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PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF POOR PERFORMANCE IN EXAMINATION BY STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF POOR PERFORMANCE IN EXAMINATION BY STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION

CHAPTER ONE

 

Background to the Study 

When we talk of economics, we are referring to the idea underlying economic. That is the general notion of economics as academic discipline. But before we proceed, we must attempt some definitions, for a better understanding of what economics is all about.  Hence, Professor Robinson in Igboke (2002) defined economics as a science, which studies human behavior in relations with scarce means, which have alternative uses. This definition according to Igboke stands the most acceptable definition of economics in the modern economy.

Advanced learners dictionary of current English in Igboke (2002) defined economics as a science of production distribution and consumption of goods and services, thus; illustrating the condition of a country as to material prosperity.  Furthermore, Onwukwe(2002), defined economics a science concerned with aspects of social behavior and those institutions which are involved in the use of scarce resources to produce and distribute goods and services in the satisfaction of human wants.

In the same vein Agwu and Onwukwe(2002) defined economics as a discipline which deals with how economics units or agents make the most deficient and optimal use of their scare resources to satisfy their unlimited wants in order to improve their living standards.As a result, this ugly situation has been a cause of worry to students, parents, teachers’ and even on the government. Efforts have been made by many researchers in economics to identify the problems and causes of poor performance in the subject.

However, quoting from chief  examiners report on senior school certificate examination said; evidence abound that candidates did not prepare adequately for the examinations especially as regards studying recommended texts. (WAEC, 2013).This same weakness was reported in 2014, as the WAEC indicated the teachers for poor coverage of the syllabus.   This is also evidence from personal experiences, the chief examiners report of 2002/2003 on senior secondary certificate examination, especially in economics, has shown that the rate of failure in the subject is currently high in Nigeria. As postulated by Lewis in Obinna(2000) the quantity of economics taught in schools today is nothing to write home about, given the preparation which most secondary school teachers who are forced to teach economics in schools have had.

This shabby preparation can not bring out the best in our students.  Nwokolo (2001) rightly noted that the facilities in most secondary schools in Nigeria are of low quality and this leads to poor performance. Most of our textbooks are obsolete, inadequate or expensive. There are very few facilities for economics teachers and students as results of poor financial support. Ademoleku(2004), stated that any teacher who is to teach economics well, should be able to communicate well with the learner and should be able to understand the economics learning processes.  However, economics is an important subject taught in Nigeria secondary schools.

The subject economics is of great significance in such sectors like banking industry, business management and of course, in the entire business world.  Full knowledge and experience in the subject equips one to become an effective functional member of the society. It helps students to acquire necessary attitudes for personal economic efficiency and national advancement. The true knowledge of economics exposes students or makes them to know about the economic affairs of their society and the prevailing economic conditions surrounding them.

Moreover, one is expected to obtain at least a grade C-6 in SSCE or GCE ordinary level before one could be admitted in the higher institution of learning to study economies statistics, economics and other related courses in management and social sciences. The researcher is also aware of the fact that the performance in economics examination varies over the years, but the actual trend of the performance of evident in the subject is unknown. Thus, to ascertain the true picture of the subject in the SSCE compelling results over a period of time and subjecting same to statistical analysis to show the trend of the performance of students in the society  is necessary.

This will offer valuable information to the subject teacher about the standing of their subject within a given period of time.  Worthy of note is the ascertion of the chief examiners’ report on S.S.S.E/G.C.E/MAY/JUNE/2003, the question paper was within the syllabus, but nowadays, standard of learning by candidates is so poor in most schools and therefore, the paper appeared to be difficult to them because, it required good thinking and reasoning. Some answered more questions than required thereby, wasting their time. Henceforth, here is the last summarized results of senior secondary school performances in 2013/2014 examinations. The results were obtained from community secondary school Umunwagu Idembia and community secondary school Okometa to help observe the performance of students in economics in S.S.C.E/NECO for the period of three years.

Source: Umunwagu Idembia community secondary school and Okometa Secondary school 2013/2014.

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF POOR PERFORMANCE IN EXAMINATION BY STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION

This poor performance of students in economics in senior secondary schools certificate examination call for investigation.

Statement of the Problem

Evidence abound from personal experience as well as observation from different quarters such as students, teachers and parents have shown that the performance of students in economics in senior school certificate examination has been consistently poor. Economics attracts the highest enrolment and regrettably records the poorest results. This ugly situation has been a sort of worry and a threat to students who desires to study economics in the higher institution. Economics graduates are failing to meet the made of the labour market (Nul 2004) not because of inadequate education. This is a result of poor quality of education in the secondary level, and educational calamity is observed as the inability of students in economics examination. This has been a threat to some students who wish to study economics as a profession in higher institution.

Most students lack sufficient knowledge of basic structures of economics subject which entails proper and effective management of scare resources. Its appropriate allocation to different needs for maximum project, the behavioral of man as a rational being in meeting up with his economic needs, maximization of profit and minimization of lost. In sufficient knowledge of these and more has persistently led to students’ inability to produce correct answers to examination questions.

The problems of lack of instructional materials, the lack of qualified teachers, bad method of handling economics subject, these hinder effective performance of students in economics, examination. These problems affect students as they cannot effectively apply the systems of the subject in their daily lives, their society and the economy at large and if such a person is unemployed to work as a manager in any firm, there will be poor management of resources that could lead to the closure of such firm.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study is to find out the various causes of poor performance in examination by students in senior secondary certificate examination. Also this study tries to find out the availability and appropriateness of materials and textbooks for teaching and learning of economics, with specific objectives as follows:

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF POOR PERFORMANCE IN EXAMINATION BY STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION

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