PROJECT TOPIC- A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE COMMUNITY BASED POVERTY REDUCTION (CPRP) PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THROUGH THE NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION (NPC)

ABSTRACT

Poverty is an unfreedom and limitations to mankind and appears in different dimensions. This is why subsequent governments in Nigeria adopted different strategies to address the challenges posed by this monster called Poverty. The research work studied the implementation of the Community based Poverty Reduction Project (CPRP) by the Federal Government as a strategy to reduce the poverty of the citizens. The CPRP was piloted in 12 States of the Federation in two phases. The phase 1 which was assisted mainly by the World Bank was made up of Abia, Cross River, Ekiti, Kogi, Kebbi, and Yobe Sataes while the phase 2 states were Ebonyi, Kwara, Edo, Gombe, Osun and Zamfara States. While the World Bank funded two states in the phase 2 (Ebonyi and Kwara), the African Development Bank (ADB) funded the remaining four states (Edo, Gombe, Osun and Zamfara). The Study focused on the four states funded by the ADB which was coordinated by the National Planning Commission (NPC). The study opined that the
CPRP is a feasible strategy in that it enabled the poor which ordinarily were difficult to reach because of their remoteness to access poverty reduction through the implementation of micro projects/sub programmes by the communities. The data collected for the study was obtained mainly from the secondary sources. The primary source data was by conducting oral/personal interviews to confirm, verify and reinforce or otherwise the result of the analysis carried out on the secondary data. The secondary data were obtained from the records of the Social Fund Agencies saddled with the implementation of the project at the states and from the National Planning Commission (NPC) which coordinated the implementation of the project. The study formulated three hypotheses to guide the analysis of the data. The data was analyzed using simple percentages and proportions, tables and chi-square. The result of the analysis revealed that the CPRP aimed at improving the living conditions of the poor through targeted, cost effective, demand driven and promptly delivered programmes. The findings revealed that within a short period of five years and with a total sum of N2,652,521,721.45,a total of 872 communities accessed different poverty reduction projects spread across social service, Economic and Infrastructural sectors. The findings also revealed that the non involvement of the Local Governments in the process affected the utilization of some completed projects which required specialized manpower example community health centres for operationalization. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that the CPRP strategy should be adapted to fast track the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for Nigeria while the Local Government Councils which is closer to the communities should be involved by dedicating a department for CPRP activities. This would help in manpower planning and addressing such challenges if it crops up.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Poverty far from being a condition in which a person or people cannot afford the basic material necessities without which life becomes virtually unlivable, is a multidimensional and multifaceted phenomenon. Politically, it goes back beyond income inequality as it includes rights, power relations and access to and distribution of resources. Socially, it involves the question of human dignity, social relationships and opportunities. Thus poverty has become a social reality and a global affliction which virtually seems to have defied a permanent solution. This is why Onah (2006:314) emphasized that:
The issue of poverty has provoked concerns and debates among scholars and organizations in the world. It has become an issue of global interest. It
is a socio-economic epidemic affecting majority of the people in the world, including Nigeria.
Poverty as the Central Bank of Nigeria (2004) and Word Bank (1991:1) stressed is one of the symptoms and manifestations of underdevelopment. Nigeria’s poverty rate over the years has continued to grow unabated. According to the United Nations Reports (1999-2001) Nigeria’s Human Poverty Index (HPI) was 41.6% which places the country among the 25 poorest nations in the world. The HPI for some other African countries as indicated in the reports indicated that Zimbabwe, Botswana, Kenya Burkina Faso and Niger has 17.3%, 22.9%, 26.1%, 58.3% and 66.0% respectively.
Additional data from the Federal Office of Statistics (FOS, 1999) cited in Nwatu, (2006:295) further indicated that the life expectancy for Nigeria was 51 years, literacy rate was 51% and 70% of the rural population do not have access to potable water, healthcare facilities and electricity. The adult illiteracy rate for Nigeria is also increasing at a galloping rate while the infant mortality rates for Nigeria were 82 and 191 by 1995 Soludo (2004:12).
Assessment of the Federal Office of Statistics (FOS) indicated that the state by state poverty incidence in Nigeria between 1980 to 1996 show clearly high varying poverty levels among the states of the federation which simply tells us that the issue of poverty affects every nook and cranny of Nigeria (Soludo, 2004). 

PROJECT TOPIC- A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE COMMUNITY BASED POVERTY REDUCTION (CPRP) PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THROUGH THE NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION (NPC)

In the post colonial epoch of Nigeria, poverty has intensified by the many years of military rule and political instability and failure of civilian government since over 50 years, of independence from the British colonial era, coupled with poor policy and programme implementation, fiscal neglect, mismanagement, lack of investment to create employment opportunities that trickle down economic opportunities, corruption, and misappropriation, are the root causes of poverty in the country.

Although, poverty in Nigeria has colonial inducement but there are still no holistic policy approach to tackle the problem in the post-colonial era. Despite of the above, the Nigerian state through her government has expressed determination and effort at uplifting the living conditions of Nigerians, especially the poor. All of Nigeria’s National development plans since 1970, have emphasized poverty eradication as a key area of every government in power.

Since 1970, Nigerian governments-military and civilian rules have created virtually tantalizing array of policies, plans, programmes and projects to eliminate poverty. These include, Operation Feed the Nation (OFN); Green Revolution (GR), Directorate for Food Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI); National Directorate for Employment (NDE); Family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP); Go Bank to Land Porgamme (GBLP); Better Life for Rural Women Programme (BLRWP);
Federal Urban Mass Transit Authority (FUMTA), Nigerian Agricultural Corporative and Rural Development Bank (NAPCRDB); National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), Community Based Poverty Reduction (CBPR), and others which billions of naira and dollars have been invested in by both governmental and non-governmental agencies especially the donor agencies such as World Bank, International Monetary Fund, United Nations Children’s
Fund, International Development Association, among others.

 Apparently, these policies, plans, programmes and projects initiated by the government as its efforts to reduce poverty have explicitly failed to in their objectives to reduce poverty as it is more evident that poverty is still a chronic national problem. There is still a strong believe that poverty is at increase in some states where CBPR was implemented such as Ebonyi, Kwara, Sokoto, Therefore, this study is an attempt to critically examine the Community Based Poverty Reduction (CBPR) programme implemented by the Federal Government through the National Planning Commission (NPC).

1.2 Statement of the Problem 

Poverty has indeed become a pandemic national disease with symptomatic effects of high unemployment rates, poor health care, poor accessibility to water, food, housing, low human development, low per capita income, and poor infrastructural development. This has no doubt made poverty alleviation programme a recurring decimal in Nigeria’s public policy either in the military or the civilian rule as no administration has come to power  Without initiating a poverty alleviation package. In contrast, there are no empirical evidence or justifications to show for the enormous resources put into these programmes, as the rate of poverty has been progressively on the increase with each new poverty alleviation programme being implemented. Many people particularly in the rural areas are not aware of various government programmes on poverty alleviation. Those that are aware also hardly benefit from such poverty alleviation programmes due to some problems which one could describe as poor implementation and evaluation of programmes. The truth is that the beneficiaries of these poverty alleviation programmes are mainly people far above the poverty line or the rich. This situation has always present these programmes as illusive and deceit on the view of poor population (Nwatu, 2006).
Also in a situation, where the programme pays off, the situation is such that while in some areas governments addresses some of their community needs, in some other areas, there are no adequate provisions of government social amenities to better their lives. Hence, such communities resort to self-help community development projects in addressing some of their community needs. This has been a recurring decimal in Nigeria especially in the rural communities. Most communities in Nigeria exist with virtually no good roads, portable drinking water, security, health care clinic, electricity and good education due to absence of primary and secondary schools in the areas.

For instance, the report of the National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS) 2004, gave that about 40 per cent of rural communities lack electricity, good motorable roads, standard health centres and good water supply. Evidence from the NEEDS (2004:1) put that: Poverty has become endemic in Nigeria with almost 70% of the population below the poverty line. Poverty implies all the associated problems of low incomes, poor education and health, malnutrition, as well as social and political exclusion. The failure of previous anti-poverty programmes is partly because of lack of involvement or participation of the people and politicization of the programmes.

As carefully demonstrated by some scholars like (Nwatu, 2006:295; Onah, 2005:67 and Ukwedeh, 2003:245), this is true of such national initiatives on poverty alleviation like National Accelerated Food Production Programme (NAFPP), Operation Feed the Nation (OFN), Nigerian Green Revolution (NGR), Directorate for Food Roads and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI), National Directorate Employment (NDE), Better Life for Rural Women Programme (BLRWP), Family Support Programme (FSP), Family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP), Former Poverty Alleviation Programme and now National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP).

As a matter of fact, the initiation of these programmes as Abdullahi (2006:2) has strongly argued do not take into consideration, the environmental impact analysis (EIA) and social impact analysis (SIA) to give the problem a holistic approach.
Apparently, poverty alleviation programmes fail to achieve their objectives in the face of high incidence of corruption and lack of accountability of the implementing agencies. In most cases, at the implementing stage, the resources and funds allocated for the poverty alleviation programmes in Nigeria are diverted to private purse leaving the objectives of the programmes totally unachievable. In other words, programmes monitoring and evaluation are given less attention. In this condition, it becomes difficult to clearly ascertain who actually benefits from the programme, and the targeted population groups are not in most the true beneficiaries. Poor programme monitoring and evaluation hinders the progress and success of poverty alleviation

PROJECT TOPIC- A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE COMMUNITY BASED POVERTY REDUCTION (CPRP) PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THROUGH THE NATIONAL PLANNING COMMISSION (NPC)

TO GET THE FULL PROJECT TOPIC AND MATERIAL DELIVERED TO YOUR INBOX OR DOWNLOAD INSTANTLY, PAY N5000 Via: BANK
BANKACCOUNT NAME
ACCOUNT NUMBER
DIAMOND BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
007 031 2905
FIDELITY BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
560 028 4107
GTBFREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION013 772 5121
ZENITH BANK
FREEMANBIZ COMMUNICATION
101 326 3297
OR Pay Online with ATM
After Payment, you can use the chat app at the right hand side of your browser to download the material immediately or Text Name, Title of project paid for, your email address to 08060755653.FOR PAYPAL USERS OR INTERNATIONAL

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>