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PROJECT TOPIC – CHARACTERIZATION AND STYLE IN NWADIKE’S TWO DRAMA TEXTS. ONYE KPAA NKU AHUHU AND NWATA BULIE NNA YA ELU.

 CHARACTERIZATION AND STYLE IN NWADIKE’S

TWO DRAMA TEXTS. ONYE KPAA NKU AHUHU AND

NWATA BULIE NNA YA ELU.

 

ABSTRACT

The study of Nwadike‟s characterization and style in his two plays Onye Kpaa Nkụ Ahụhụ and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu, is an attempt to assess him as an Igbo playwright. The study tries to investigate his employment of characters and language in the two drama texts. The study shows that Nwadike proves his art of imaginative and artistic composition of events in Onye Kpaa Nkụ Ahụhụ and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu. The sequence of events in the two drama texts are casually linked whereby both the characters, themes, actions, languages are united. Nwadike is highly moralistic in tone. He treats the theme of man‟s inhumanity to man especially with regards to girls‟ inordinate ambition in the area of choosing life partners. They suffer severely before they are rescued and restored.
He projects characters through their actions, as well as statements made by other participating characters about them. Most of the characters are fully developed whereas some are partly developed. He makes use of real names in presenting human characters and most times, some of these names are meant to depict or reflect the action of the characters. In the plays, events of the stories are presented sequentially and in their order of occurrence from the beginning to the end. The plots of the stories follow a pattern in which the link or the relationships between events are governed by causality. Nwadike has the mastery of the art of language use. His language generally is standard Igbo though he sometimes enriches his work with as many stylistic devices as possible like the use of foreign or loan words, Igbonization of some English words, and use of dialectal words among others.

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Since the end of the Nigerian civil war in 1970, there has been renewed interest in Igbo studies, particularly in the area of literature. Works written so far in Igbo literature support scholarship and those works to a great extent, have helped to manifest the rich potentials of the Igbo language. Moody (1969:63) postulates that “a people‟s culture is embodied in her literature”. The Igbo literature in effect has helped to project the cultural life of the Igbo people. Quite a good number of works have been written on drama, prose and poetry which form the major genres of Igbo literature. The most important aspect of these works is the fact that a good number of them contain the necessary aesthetic elements on which literary appreciation is based. At present, there are many prose, drama and poetry texts in Igbo available and many more are in the making. Among the numerous Igbo creative artists, Inno Nwadike has grained popularity because of the uniqueness of his style.

1.1 Background to the Study

Language is the most essential of all elements of literature. Without it nothing can be said or written in the first place. Nwadike‟s Onye Kpaa Nkụ Ahụhụ is a tragic play which deals with a lot of social criticism as well as didactic qualities. Therein, deviations from normal standards in the society and their consequences are exposed in order to make people think intelligently about them and, in the process, proffer solutions to these societal deviations. The play revolves around Ikechukwu, a university student, who seduces and puts Amaka, a teenage girl, in the family way. Amaka sues for marriage and Ikechukwu refuses. Amaka desperately curses Ikechukwu which results in Ikechukwu‟s later wife being barren. Finally, Ikechukwu goes to beg Amaka for the revocation of her curse and there comes the tragedy. Amaka faints and dies climaxing the drama.
Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu, another drama text written by Inno Nwadike, draws its thematic significance from the parable of the prodigal son in the Bible. In Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu, the author comments on the new trend of richness prevalent in our society these days where ill-gotten wealth is spread and spent with careless abandon. He deplores the modern trend whereby our youths have become irresponsible and are out of touch with the realities of life. By writing Onye Kpaa Nkụ Ahụhụ and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu, both of which deal with social criticism of the Nigerian situation, Nwadike X-rays and reflects the Igbo environment and seems to tell his follow Nigerians. “This is your picture, learn to live better lives, for whoever is asked to uphold his actions, is doing well, but whoever is asked to desist from his actions, is not doing well at all”.

Various playwrights have contributed in no small measure in enriching our knowledge of Igbo literature. Numerous literature on various Igbo literary genres have attracted many criticisms. However, not all aspects of the Igbo drama texts written by various authors have been studied. The present study considers the issues of characterization and style in Nwadike‟s Onye Kpaa Nku Ahụhụ and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu, so as to bring out their appropriateness and effectiveness or otherwise as literary texts. In doing this, we want to corroborate the observation of Emananjo (1981:16) who posits, Every good literary work should not be seen only from the point of entertainment, its appreciation should go beyond this to its use and organization of the various elements of literacy, aesthetics as well as the manipulation of language.

 

CHARACTERIZATION AND STYLE IN NWADIKE’S

TWO DRAMA TEXTS. ONYE KPAA NKU AHUHU AND

NWATA BULIE NNA YA ELU.

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The language of Onye Kpaa Nku Ahuhu and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu, is unique in the sense that it has sparked off debates among literary scholars. Unique in another sense that it toes a new literary line in the world of Igbo drama. It is against this backgrounds that this work is being embarked upon to reconcile the language arguments, and the new innovation introduced by these drama texts. In this study, we are going to look into Nwadike‟s style and characterization in the two drama texts so as to be able to identify the salient features of these texts and judge whether they are successful texts or not. To appreciate Igbo drama fully, these facts must be known and understood.

1.3 Objective of the Study

The objective of the study is to examine the issues of characterization and style of Nwadike‟s Onye Kpaa Nku Ahụhụ and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu, drama texts.
Specifically, the researcher seeks to: i) highlight the place of characterization and style in Nwadike‟s drama texts.
ii) identify his areas of strength and weakness in his employment of characterization and style in the two works.
iii) determine the suitability or otherwise of the characters and style he uses in these two drama texts.

1.4 Scope of the Study

The researcher confines his research work to characterization and style in Nwadike‟s Onye Kpaa Nkụ Ahụhụ and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu. However, the researcher in studying characterization and style in these two work may make references to other works.

 

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study of characterization and style in Igbo drama is of great importance for so many reasons. It will help to raise the status of Igbo drama by highlighting the author‟s strengths and weakness and suggesting possible solutions for improvement. This is why it is necessary to examine characterization and style which Nwadike uses in his two drama texts and how he has been able to use his wealth of professional experience to promote Igbo literature. This study will enable students of Igbo literature to know the strengths and weaknesses of characterization and style in Nwadike‟s Onye Kpaa Nku Ahuhu and Nwata Bulie Nna Ya Elu.
The study is also important because it will explore the literary ingenuity of this author. Furthermore, the works will contribute to the existing knowledge of Igbo drama and serve as reference material for future researcher.
Finally, the findings of this research will act as a stimulus to other Igbo playwrights especially those whose works are yet to attain scholarly standards.

 

CHARACTERIZATION AND STYLE IN NWADIKE’S

TWO DRAMA TEXTS. ONYE KPAA NKU AHUHU AND

NWATA BULIE NNA YA ELU.

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