PROJECT TOPIC : effective leadership has helped to achieve the organisational goals of NNPC.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Leadership is a topic of great concern to managers, employers, and the general public. Good leadership is essential to government, to business and to countless group and organizations that shapes the way which lives works and play. Many managers believe that leadership is the major determinant of organizational success. This belief can be seen in the thousands of naira spent annually by individual companies on leadership programmes.
Government has been wrecked in some countries due to bed leadership. There are such comments as “He is a very effective leader”, “the company failed because it lacked effective leadership”, “the country lacked effective leadership”, “and leadership makes the differences between success and failure”.
In the achievement of organisational goals and objectives of any organisation, an effective leadership or leader is obviously an important ingredient. The follower acts as a compliment to the leader in the achievement of the organizational goals of any organisation. If there is no effective leader, most organizational goals and objectives may not be adequately realised.
When leaders who are professionals in their respective fields are involved in the management to a company, the impact on their achievement is easily noticeable. This becomes a dynamic force in most sectors of our economy today and emphasis on the crucial native of effective leadership.
In commerce, similar attempts are directed towards appointing leaders who will be able to run the organization effectively and efficiently for the achievement of Organisational goals. Leadership increasingly becomes under great pressure from the followers and from the environments.
With the presence of effective leadership, there are efficient and effective management of government enterprises to perform up to expectations. Like most other tools for achieving organizational goals effective leadership is faced with some constraints which prevent some enterprises from achieving their normal goals ad objectives.
Also, most management is not even aware of the exact constraints to the effective leadership. The exigency of the situation created by effective leadership encourages research on the issue of “EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP AS A TOOL FOR ACHIEVING ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS”. The dream of improving government enterprises can only be achieved through effective and efficient leadership and it is an account of this that this work is embarked upon.
As a result of this, NNPC as government owned enterprises has therefore been selected as a case study for this research. This work when completed is expected to help companies whether in the Oil sector or non oil sector, private or government owned to understand and manipulate effective leadership in achieving organizational goals.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEMS
There are so many problems that hinder the NNPC for the achievement of the organizational aims and objectives. These problems are PLANNING. This is regarded as one of the crucial element/aspect of the administrative functions of the chief executives. This concerns working out in broad outline, the things that must be done in an organization and also involves the forecasting of the future and making preparation to meet it. Planning constitutes problem in the leadership of NNPC for the achievement of its organizational goals. The political interference in the business of NNPC does not allow for effective planning of the business.
STAFFING: Is concerned with the personnel function of devising efficient and effective system of recruitment, training and providing favourable condition for work. NNPC does not have proper staffing personnel as being effected by the activities of politicians. The leader of NNPC appoints unqualified personnel’s to fill some important or key post in the NNPC management who has nothing to contribute to the growth and development of corporation.
DIRECTING: It involves making appropriate decisions and seeing that such decisions are embodiment in order and instructions in an away to ensure effective and efficient enterprise aimed at achieving predetermined goals of an organization. Due to unqualified personnel seen in the management and leadership of NNPC, giving direction or directives becomes difficult as communication is hard to pass through because of the lack of experiences in the office. This is a bane to the development of NNPC.
BUDGETING: This function of chief executive forms the hallmark of his position because; administration cannot be separated from finance. This task is concerned with accounting and costing of financial management. It can be seen that no sectors or ministry even government owned business is free from corruption. NNPC is filled with corrupt practice which hinder it function as result of its bad leaderships which has assumed a great dimensions in the business of NNPC. Some of this problems based on the research are
- Is effective leadership the only dependent variable for achieving organizational goals and objective?
- Is the success of an organisations a large extent tightly dependent on the quality of it leadership?
- How is the possibility of achieving the goals and, objectives of NNPC through its leadership?
- Does it mean that without the help of an efficient and effective leader an organisation cannot achieve its pre-determined goals and objectives? The identification, examination and analysis of effective leadership as they operate in NNPC have led to our work.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The aim of this research is to determine through empirical investigation and analysis those factor considered as:
- Tools for achieving organizational aims and objectives. It is also the objective of this study to examine the following points.
- That effective leadership in the work place is a function of many variables which collectively help the leader to contribute towards the attainment of the organizational aims and objectives.
- To assist the relationship between the executive and subordinates. The result of the evaluation will help in the solution of the research problem.
- To untold the roles played by effective and efficient leadership in achieving organisational aims and objectives.
1.4 SIGNIFANCE OF THE STUDY
Proper evaluation of effective leadership as a tool for achieving organisational goals and objectives and the findings resulting from the efforts shall undoubtedly and the company or enterprise involved to do better and the result of the study could also provide basis for improvement of government and private enterprises.
The company involved can employ the techniques more effectively to ensure optional result. The out-come of this study is also expected to contribute to the expansion of his total knowledge base in this aspect of study.
PROJECT TOPIC : effective leadership has helped to achieve the organisational goals of NNPC.
Another aspect is that this study will offer a basis for tuture researcher who shall find and use this study as a reference material when analyzing other issues related to this.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study examines the role played by effective leadership in the achievement of organisational aims and objectives. It is limited to cover the port-Harcourt Zone, which is divided in two sectors; they are the zonal office of Moscow-Road and the Retinary at Eleme field. It also raises some problems uncounted in the causes of the study and more solutions to them which will improve the achievement of organisational goals and objectives of NNPC.
1.6 HYPOTHESIS FORMULATION
In pursuance of the objectives of the research, the following hypothesis as regards the position of the research are regards the position of the research are formulated.
- Achieving the organisational goals is dependent on effective leadership.
- The policy types of board help the organisation to achieve their goals.
- Staff dedication and loyalty yields programs for NNPC.
1.7 METHOD OF THE RESEARCH
The research design for this study has the following elements:
Data collection methods used was obtained through personal interviews conducted during the preliminary stages of the study.
There was the organisation of planned observation of office Management performance and also data obtained from information bulletin of NNPC. The type f interview conducted is the unstructured openended type.
Secondary data also supplemented the primary data and they were from a review of journals of NNPC standard text books related to the topic and internal secondary data from document on the company history.
The research instrument used was personal interviews conducted during the preliminary stages of the study and this involves the researcher:
(i) Discussing with the leaders or executives of the company and interacting with subordinates in NNPC Port-Harcourt as one of the simple areas.
1.8 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
In carrying a research work of this nature, the use of theoretical frame is imperative. This work is based on the theory of communication (cybernatics)
In a popular parlance, communication can be said to be a conversation between one person or group of persons and another on a given particular subject. It can take place among organisations, institutions or parties through represented by people. Communication is ever present among nations and even international organizations especially during diplomatic bargaining and even business transactions.
The great impact that communication has in contemporary era had brought about the assertion that the world today is a “global village” as a result of communication. A known communication theorist Karl, Deutsch (1963) stated that “it deals with information which can be analysed, and which reaches organs of decision making in any given political system”.
Relating communication theory (cybernetics) to NNPC management, one can see vividly that information, directives, order passes from the group managing director of NNPC down to the various departments like the marketing department of the company. This is done to achieve the aims and objective of the co-operation.
Another is the system theory. The NNPC as a co-=operation is made up of several systems and subsystems just like the international system in constant relationship. We can understand NNPC by looking at system theory or analysis. A system is made up of several organs in constant interaction (or element).
The system work to maintain stability and any break down on any part of the system disrupts normal process of functioning. The different organs that made up the system have their special roles and they work to up hold the stability of the system. This kind of stability in the system is what we call HOEMEOSTASIS. And every aspect of the system work towards the achievement of a goal for example, the human body system.
With the above illustrated examples, the NNPC is like a system made up of various departments like marketing department, distribution department, production department and so on.
Every of the above afforsaid department is like a sub system working under the system which is the NNPC. Each of them plays an important role in the NNPC and any disruption of normal process of functioning within the departments can effects the co-operation business of production of fuel, gas kerosene etc.
Again is group theory for example, a group is set up (persons) by a constituted authority to look into a conflict with first of all knowing the immediate cause of the problem. A group is also persons which have leaders that are assigned a specific responsibility or responsibilities to do. This group shared this responsibility into smaller part for performance. Each group performs their task with the zeal of bringing them together to form a particular purpose.
The NNPC as cooperation is made up of many groups like the group of persons that can be found in distribution, production and marketing. All is to achieve the production, distribution and the marketing of the products through out the country and out side the country. The production group cannot do the job alone neither can the distribution nor the marketing do the job alone. It requires a collective responsibility or effort to attain the aims and objective of NNPC through EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT.
1.9 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF THE TERMS:
In order to avoid confusion in this work, some basic terms on which our discussion are predicted are defined or given clarification as used in this work.
- GOVERNMENT OWNED ENTERPRISES: This is the same as state owned enterprises. These are enterprises established and run by the government, according to Ukw (1986, p.16) they are “the whole range of business in which government has a controlling interest.
- ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE: Macfarlan (1970, p.103) defined organizational structure as “the pattern of network of relationship between the various positions and the position holders”. He further maintained that both formal and informal organizations posses structure, the former being defined by executive decision and the informal developing out of interactions and sentiment of particular individuals comprising the organizations.
- EFFICIENCY: The degree of effectiveness with which something is done or of the persons who does it. Technically, it could also be defined as the ratio of the work done to the work needed.
- EFFECTIVENESS: This can be generally looked upon as the extent to which organization realizes its goals and objectives.
- LEADERSHIP: This refers to ability to influence a group towards the achievement of goals. It is the activity of influencing people to strive willingly for group objectives.
- MOTIVATION: This refers to anything that moves or extends to move a person to course of action. Motivation releases stimuli which creates drives, which is in turn reinforced by the offer of reward of one kind or another.
- MORALE: This refers to favourable attitudes on the part of a member or members of a group towards its goals and leadership. “It is a social device for efficiently accomplishing some stated purposes though group means.
1.10 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY.
In this research work, there is no doubt that some problem was encountered which affected the progress of the research. It was difficult to get permission to be allowed to collect data from the corporation. Several trips were made to NNPC port-Hacourt Zonal Office Moscow Road to get permission from the public relation office.
Some workers declined and other reluctant to discuss information needed with reason that it is against their ethnic. Also, there was problem of cost which I managed to up date from different sources. However, most of the other problems were reduced by the presentation of my identity card, letter of identification from my school, my being friendly with them as well as explaining the aim of the research.