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PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON EMPLOYEES MOTIVATION

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON EMPLOYEES MOTIVATION

ABSTRACT

In this dissertation, prior theory and empirical evidence were reviewed as to the relevant traits and behaviors of an effective developmental leader. This research is the genesis in the formation and development that validates the traits and behaviors of effective developmental leadership theory, which specifies the leader’s traits and behaviors that enhance sub-ordinate performance, innovative thinking, and organizational growth. This study identified the traits and behaviors of an effective developmental leader”-one whose primary focus is the development of the people and the organization he or she lead. The study determined the traits and behaviors of a leader who posses an effective developmental orientation towards people. The research incorporated both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies. Data was collected using both open ended questions and Likert-type scaled instruments. This data was analyzed using both statistical techniques and expert panel. The results of this study yielded six identified traits and seven identified behaviors of a developmental leader. A developmental leader was found to possess the following traits analytical, assertive, cooperative, dedicated, personable, and practical. A developmental leader would also possess the following behaviors: advisor, charismatic, competitive, delegator, developer, focused, and supportive.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

11 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In any organization, large difference can be observed among leaders and subordinates based on the performance of their work roles. Some employees show enthusiasm and initiative in the exercise of their responsibilities. Others do as they are required in a regimented and conscientious manner and seldom show the creativity expected on the job, thus performing below standards.

The situations therefore result in a number of questions being raised. Why the differences in performance? Do the high performance employees possess more creative ability than others? It seems much more plausible that a large part of the differences among employees in the performance of their job i the result of the motivational differences and leadership style as applied by their superiors or leaders.

The relationship between leadership and employee motivation cannot therefore be divorced. A leader by virtue of his position of authority is accountable to the success of his organization. This is the good attainment, which hinges on a number of factors ranging from leadership style to the encouragement or motivational incentives given to the employee. Performance is a function of ability, motivation and availability of relevant resources planned, organized, directed and co-ordinated by leader in a work environment

The result of Elton Mayo’s Hawthorne experiment between 1924 and 1932 provided a basis for group activity in an organization. It implies that the leaders must work hand-in-hand with his subordinates to achieve goals. He postulates that “once group collaboration is achieved the work relation jn the workplace may reach a cohesion that may resist the destru effects of any adaptive society”.

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON EMPLOYEES MOTIVATION

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The main issue of this research work seeks to answer is whether the leadership style exhibited by those in authority serve as motivational factor to their subordinates or if reverse is the case.

Though there have been a number of factors which have been identified as motivators to mployees in places of work, among which are good working condition and good pay, a major problem is n identifying other factors which could make an employee put in his best in the line of production of goods or services which would result in a higher level of productivity for the sustenance of the organization as a whole.

In tackling the problem, effort will be made to define leadership and leadership styles, motivation theories and techniques and examine how such style influence employees’ motivation in an organization.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

In any industrial organization workers are expected to put in their maximum input so that the output of the organization would be able to sustain the organization. Hence, profit maximization through higher jOb performance then becomes the major determinantthat can make an industry to continue i ‘existence.

The objectives of this study are:

To address the impacts or effects of influences of leadership style on employees motivation, that is to identify whether the leadership style is production-centred or employee-centred and determine whether a relationship exist between the two.

  • It is equally aimed at investigating whether there is any significant differences in the sex, income, educational qualification, ages and other determining variables and then be able to ascertain to a greater extent why such exist.
  • It is also the intention of this research work to prove into the performance appraisal as an instrument to motivate the employees and determine whether the application of such have any significant influence on employees’ performance on their jobs in order to increase the output level of the organization.

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1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following are tentative research questions formulated to have a clear focus of the study.

  1. Does leadership style have any effect or impact on employee motivation?
  2. To what extent does performance appraisal influence employees motivation?
  3. Does leadership styles take into ‘consideration employees in decision making process?

d Can the effect of leadership style on employee motivation lead to labour turnover?

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study to the organization in Nigeria, and labour in general cannot be over-emphasized. Situations demand what operates in an environment. Individual differences make people react differently. This therefore poses diffçrent attitude or behaviours in a work environment. The leadership style of individual leader is therefore influenced by this and this determines whether a leader believes m motivating subordinates before he could perform or not TIus study will therefore probe into such relationship between the leaders and the employees.

The needs and desires of employees differ from time to time in a working environment. What happens to employees at theory working place had profound effect on their lIfe, upon the society and the orgänizátion they work for and such effect on impact cannot be ignored if the quality of life in the society is to be desirable. In organizational environment, the interpersonal relationship between the leaders and the subordinates will enhance a team spirit; improve performance because the leader will be able to identify tl needs and desires of the subordinates.

The findings of this research study would assist the management of any organization to fashion out their policies in the direction that will positively affect

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their employees’ attitudes and behaviour on the job and how rooms can be created for improvement or performance through the implementation of relevant motivational techniques.

It is also anticipated that the results of this research study would contribute to a fuller comprehension of the relationship between the management and the

subordinates (employees) so that tension in the work environment, labour turnover, absenteeism, etc would be reduced.

Moreover this research work will go a long way to assisting management of most of our industrial concerns to finding not only imm but permanent remedy to the incidence of industrial disputes and strikes between management and their workers ‘who would have been satisfied from the motivational techniques employed by the organization to address their needs and desires and thus improving level of their performance and increasing organizational goals and objectives. The adoption of performance appraisal as awinstrument for evaluation of employees’ behaviour will also be appreciated by them.

i.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

In the pursuance of the objectives of this study, the scope will be on the effects of ‘leadership .styl on employees’ motivation as it exists in organization, and the focus will be on both the junior and senior categories of staff in Nigeria Breweries Plc, Apapa branch in ,order to identify their opinions make room for more comparisons. The importance. appraisal to the organization as an evaluation

technique to determine who, how and when motivation and rewards are to be made Some motivational techniques which may be relevant to propel the workers to perform will be identified and the significance of decision making process especially will be of priority.

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DEFINITION OF TERMS

  • • Leadership: Is the process of influencing group activities towards the achievement of goals.

+ Leadership Style: This is the behaviour a leader exhibits towards group members or individual employee in the work environment.

+ Leader: Is one that inspires or stimulates other people to work willingly towards the accomplishment of a goal.

+. Motivation: Willingness of action especially in behaviour.

  • • Needs are the internal, felt wants of individuals. It is also called drives or desires.

Performance appraisal is a parameter for evaluating the behaviour of individual employees and the organization.

Motivation techniques are motivational methods that may be employed to enhance performance of employees.

+ Decision making refers to actions employed to get things done through directives.

+ Corporate performance: It is known as organizations success in the ability of an organisation to achieve the desired goals.

+ Motivational: Tending or intended to motivate.

Management: The process or practice of managing.

Employee: A person who perform duties for a company for an enterprise for a stated amount of money and or benefit.

+ Subordinate: They are the workers who work and ensure that the objectives of the organization are achieved.

+ Organisation: Is a group of people bound together to provide unity of action for the achievement of a predetermined objectives.

PROJECT TOPIC- EFFECTS OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON EMPLOYEES MOTIVATION

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