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PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING COMPUTER STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN STUDENT IN EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING COMPUTER STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN STUDENT IN EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

Attainment of any teaching and learning objectives involves both human resources and materials resources and factors, that is, the teacher who is the enforcer of the subject content and the availability of both convectional materials and improvised materials, otherwise known as instructional materials. These factors must be in place to ensure an attained educational objective, instructional materials are said to be all those materials needed in the classroom to be used by the teacher for the purse of facilitating teaching and learning, According to Kay (2008), instructional materials stimulates the student desire to learn, it assist learning process by making assimilations and memorizing of the learned topic easy for student

Agun (2008) refers to them as learning materials, the proper use which helps learners to learn faster and better. Offering computer studies, the computer itself serves as an instructional material because the subject is more of concrete object that can been seen and touched by both the teacher and learners (Ituma, 2010). According to Benson (2011) instructional materials are materials or tools locally made or imported that could make tremendous enhancement of lessons impact if intelligently used.

In most cases learner have the difficulty in understanding some certain concepts as a result of their cognitive operation and ability, hence the need for teachers to employ materials and methods that will facilitate student understanding of the concepts as in the case of computer studies is appreciated. It is against this background that jean Piaget postulated human beings to be classified along sensory motor, pre operational, concrete and abstract cognitive level.

In a real sense, a teacher is someone who combines materials and interpret concepts in other to have desired change or outcome in the learners. The role of a teacher is often formal and ongoing carried out by way of occupation or profession at school or other formal sittings. Education has instrumentally impacted positively to the survival of the society at large, this sole reason is why modifications are required in the educational field in other to induce and facilitate teaching and learning. And also meet up with latest changes and trends.

Education of yester years relied on few or no instructional materials in trying to impact knowledge in learners, their assumptions was that knowledge can be forced on student regardless of the individual differences that is found in the classroom. The subject computer studies was introduced into the secondary school curriculum to develop and input in learners the right knowledge and skills about computer as and also to empower the youth through entrepreneurships since computer centre are current moving trend in the society,(Adebayo 2013).

According to Abu Jabber (2004), the importance of computer device in our society cannot be over-emphasized and that is the reason why the teaching of the computer studies should not be toyed with and should be handled with proper instructional materials. Instructional material is a major determinant that controls the pace of teaching and learning in the classrooms. Okereke (2009) stressed that many school in the state level cannot boast of instructional materials and contend that every government should make education a top priority to help improve the standard of education by providing instructional materials. Instructional material is an aid of teaching and learning. It helps to raise learning from verbalization to practical aspect of teaching and learning, instructional materials makes teaching and learning interesting, easy and amusing, makes learning effective.

Otu ( 2007 ) stressed out that the computer studies is a “tool”; it is real and should be treated as such, the inability to produce the right teaching instructional materials posses a big threat in student academic achievement and performance in the subject ,For computer studies to be learned properly there must be a computer device, due to the fact that the subject present a level of abstract concepts that need to be visualized by student so as to induce their understanding and to remedy the issue of individual differences.

Therefore for the effective understanding of the subject matter in computer studies and for student to perform better in Ebonyi state, there is great need to examine the effect of instructional materials on teaching and learning of computer studies with the aim of stimulating the interest of the student.

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING COMPUTER STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN STUDENT IN EBONYI STATE

Statement of the Problem

The junior secondary school is the first part of the secondary school level of education according to the national policy on education, which means that proper attention is needed to ensure that student perform well academically, this will not be possible without the application of instructional material in the classroom. The teachers’ level of resourcefulness, creativity and imagination is credited to the achievement of quality of education, these are expressed on how well the teacher is able to perceive, create use important information that can enhance and promote effective teaching and learning activities.

In Ebonyi State, there is a fair use of instructional materials which makes teaching a learning activities mere theoretical, abstract ineffective. The issue of whether instruction materials provide the necessary knowledge widely recognized in the central role assimilation and retention of information, it makes available to a wider audience. Instructional materials is a major determining variables that control the pace learning. It has to do with the creation of environment in which students can develop the full potentials and lead productive lives accordance with the demands of their interest, either as individuals or as group within the society.

The Nigerian government, at all levels over the years placed enormous emphasis instructional materials in shaping efforts a strategies aimed at improving students standard of learning in the country but both theoretical and empirical literature failed to captive the real factors as to why the standard of education in the country still remain very low.

 Purpose of the study

The very purse of conducting this investigation is,

  • To compare the performance or achievement of student taught using instructional materials and those taught without the aid of instructional materials.
  • To see the difference between male and female performances in computer studies.
  • To see the interaction effect treatment and gender of student achievememt in computer studies.

 Significance of the study

Due to the importance of the subject computer studies and the role it plays to inculcate in learners the ability to build self confidence in using the computer, this study need to be examined.

The result of this study will unveil to teachers the importance of instructional materials in the classroom and make them appreciate it use age.

The findings of this study will serve as a reference document to groups and learners when conducting research on the effects of instructional materials in computer studies.

And also, the findings of this study will help curriculum planners attach great importance to instructional materials and also well make them to be conscious of integrating instructional aids and theoretical frameworks in curriculum developments.

This study will also play a vital role as source of information to the government of Ebonyi state that inability to provide adequate instructional materials in the subject is leading to the failure of the attainment of the subject instructional aims and objectives.

 Scope of the study

The study focuses on the effects of instructional materials in teaching and learning computer studies in junior secondary school in student in Ebonyi state. It also encompasses both private and public schools in Ebonyi state.

 

Research question

The following set of questions was designed to guide the study for better comprehension:

  • What is difference between achievement of student taught using instructional materials and student taught without the use of instructional materials?
  • What is the difference between achievement of male student and that of female student in the experimental group?

What is the interaction effect between treatment and gender on student achievement computer studies?

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING COMPUTER STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN STUDENT IN EBONYI STATE

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2 Comments

  1. Avekaan Nathaniel msugh January 8, 2018

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