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PROJECT TOPIC- EVALUATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) FACILITIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EKWUSIGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- EVALUATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) FACILITIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EKWUSIGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

Abstract

The topic of this work is evaluation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities for effective teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area of Anambra State. Research Question of this study includes: what are the ICT facilities available for teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area?, how are the ICT facilities accessible for teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area?, what are the limitations in the use of ICT facilities in teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area?, and in what ways have ICT impacted on the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area, descriptive survey design was used. The population size was 15675 out of which two hundred (200) respondents made up of teachers and students in Ekwusigo Local Government Area were the sample size that participated in the study. Data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire and were analyzed with mean and frequency. The result showed that computer set, projector, projector screen, printer, modem, modem are the ICT facilities available for teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area. Implication of the study were drawn based on the findings, the study recommended among others that the State and Federal Ministry of Education should make provisions for ICT facilities for use in teaching and learning in secondary schools; that the State and Federal Ministry of Education should establish training programmes for training and re-training of teachers on the use of ICT facilities in teaching. Suggestions for further study were also made.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is often used as an extended synonym for Information Technology (IT), but is a more specific term that stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information (Murray, 2011). According to William (2009), it is also used to refer to the convergence of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single cabling or link system. There are large economic incentives (huge cost savings due to elimination of the telephone network) to merge the telephone network with the computer network system using a single unified system of cabling, signal distribution and management.

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are generally accepted as a modern instrumental tool that enables the educators to modify the teaching methods they use in order to increase the students’ performances.   Educational institutions around the world adopted ICT as a method of teaching as well as offering ICT related academic programs. In Bangladesh, different educational institutions have adopted ICT as a method of teaching (Murray, 2011). Onu (2009) posited that ICT technologies includes desktop and laptop computers, software, peripherals and connections to the Internet that are intended to fulfill information processing and communication functions. The introduction of these facilities for effective teaching and learning facilitates the actualization of policy on education.

Aguokogbuo (2010) defined teaching as a deliberate effort by nature or experience person in impacting information, skills, etc to a less experience person. This teaching is made effective by deliberate use of instructional materials such as ICT facilities. Fadeiye (2011) defined effective teaching as potentially, the largest single school influence on students’ achievement. Effective teachers have high expectations that all their students will achieve to their potential and are committed to providing a high quality education for all their learners. They treat children and young people as individuals, positively acknowledging their differences and building collaborative learning relationships.

PROJECT TOPIC- EVALUATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) FACILITIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EKWUSIGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

Effective teachers are approachable, communicate clearly with parents, and listen to the aspirations and concerns that parents have for their children. They are responsive and take appropriate action. Aguokogbuo (2010) also stated that there is a wide spectrum of materials available for use in teaching and learning. To achieve the objectives of education in secondary schools, it is expected that the subject be made real, stimulating and be related to everyday life experience, by the introduction of ICT facilities as an instructional materials. From the above definition, it is obvious that education is supposed to prepare individual for smooth transition from school to workplace. Based on the foregoing, the researcher saw the need to evaluate the ICT facilities for effective teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Statement of the Problem

The basic goal of what teachers genuinely do in the classroom setting is to cause effective learning to occur. This is in line with the views of authorities, who see the classroom as the power house in which the success of the learning process is generated. Unfortunately, some instructional materials have not met the expected requirements which are to cause effective learning. Also, some teachers have failed to understand the importance of ICT facilities for effective teaching and learning in this digital age. This trend is worrisome especially in this era of digitalization and thus ask: What is the position of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities in the effective teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area of Anambra State?

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) facilities for effective teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area of Anambra State. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Determine the ICT facilities available for teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area.
  2. Ascertain the accessibility of ICT facilities in teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area.
  3. Examine the limitations in the use of ICT facilities in teaching and learning in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area.
  4. Examine the impact of ICT on academic performances of students in secondary schools in Ekwusigo Local Government Area.

Significance of the Study

 

PROJECT TOPIC- EVALUATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) FACILITIES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EKWUSIGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

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