementation of the study.

  • To determine the causes of industrial actions on the life of students, staff of Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT).
  • To ascertain the effect of industrial actions on the life of students, staff of Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT) and society at large.
  • To find out whether industrial action affects students academic performance.
  • To determine the possible alternative or solution to industrial actions in Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT)

1.5     Statement of Hypotheses

(1)     Labour industrial actions in the Nigeria industries are not related to the level of pay of the workers.

(2)     The style of leadership is not a major factor that brings about industrial action in organization.


1.6     Scope of the Study

Industrial strike action is a global problem. However, this study focused attention on Nigeria industries. Both private and public sectors have been taken into consideration for the purpose of this study. However Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT) will be used in the course of this study as a case study. References have been made to one or two other industries. The reason is to give room to look into how these same problems of industrial action affect them as well as how it is managed.

1.7     Significance of the Study

The finding of this research shall serve as a guiding frame work for the management of the Nigeria firm in the formulation of appropriate policies which one believe we bring about industrial harmony among workers in work places.

In the same way, labour will be able to appreciate  consequence and implication that industrial action can be to the industrial government who is the overseer of what goes on in the industry will know their role(s) to play so that there will be smooth and cordial relationship between employer and their employees. Most importantly is that with this study, the three parties government, management and the labour will understand one another and be able to fashion out ways to developing hitch free work organization.

1.8     Limitation of the Study

The study is limited to cover the causes of industrial action in Nigeria organization with Nigeria Union of   Teacher (NUT) as a focus.

However, the researcher availed himself with warm enthusiasm given by teachers in various institutions who individually and collectively responded to the questionnaire, oral interview and discussion held with them.

The researcher focuses some limitation in the course of carrying out this study. First is the problem of gathering data (information) for the study. This was a big problem.

Time is another factor as the researcher has to combine his normal lectures with this study. The researcher has search for information in the library, past project works, newspaper and journals.

Meanwhile, the cost of stationary has become prohibitive due to inflation which has become an academic problem in the country. As a student, the researcher has to face the high cost of printing materials with which the work was completed. Notwithstanding the researcher did his best to overcome these problems. Therefore, the authoritativeness of this work cannot be underscored.

1.9     Operational Definition of Terms

In the course of study, certain technical words were used for ease of understanding and application the following definitions have been given.

Industrial Action: It refers to any measure taken by trade union or other organized labour meant to reduce production in a workplace.

Labour: It simply the group of workers or work force that perform the day-t-day activities in various organization for the purpose of achieving the goals for which these established were set up.

Organization: An establishment with various department work force (labour) and objective to be attained

Conflict: A state of disagreement or argument between people group and even countries. It could be a trade conflict, i.e disagreement between employer and employees.

Employee: Someone who is paid to work for someone else or group of workers in an organization hired by superior or the government to carry out some function on its behalf.

Employer: This  could be a person, company or organization that employs people to carry out or perform certain functions for which they are employed.

Unionism: This is the belief in the principle of TRADE UNIONS. Trade union is an organization of employees and employers whose main objective as to protect the interest of its members.

Industrial Relation: It is the relationship that exist between employer and employees in an organization.

Industrial Peace: This is when the relationship that exist between the employer and employees in an organization is cordial and harmonious.

Management: This means a group of staff in an organization that is responsible for the running of the day-to-day activities of the organization.

Wages: This refers to payment received by an employee in exchange for labour.

Productivity: This is defined as the amount of output produced by each unit of input, where outputs are measured in physical units.


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