PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF LOW MALE ENROLLMENT INTO SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE
This study focused on the causes of low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The purpose of the study was to find out if lack of interest, ignorance on the part of male, parental influence, high rate of unemployment and high cost of education contribute to low male enrolment into secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebony state. The design of study was descriptive survey channeled to elicit information in secondary schools. The total number of the population is 200. Through well selected random sampling. What questionnaire was used as instruments for data collected and data were analyzed using mean. The findings of the study revealed that lack of interest, ignorance on the part of males, parental influence, high cost of education cause low male enrolment into secondary schools in Ohazara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
Background to the study
In Nigeria as well as in most Africa countries, western education was first made available to men; women were forgotten because according to Muckenchern (1966:1) “the education of women was not thought to be essential”. This was not an accident but rather a carryover from Europe, the home country of the early pioneers, of education, the early missionaries, that is the colonial government in Nigeria as well as in most Africa countries was not interested in education in their area of jurisdiction and therefore did not view it as a priority in their colonies.
In Nigeria, it was the missionaries who first realized the importance of education for the success of their work of evangelization. This made them establish educational institutions in the country through which they go their converts. They also saw the schools as the means of reaching the people, especially after their failure in converting the elders and leaders. This made them direct their energy and attention to the establishment of school for the young ones.
According to Uchendu (1995) for the missionaries, “the school and the church were interwoven and anybody that went to school eventually became a Christian”. In stressing the role of the Christian missionaries in education. In Nigeria, it should be noted that modern education in Nigeria dates back to 24 September 1842 with the arrival at Badagry of Rev. Thomas Birch freeman and William de Graft of Wesleyan missionary society.
In recent times, things are changing as materialism is gaining strong ground in the country and values are changing. This has affected the number of boys that attend school. In most of the states, it is now common to see more girls in school than boys. The importance of education in modern society is so crucial that any nation that lacks effective education of its members is bound to fail.
Education aims at developing the whole person, body, mind and spirit. It is through education that important values like the rule of law, the freedom of the people to elect their own leaders, freed from arbitrary arrest etc. there are imported to the citizens. It is also through it that the long human needs and concepts of womb-to womb educational experience are provided under the sponsorship of the schools.
Now that we are in the new technological age, that calls for serious educational involvement of all, so as to inculcate in our youth the future-oriented knowledge and survival skills needed to cope with technology, the mass media, pollution, the peace deficit, inflation and a myriad of other problems. With the present rate of male dropout from school, especially in the former East central state of Nigeria, does it mean that Nigerian males are ready to forfeit all those advantages and privileges that education should provide them? With the present rate of male dropout from school, what become and will always be a necessary condition for active participation in present and future national politics? Will Nigerian men accept being dominated by women and governed by them?
Has Nigerians forgotten all over the world, on matter their political or economic ideology, that education is the key to the future?
Prewi (1972) realizes that education has become a condition sine qua for active participation in politics in Africa. Though, in the past, this was not case, since independence, it has become clear that education, not money is a necessary factor for leadership. Enrolment simply means the cause to become a member of society/club male enrolment into secondary schools is a cause of being a member to classes in secondary schools.
Causes of low male enrolment into secondary schools has being a problem into some seem deny schools in the society. The most frequently cited why the child did not attend school was that the parents did not allow the child to attend school. During the advent of the Europeans the males were the only school population in the enrolment chart of Ohaozara Local government Area of Ebonyi State. Wkomen’s education at that time was regarded as wasting of time and money by the parents, since she is meant for another man to marry….Traditionally, their roles were thought to end in the kitchens and child bearing and rearing.
Moreover, women were not meant to contribute any visible quota in the administration and planning of the society. They were not expected to partake in the nation’s economic plan and warfare. These man made handicaps provided opportunity for only the males to enroll in schools. In Ohaozara Local government Area, culture appears to the main thing that discouraged people from embracing the white men education from the on set.
Presently, the situation from the on set. Presently, the situation has changed. Recently it has been noticed in Ohaozara Local Government Area. That male’s enrolment in secondary schools has dropped. Ndu (1994) argues that the drop in male enrolment is a result of the request by the youths for money and earthly materialism. In recent time boys are no longer interested in going school especially to secondary school.
The tendency was not taken serious initially until Obaji (1987)crises out and gave order that any secondary school which does not meet the minimum number of students especially male that the school would be closed down. Okeem (1993) opined that lack of job opportunities and its attendant vices create a situation in the country. He went further to state that initially the cry was in female’s education, but now males have no regard foe education.
Ugwu (1991)said that male students attend secondary school just to increase their literacy level which will aid them in the trade or business they want to learn. He went further to state that many fathers advise their male children the o go for a business because it gives quick money. On the same issue, Njeze (1991) also lamented the continuous decline in the number of males child will enter into secondary school only to drop after junior secondary school.
The aspect of secondary education curriculum which is the preparation for useful living within the society so far remains a wild goose chase Obi (1994) pointed out a that there is the absence of any appreciable and positive link between secondary school curriculum and the realities of life outside the school. The old secondary education curriculum emphasized either a study of the liberal arts or the science, the current curriculum suffers from inadequate infrastructure and other equipment for objectives.
Therefore, the current curriculum could not later for the aims of secondary education as stipulated in the federal republic of Nigeria (F.R.N 2004) moreover, those who pass out from secondary education and not able to further their education or secure employment are rendered important and unable to fit properly into any area of the society. In most cases they constitute havoc to the environment; they found themselves by indulging in so many criminal acts. Based on the problems that researcher decided to carry out research on causes of low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government Area.
PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF LOW MALE ENROLLMENT INTO SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE
Statement of the problem
The male decline in enrolment into secondary schools has given rise to problems, which could be examined as both the societal and individual level. At the societal level, there would invariably be a generation of illiterates and uneducated males which will lead to a downward trend to the economic, political and socio-political dimensions of the society. Based on this, the researcher wants to investigate on the causes of low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government of Ebonyi state.
Purpose of the Study
The general purpose of this study is to find out the causes of low male enrolment into secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area.
The study is specifically designed to;
- determine if lack of interest is a cause of low enrolment.
- Investigate whether ignorance is a causes of low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government Area.
iii. Determine parental influences are the cause of low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government Area.
- Find out if the high cost of education is a cause of low male enrolment who secondary in Ohaozara Local Government Area.
- investigate if the rate of unemployment is a cause of low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government Area.
Significance of the study
This study focused in causes of low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government Area study will benefit student (male), parents, guidance and councilors and government in general as it well be geared towards development and improvement of male enrolment, as well its standardization in Nigeria educational system.
The study will help students to understand the hazard and implication behind illiteracy as not attending secondary school level.
They will benefit the important of being education (literacy) which will enable them to interact freely (communication) with members of Nigeria society and other countries, mostly when they travel from one place to another or engages in business transaction.
The result of this study will benefit not only males, but also attend secondary schools, it will make their children to fit into their community and society.
The children will be bold enough to speak in community meeting when some causes arise and other important gathering in the community and from this, their family will be known, respect, and not loot down on them. Parents will also enjoy their children moving into white-cola job and not only depending on local or rural job.
Guidance and counselor should also benefit by having many males, and not only females they should guild in a particular field. Finally, government (society) as well will also benefit from increase in male enrolment into secondary school. It will bring balance of equalization of education in both males and females it will motivate the government to improve higher in education whereby competition on which gender will be best and in every competition bring ser5iousness because on one want to be failure. Government will benefit in having future leaders.
Scope of the study
The content coverage is limited to low male enrolment in Ohaozara Local Government Area was examined concerning lack of interest on education and ignorance, parental influence, high rate of unemployment high cost of education. The investigating covered 246 teachers of ten (10) public secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government.
Five research questions were formulated to guide the study thus:
- To what extent dose lack of interest on education affect low male enrolment into secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area?
- How dose ignorance on the part of males cause low male enrolment into secondary schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area?
- How dose parental influence cause low male enrolment into secondary school Ohaozara Local Government Area?
- What extent has high cost of education caused low enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government area?
- How dose high rate of unemployment contribute to low male enrolment into secondary school in Ohaozara Local Government Area?