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PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENT’S POOR PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENT’S POOR PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

The aim of every teaching is to bring up learning. The term learning has been defined in so many ways by various authors; learning can be defined as a change in behavior which is demonstrated by people implementing knowledge, skills, values, ideas and practices derived from education. Atherton (2011) defined learning as the change in the behavior of an individual which can occur in the classroom. Atherton (2010) asserted that learning is what is taught and what is learned by an individual. For learning to be affective, it must involve the learner, the material to be learned and the learning techniques. This is to say that without the learner, learning process cannot be affective.

For every learning experience to be effective there must be a specific goals, aims, and objectives which will be measurable. Sometimes, the outcome of the measurement is determined by the learner’s interest or aspirations, motivation, courses taught by the teacher, the course and the meaningfulness of the material used.

The research project titled “Causes of student poor performance in Financial Accounts in private senior secondary school certificate examination” is based on Ohaozara Local Area mainly because of the poor performance of student and lack of adequate materials in use and capable teachers to handle the course in that area.

Generally, financial accounting is defined as the act of recording business transaction in a regular and systematic manner, while accounting involves the analysis, classification, interpretation and reporting of financial transaction to the end users. This means that account is not a mere recording of daily transactions rather it is an extent in which an act of analyzing and dissemination of information both to the internal and external users.

The relevance of accounting to our educational institutions and industries is very important. The accounting student specialized in the art of financial reporting which guides managements and establishment in making decision and management policies. Financial accounting were just learned like every other things like trade, profession or vocation, it was not taught as a school subject. The gain of studying financial accounting in secondary school level

Financial account help to develop youths beyond the capability of getting a nice job, it help to create job opportunity for the young ones that finished secondary school as they are found occupying some of the accounting positions in the firm, private and government establishments. Accounting does not only address itself to the teaching of financial and methods of accounting, but extends to the utilization and allocation of resource as an aid to managerial decision making. Among users of accounting information are organization, firms, private and government establishment has to make decisions on how to allocate its resources Nwachukwu (1996:16).

Upon its importance and marketability in the labor market, which should in no way measure act as motivation factors, the student still perform poorly in the subject. That is why the student was set out to investigate the possible causes of student’s poor performance in financial accounts in private senior secondary school certificate examination in Ohaozara local government area. A situation whereby more than half of the students who took the examination in SS3 in Ohaozara local government area failed, some people blamed the principals of the schools for their incapability of managing the school such as inadequate teaching equipment, lack  of qualified staff and the school environment. Other blames the teachers on their negative attitude towards works. Teachers have ceased to be less concerned as they used to be in their teaching. Some others blame the student for their laisser-faire style of studying accounts.

According to Nwabueze (2011), accounting is the process of recording public funds. Chukwu (2004) defines accounting as the language of business, a language serves as a means of communication, and it simply means that accounting is an indispensable aspect ion the life of every business. It is used in business world to explain the transaction entered into by every organization. It is also use by people who engaged in one form of business or the other. Our forefathers prepared crude accounting system to record their business transaction. They had their unique accounting methods of recording their income and expenditure and other financial matters which was made on the walls of their building, by making marks on soft bamboo sticks by dropping pebbles into their calabashes and by means of other indigenous method.

Chukwu (2004) stated that principles of account equip the student with reasonable skills that will either prepare them for gainful employment or create one for themselves. He also stated why students should be properly trained in accounting.

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENT’S POOR PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA

Statement of the Problem

            The main objective of every secondary school as stated in the national policy on education include; the preparation of student for further study of accountancy in institution of higher learning, and be able to read and interpret the financial statement of the organization properly. Also, preparation for higher education simply means that the teaching of financial accounting should be affective in private secondary in Ohaozara Local Government Area in particular and Ebonyi State in general.

To achieve these goals there is a need to introduced vocational education in Nigeria system of education which will help in producing individual with adequate abilities and competence to fit well in the society. Financial accounting is one of the vocational education subjects that are studies in secondary schools. After examining the annual report of West African Examination Council (WAEC), the General Certificate in Education (GCE) and Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE), it was realized that students performed poorly in financial accounts.

It is also the common duty of the principals of private secondary school in Ohaozara to provide necessary human and material resources which embraces the training and the provision of qualified and experienced teachers and inclusive environment in general. Sometimes, the students are afraid because of the mathematical aspect of the subject, that account has a lot of mathematics or calculation. In such case teachers are required to develop in the students with the necessary knowledge, skills and behavior which they need in order to get the interest and to motivate them.

The principal overlooks the environment of the school without knowing that environment can contribute to student performance in school. Also, without knowing that every lesson taught by the use of teaching aids are better understood by the student. The availability of enough classrooms, good sitting, writing desks, and standard library with recommended texts books relevant to the course of study will boast the morale and interest of students towards effective teaching and learning procedure. This will help to improve student performance in financial accounts.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to identify the causes of student’s poor performance in financial account in senior secondary schools certificate examination in private schools in Ohaozara. Specifically, the study will determine;

  1. The causes of student poor performance in financial account in Ohaozara private secondary schools
  2. The extent poor teaching facilities affects students performance in financial accounts
  • The extent instructional materials affects students’ performance in financial accounts
  1. The remedial strategies towards students’ poor performance in financial accounts in private secondary schools in Ohazara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

Research Questions

  1. What are the causes of students’ poor performance in financial account in Ohaozara private secondary schools?
  2. What are the effects of poor teaching facilities on students’ performance in financial accounts?
  • What are the effects of instructional materials in student performance in financial accounts?
  1. What are the remedial strategies towards student poor performance in financial accounts in private secondary schools in Ohazara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State?

Significance of the Study

The research work is focused on the poor performance of students in financial accounts in senior secondary schools certificate examination in private schools in Ohaozara local government area.

For any effective learning to take place, the head of the schools should know the kind of teachers to be recruited in the schools, so that the schools will be provided with the best qualified teachers in financial accounts and other areas of study. The school libraries should also be properly equipped with relevant accounting textbooks to help poor student who cannot afford them.

This research work will also encourage the principals to put the interest of the school towards providing the best instructional materials that will help the teachers to carry out their work effectively such as calculator, textbooks, pen and chart which will help to arouse the interest of many students to study account and come out with a good grade.

Scope of the Study

This research work covered private schools in Ohaozara Local Government Area of Ebonyi State which comprises of four autonomous communities. Some of the existing secondary schools were randomly selected as samples for the study.

PROJECT TOPIC- CAUSES OF STUDENT’S POOR PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN OHAOZARA

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