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PROJECT TOPIC- EMPLOYEE WELFARE/SAFETY AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A CASE OF ANAMMCO NIGERIA LIMITED ENUGU

PROJECT TOPIC- EMPLOYEE WELFARE/SAFETY AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A CASE OF ANAMMCO NIGERIA LIMITED ENUGU

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed at verifying the impact of welfare and safety programmes on organizational performance. In line with the deductive approach we adopted the survey strategy of data collection via questionnaires and oral interview. The population of the study was 800 comprising the entire staff of our case company, ANAMMCO Nigeria Limited. Using Yaro Yemini formula, we arrived at a sample size of 100. We recorded 81% questionnaire response. Simple percentages were used in analyzing the data collected. We found from this study that (i) there is a positive relationship between employee welfare/safety and organizational performance (ii) there appear to be substantial negligence on staff welfare/safety in the case company. We therefore recommended, among other things, that the organization should take steps to positively influence employees’ perception of its welfare/safety programmes. It could do this by involving its employees in the design process so as to secure their commitment to its implementation. The organization should also appoint welfare/safety officers supported by a high powered health committee to assist them in carrying out their functions. In conclusion we observed that the compensation and maintenance function of human resource management should be held in high esteem since it has been found that well maintained employees perform better on their jobs.

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Today, the issue of employee welfare and safety at work is receiving worldwide attention because of the high rate of industrial accident and absenteeism caused by ill health from work. Some jobs are very dangerous and the common law requires that every employer of labour should ensure a safe workplace for their employees. Its importance is further underscored by the fact that welfare and safety of employee at work are clear means of enhancing efficiency and productivity. Even during the colonial era and in spite of their excessive dehumanization and industrial crimes, the colonial masters did place welfare and safety care services perhaps, because of their nationals who were in control of key factories and workshops.

However, since independence the concern for the welfare and safety of workers became a non-issue, since whoever is not connected with the corridors of power both in military and civil administration was perceived as a nobody. (Imaga 2003).

In Nigeria welfare and safety consciousness (as well as indigenous organizational concern for welfare and safety) is very low. Pertinent to this fact, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has since its inception consistently and systematically addressed the concern for welfare and safety programmes and most occupational areas of human endeavour and industry.

It is obvious that the human resource in any organization are the tools of productivity without which work cannot be done effectively and efficiently no matter the number of computers or high degree of technology the organization may possess. It is in this context that the researcher hopes to verify the relationship between employee welfare and safety programmes and organizational performance.

The historical background of the firm used for this study, Anambra Motor Manufacturing Company (ANAMMCO) Nigeria limited dates back to January 17, 1977, operates a joint venture between the federal government of Nigeria and Daimler Chrysler A. G. of Germany. It specializes in the manufacture of Mercedes Benz vehicles. Its objectives are to produce commercial vehicles for the Nigerian market and meeting its social responsibilities. The company which started with a staff strength of 417 in July 1980, now has over 800 staff in its regular employment list. At appropriate levels these staff have from time to time been subjected to adequate in-the-job and off-the-job training, even in foreign centres, salaries commensurate with their levels are regularly paid, facilities are provided for staff canteen services, health-care delivery and recreational activities (Umoh, 2002).

PROJECT TOPIC- EMPLOYEE WELFARE/SAFETY AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A CASE OF ANAMMCO NIGERIA LIMITED ENUGU

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Every organization encounters some problems in its operations. Some of the problems relate to issues of inefficiency, low productivity, absenteeism, poor returns, high rates of labour turnover, re-work, and resources wastage among others. These problems could be engendered by many variables such as employee welfare/safety. This study is aimed at verifying the efficacy of the relationship between employee welfare/safety and organizational performance in ANAMMCO Nigeria Limited since we believe that improvements in employee welfare could directly enhance employees’ ability to contribute meaningfully in enhancing organizational performance.

The choice of ANAMMCO Nigeria Limited is based on its high pedigree in the automobile sector and on the fact that it has been a major player in the welfare and safety of employee programmes.

 1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION

This research is aimed at answering the question: Does welfare and safety impact on organizational performance?

1.4 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

In line with the research question, the objective of this study is to verify the impact of welfare and safety programmes on organizational performance

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The outcome of this study will hopefully throw some light on the need for managers to adopt safety and welfare programmes designed in enhancing positive employee behaviour towards the attainment of organisational goals. It is also hoped that future researchers may find the outcome of this research useful.

1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The limitation of the study are:

  • Time frame: Due to the time limit, the researcher made use of one research question and objective.
  • Source of data: Much of the data used in this research were collected through questionnaire. The validity of our result(s) will be influenced by not just the methodology used but by the response rate and by the reliability of the data collected.
  • Access to official information: Due to the need to maintain vital official secret, the management were unable to grant us full access to official information.

1.7 SOURCES OF DATA

The data in this study was collected via personal interviews and structured questionnaires.

PROJECT TOPIC- EMPLOYEE WELFARE/SAFETY AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A CASE OF ANAMMCO NIGERIA LIMITED ENUGU

1.8 ORGANIZATION OF WORK

The research report is presented in five chapters. The research background including its objective and statement of problem are presented in chapter one, while chapters two and three contain critical literature review and methodology respectively. Presentation and analysis of data come under chapter four while the concluding chapter, we summarize the study, draw conclusions and make recommendations.

PROJECT TOPIC- EMPLOYEE WELFARE/SAFETY AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE A CASE OF ANAMMCO NIGERIA LIMITED ENUGU

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