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PROJECT TOPIC- DIFFERENCE AND SIMILARITIES OF THE STUDENT’S PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ABAKALIKI EDUCATIONAL ZONE OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- DIFFERENCE AND SIMILARITIES OF THE STUDENT’S PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ABAKALIKI EDUCATIONAL ZONE OF EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Comparative analysis; Is an over view means of examining two or more things to discover the differences and similarities, in order to understand it more. Therefore, the emphasis of Basic Science and computer science has been greatly stressed in this study to obtain details on the studies relatively. However, Basic Science has been seen as a very vital skill for live long education. Also Basic Science is paramount important in every academic discipline and over all the social, political and economic development in the society.

However, computer science education is imperative in technological development of any country of the world, and Nigeria as a growing country needs technological transformation for the enhancement of the nation. Furthermore, it is important for us to described comparative education as Nicholas (1996) view it, as an attempt to discover the differences in the forces and causes that produce different educational systems, and the underlying principles which govern the development of the National system of education with modifications and changes which the circumstances provide a wealth of information and  never analytical approaches to system of education and show case the performance of students in different subjects like Basic Science and computer science which are medium for communication in everywhere in the world.

Basic science formally known as Integrated Science is a subject taught at both public and private schools at Junior Secondary School level. The main reason for teaching basic science is that it widens the knowledge of the students which enables them to appreciate the unity among science subjects. Furthermore, the recipients may gain the commonality of approach to solve problems of scientific nature (Bajah, 1993). According to the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (1970) Nigeria Integrated Science, now Basic Science should enable students to be able to:

  1. Observe carefully and thoroughly
  2. Report completely and accurately
  3. Organize information acquired
  4. Generalize on the basis of acquired information
  5. Predict as a result of the generalization
  6. Design experiments (including controls, where necessary to check the prediction).
  7. Use models to explain phenomena, where appropriate and
  8. Continue the process of inquiry when new data do not conform to predictions.

To achieve these objectives, it is suggested that the teaching and learning of Basic Science should involve the use of innovative methods in teaching; methods like discovery, problem-solving, open ended field trip and laboratory method among others.

Results from previous researchers showed that the teaching and learning of Basic Science in Nigeria in general and Ebonyi State in particular have not been encouraging, (Nwafor, 2008) present day statistics on the students’ performance tend to show that the teaching and learning of Basic Science as a subject at the Junior Secondary School is inadequate.

Computer Education is very essential in all human endeavour. As Omegboji (1997), referred computer as a system science corroborates in integration of knowledge and computer does the job of sharpening, harnessing, refining and restricting the intellectual fault of the people in their different levels and position.

The most obvious reason for introducing computer science education in secondary schools is to equip students with the knowledge of computer in order to live as useful and effective member of the society. Descarfer (1997) stated that, if knowledge of science cannot be transformed into computer language, that language is of inferior type which implies that they work hand in hand.

According to Bamiro (2006) advocated that computer is a machine that can process information to produce information at a speed and accuracy that are humanly impossible. Laksebikan (2009) also view computer as a machine which accepts data from an input device, processes that data by performing arithmetic/logical operation and later supplies the result of the processed data as information through an output device.

In the area of student’s performance, Chukwuemeka and Otiji (2012) are of the opinion that, the ability of a student to interact and relate or work with order people helps students to develop skills that help them to be useful in their school and society at large. A student who don’t possess the ability to communicate well either in computer or English through their writing and reading, and speaking are not likely to perform well.

To be academically well in this form of education a student must be extremely self-motivated and self-disciplined. Before a student should have academic balance he/she needs a great deal of commitment and discipline that most student do not have unit in the process of their education.

PROJECT TOPIC- DIFFERENCE AND SIMILARITIES OF THE STUDENT’S PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ABAKALIKI EDUCATIONAL ZONE OF EBONYI STATE

Statement of the Problem

The emphasis has been laid on the issue of academic performance of students in Basic Science and computer science.

The importance of Basic Science as the basics to other science disciplines cannot be over stated. It lays the foundation to other science subjects. However, a look at the Junior School Certificate Examination (JSCE) results of some schools in Ebonyi State reveals that students’ performance in Basic Science shows unimpressive performance of students in Basic Science. There is also the tendency of some parents to prefer private schools to public schools for their children. The problem of this study therefore is: What must be done to bring about comparatively high academic performance in Junior Secondary Certificate Basic Science Examination in Public and Private Schools in Ebonyi State

The emphasis in the work is to discover the extent of the student’s ability to function in the society, a comparative analysis of computer and basic science. Also, Fermat (2007) view computer science as bedrock of any nation’s development, it has in recent days witnessed a downward trend and negative attitudes of students in secondary schools found in Abakaliki Educational Zone of Ebonyi State. Despite the fact that there has been a lot of hues and cries and consistent call to improve teaching and learning of computer to enhance student achievement in schools, most of the courses done in secondary schools, like Integrated Science, mathematics and other science subject can be taught using computer system; the use of computer games which are being played with computer system help to arouse students interest and create a congenial atmosphere for learning.

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to find out the difference and similarities of the student’s performance in basic science and computer science in junior secondary school in abakaliki educational zone of ebonyi state. Specifically, it seek:

  1. To use ranking methods of influencing factors in predicting student’s academic performances in learning of computer science and Basic Science.
  2. To enhance and determine the academic performances of the students by effective use of instructional materials of Basic Science and computer science.
  3. To state the measure in identifying the academic performance of students in computer science and Basic Science.
  4. To find the cause of poor performance of students in teaching and learning of Basic Science and computer science and how to reduce it.

Scope of the Study

          The research work is geared towards making a comparative analysis of academic performance of computer and basic science of Junior Secondary students in Abakaliki Educational Zone. Abakaliki Educational zone is one of the three educational zones in Ebonyi state. Abakaliki educational zone comprises of secondary schools in Izzi, Abakaliki, Ebonyi and Ohaukwu Local government areas. Ebonyi state was carved out of the Abakaliki division of Enugu state and old Afikpo division of Abia state.

 

Significance of the Study

          The result of this study will help teachers within Abakaliki Educational Zone Area to know the area of much emphasis in their teaching methods. This study would provide the Ministry of Education with useful information based on poor or good performance of students in Basic Science and computer science and so many examination bodies, which would make teachers of Basic Science and computer science and also establish computer laboratory for effective practical work on computer studies.

The officials of education services and curriculum planners in this area of Basic Science and computer science would benefit from the findings of this study. They would be provided with some information on the need to inculcate effective communication of Basic Science and computer science by the students.

Research Questions

 

PROJECT TOPIC- DIFFERENCE AND SIMILARITIES OF THE STUDENT’S PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ABAKALIKI EDUCATIONAL ZONE OF EBONYI STATE

 

 

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