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PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF IMPROPER SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NKALAGU COMMUNITY OF ISHIELU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF IMPROPER SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NKALAGU COMMUNITY OF ISHIELU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The research work is carried out due to the menace of improper solid waste management in Nkalagu Community which causes, some specific health hazards that probably led to illnesses in the Community. Improper waste management causes various types of pollution; air, soil, thermal, radiation and water. Indiscriminate dumping of waste contaminates surface and ground water supplies (Ivi, 2014).

Solid waste can be defined as unwanted, or any discarded materials arising from human’s activities and which are not free flowing (Olorunda, Omonayajo, Aibor, 2012). According to Ovu (2015), solid waste management are measures taken to ensure that waste generated in the community/surroundings , industries, workplaces are well disposed of to its final stage in way that it will not pose hazards to man and his property.

Poor solid waste management has been a deadly practice and a problem to public health. It has attracted the interest of the government, non-governmental organization and the World Health Organization in general. The effect of improper solid waste management imposes danger on Man’s health. Indiscriminate and inappropriate domestic litter disposal habits as well as poor industrial waste disposal system have been identified and proved to be basic features in rural settlement.

Solid waste management is therefore an act of professional and skillful arrangement of human and material resources in the collection, storage, transportation, treatment and disposal of waste in such a way that it will not constitute risk and hazards to human and to his environment (Ovu 2015). In the early days, waste disposal did not pose difficulty as habitants were sparse and land was plentiful.

Waste disposal become problematic with the rise of towns and cities where large numbers of people started to congregate in relatively small area in pursuit of livelihoods (Sahfiul and Mansor, 2013). It can also lead to odour, nuisance, fly infestation, unsightliness, accident, breeding of vectors, poor aesthetic nature of the environment. These are all related to the practice of poor solid waste management. This can result in the loss of human resources needed in the development of the country (Freduah, 2014).

In the recent past, various methods have been employed in the management of waste generated by residents and industrial owners, these methods includes, burning, composting, controlled tipping, industrial incineration and recycling. The growth in population and urbanization accelerated by industrialization in most of our towns and cities (Unuary 2008). Waste management especially in Nigeria and other developing countries in Africa, is hydra-headed. It poses a multi-dimensional problem ranging from collection to disposal owing to the level of orientation of the generators of waste and the technological advancement of the agencies saddled with the responsibility of managing waste (Ivi, 2014).

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF IMPROPER SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NKALAGU COMMUNITY OF ISHIELU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The problems of poor solid waste management, is a worldwide problem and the impact of improper solid waste management has exposed many people to communicable diseases like cholera, malaria, typhoid, and other hazardous conditions like odour, nuisance, fire disasters, accidents, unsightliness, flies infestation, soil pollution etc. All these problems attracted the attention of the researcher to embark on this project; “Effect of Improper management of solid waste in Nkalagu Community”.

STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

This study will specifically address the effects of improper solid waste management in Nkalagu community of Ishielu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study is important or relevant in the following areas such as:

  • To know the implication of improper solid waste management in the study area and its attendant effect on the health of the inhabitants and environment.
  • The health condition of the inhabitants will be improved leading to accomplishment of the purpose or objectives.
  • The study will also induce or elicit more research on the practice.
  • It will awaken the Ministry of Environment to train and engage more qualified Environmental Health Officers on solid waste management programmes.

JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

The reason why this study was carried out is to inculcate into the members of the community; the need to stop practicing improper solid waste management forthwith.

BROAD OBJECTIVE

To identify the effect of improper solid waste management.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE

  1. To know whether the people of Nkalagu community have the knowledge of solid waste management method.
  2. To identify the causes of poor solid waste management among the inhabitants of Nkalagu community.
  3. To assess the health and environmental implication of poor solid waste management in Nkalagu community.
  4. To determine the effective ways of managing solid waste in Nkalagu community.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. Are the inhabitants of Nkalagu community aware of the solid waste management method?
  2. Are there factors that led to improper solid waste disposal in the community?
  3. Are there any significant effect of poor solid waste management on the health of the people and their environment?
  4. What method do we adjudge to be safe and effective in the management of solid waste?

OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS

These terms are defined according to their contextual meaning or how they appear in the study and not necessarily their generally acceptable definitions:

SOLID WASTE: Can be defined as unwanted or any discarded materials arising from human’s activities and which are not free flowing.

WASTE MANAGEMENT: This refers to the measures taken to ensure that waste generated in the community/surrounding, industries, workplaces are well disposed of to its final stage in a way that will not pose hazard to man and his environment.

WASTE: This could be defined as useless or object that arises from the residential areas, industries, agricultural and livestock activities generated at a particular period of time to a particular individual/group of persons which may be important to another man.

HAZARD: Is a situation which can constitute risk or dangerous conditions within the working and living environment that have tendency of causing injury and accidents.

HEALTH: A state of complete physical, mental, social and spiritual well-being of an individual and not merely the absence of disease or infirmities.

HEALTH OFFICER: These include a medical officer of health, a health superintendent or environmental health officers or health inspectors or other person acting under the authority or person serving in the medical health department of the state or federal government or in the services of the local government.

NUISANCE: Any act, omission, place or thing which is injurious to the health of man and property.

SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL: The final placement of refuse that is not salvaged or recycled.

SANITATION: Control of physical factors in the human environment that could harm development, health or survival.

SANITARY LANDFILL: Is defined as a controlled method of disposing of waste by spreading them in layers compacting them with soil anytime the operation is performed in order to reduce environmental health nuisances.

SANITARY INSPECTION: Official visit carried out by a qualified and licenced E.H.O for the purpose of detecting and abating nuisances.

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH: This is defined as the control of all those factors in man’s physical environment which exercise or may exercise deleterious effects on man and his physical development, health and survival.

COMBUSTIBLE: These are waste materials that can be burn easily on exposure to fire e.g. cardboard paper, rags, leather and rubber.

NON-COMBUSTIBLE WASTE: These are waste materials that cannot be burnt easily when subjected to fire and cannot easily catch fire, e.g. broken bottle, block and cans etc.

SALVAGE: Utilization of waste material.

LEACHATE: A liquid that results from water collecting contaminants as it trickles through waste in dumps or landfill.

SCAVENGERS: Are waste pickers who involved in the activity of initial collection, purchase, and processing of recoverable material. They provide informal collection, recovering additional materials at the curve, dumps, and landfills and it helps in the reduction of the amount of solid waste to be disposed.

Oreyomi (2005), classified solid waste as

  1. Combustible items such as carton, boxes, plastics, clothing etc.
  2. Non combustible articles such as cans, ashes, glass, metals, furniture and bathtubs etc. He further observed that”

GARBAGE denotes waste resulting from growing, handling, preparation and consumption of food. It attracts and breeds flies and other insects and it emits odour.

RUBBISH comprises of combustible and non-combustible items such as paper, plastic, cans and glass while

INDUSTRIAL WASTE: are saw dust, paper and iron.

AGRICULTURAL WASTE: are wastes originating from agricultural products such as corn cubs, banana stub, skin and leaves.

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF IMPROPER SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NKALAGU COMMUNITY OF ISHIELU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

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