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PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENTS’ POOR PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (A Case Study of Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State)

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENTS’ POOR PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (A Case Study of Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State)

Abstract

This study focused on the causes of students poor performance in Economics in senior secondary school certificate examination, the area of the study is Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Four research questions and purpose guided the study. The likert 4-point scale was used to rate the data generated, and after the analysis, the population of the study is (9,550), sample and sampling techniques was used to reduce the population size to (350) respondents, the instrument use was structured questionnaire; the method for data analysis was mean. The findings of the student includes that causes of poor performance of students in economics, the level of teachers qualifications contribute to poor performance of students in economics, the extent to which teachers attitude of non-usage of instructional materials in teaching economics affects students’ performance and the level of students interest in the study of economics, based on the research work and finding recommendations were made that, for the quality education in Ohaozara local government area to be improved, the educational authority in Ebonyi State should endeavor to enable students improve in their performance in economics at the secondary school level. Besides, the researcher also suggests that professionally trained and sufficient teachers should be employed and that regular in service training be organized for them regularly, attractive salaries and other fringe benefits should be given to teachers. Government should give teachers their position in the nation educational system by recognizing their importance and by making them have satisfaction as their counterparts in the civil services. Based on this conclusion were drawn.

CHAPTER ONE

   INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

For some decades now, the performances of Nigerian students have become a major theme of discussion in academic circle. In the light of this, the performance of’ students at the end of each academic session or year examinations has been consistently poor (Ibukun, 2009). It is a common knowledge to us that student in various institutions of higher learning actually graduate but with very low grade after school.

In Nigeria society, the study of Economics is very important because it teaches us how to manage our limited resources effectively. The knowledge one acquires in Economics will enable one to be useful to oneself; to the family and the society as a whole. Besides, individuals and government take a number of economic policies which bring about rapid improvement in our social and economic lives. These could be seen in the areas of distribution of national income, the prices of key commodities, the level of employment, the availability and quality of rural health, education and other social amenities. Also, Economics is explained as the study of human behaviour, firms and government and as such, its continued poor performance by students gives parents, teachers and society a great concern.

Clark (2006) said that the understanding of Economics is necessary for citizenship. The prime concern of teaching Economics ought to be the provision of basic economics knowledge that is necessary for responsible citizenship. So both leaders and followers ought to understand basic economics ideas and principles which will enable them understand, and appreciate the importance of Economic.

 Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek (“management of a household, administration”) from (oikos, “house”) (“custom” or “law”), hence “rules of the house(hold)”. Marshall (2007), Political economy was the earlier name for the subject, but economists in the late 19th century suggested “economics” as a shorter term for “economic science” that also avoided a narrow political-interest connotation and as similar in form to “mathematics”, “ethics”, and so forth.

A general overview of the objectives of Economics education as published in the syllabus of the senior secondary school clearly exposes the inestimable values of to every nation. These objectives are:

(a) Appreciation of the problems which countries encounter in their economic growth and development.

(b) Understanding the basis for rational economic decisions.

(c) Ability to follow the role and status of countries in intern economics relation (Ibukun, 2009).

The West African Examination Council (WAEC) has recently changed its way of setting questions on this subject and has simplified them in such a way that every Economics students will pass the paper. Despite the simplification, students performance has not improved. Examination bodies have continued to worry about student’s very poor performance in Economics. In the analysis of students enrollment and performance in Economics at Senior Secondary Certificate Education (SSCE) level in Ebonyi State, the chief examiner recorded that the failure of students in Economics in Ebonyi State secondary school had increasing rather than decreasing. The failure rate was 36% in 1998, 45% in 2000, 59% in 2001, 80% in 2003, 85% in 2004 and 89% in 2006, 67%, in 2007, 50%, 2008, 70% in 2009, 90% in 2010, 80% in 2011 and 110% in 2012 (Ebonyi State Education Board Abakaliki 2012)

Failure in this very important subject therefore not only restricts the student’s chances of getting university admission, but also affects their choice of jobs. They take up menial jobs as last resort in the ministries and private sectors, some could not find jobs or admission and are today frustrated. It is against this background therefore that the researcher wishes to investigate the causes of this poor performance with the view of recommending solutions and remedies.

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENTS’ POOR PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (A Case Study of Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State)

Statement of the Problem

Economics is one of the vital social science subjects in the school curriculum. It plays its roles in the society for the development of the nation. It is unfortunate that the subject is not properly taught in the secondary school as a result, the student performance is nothing to write home about. In the external examinations, majority of student fail to make credit grades and with such poor result, they consequently fail to gain admission into Nigerian Universities.

Students’ poor performance in the subject is probably due to teachers’ attitudes of non-usage of effective instructional materials, poor communication and poor teaching methods in the class room, and also student low interest in the subject. Also the student background affect their performance in the study of economics because most of them do not come from well to do family background.

The problem of this study includes the extent to which teachers attitude of non-usage of instructional materials in teaching Economics affects students performance, the extent to which the students low interest in the Economics subjects affect their performance, the causes of poor performance of student in Economics and the levels of qualifications of teachers.

Therefore, the researcher wishes to investigate the factors responsible for this poor performance and to suggest solutions to restore the interest in the subject.

Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study is to find out the causes of students’ poor performance in Economics in senior secondary schools certificate examination (a study of Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State).

Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. To determine the causes of poor performance of student in Economics
  2. Find out whether teachers qualifications contribute to poor performance of student in Economics
  3. To determine the extent to which teachers attitude of non-usage of instructional materials in teaching Economics affect student’s performance.
  4. To determine the extent to which the student low interest h the Economics

subject affects performance.

Significance of the Study

The outcome of this study will be of great benefit to teachers and students of economics because the information from this research work will review some important data such as advise the teachers to further their education and get more knowledge on the study of economics because they are the only way to students future, bring to the knowledge of government to organize seminars and workshops in order to expose teachers of economics to some many academic activities which will in turn help in student performance.

Students will also benefit because they will be motivated by the information from this research work which will go a long way in making them to see Economics as a compulsory subject. Teachers should devise every means possible to teach this subject and make sure that students grasp everything they should know in economics before examination. This could be done by making sure that they cover their scheme of work every term.

The finding of the study will provide training information which will be incorporated to the curriculum. The curriculum planners will integrate the information into the training model or packages of the economics students and provide a better instructional material that helps to make it easy for students to understand and find economics easy in secondary level.

The educational administrators will benefit from this study because there will be room for them to includes economics in curriculum as a compulsory subject in other to help the nations economy grow by making admission into the higher institution available based on a credit in economics among others. Students should be serious with this subject and become friend with it. they could do this by reading Economics every day attaining classes and by studying their Economics dictionaries and textbooks.

The principals should make sure that they have enough Economics teachers for their students. They should encourage their economics teachers to attend workshops organized for them. The principals in collaboration with the government, and PTA should make sure that every material needed for teaching and learning of Economics is provided. The secondary schools should make sure that Economics get enough periods on the time.

The government and society have a significant role to play in the teaching and learning of economics. This could be in the area of giving incentives to the teachers, providing functional libraries, economics textbooks, economics dictionaries and other instructional materials. The society should ensure that qualified and experienced economics teachers are employed in adequate numbers and instructional materials practical society should ensure that qualified and experienced economics teachers are employed in adequate numbers and instructional materials, for practical purpose; this will definitely expose the students to excursion and more practical work which will improve their knowledge and skills in Economics.

Scope of the Study

This study focuses largely on causes of students’ poor performance in Economics in senior secondary schools; and suggests possible solutions to that effect. It covers all the selected senior secondary schools from SS1 to SS III in Ohaozara Local Government Area.

Research Questions

The following research questions have been designed to help the researcher in this study

  1. What are the causes of poor performance of student in economics?
  2. How do the levels of teachers qualifications contribute to poor performance of student?
  3. What is the extent to which teachers attitude of non-usage of instructional materials in teaching Economics affect student’s performance?
  4. What is the extent to which the students low interest in the Economics subject affect their performance?

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENTS’ POOR PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION (A Case Study of Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State)

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One Response

  1. ghazal December 19, 2015

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