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PROJECT TOPIC : EXAMINE THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND ABANDONMENT ON HUMAN RESERVE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA, USING OSSISSA COMMUNITY AS A CASE STUDY.

 

PROJECT TOPIC : EXAMINE THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND ABANDONMENT ON HUMAN RESERVE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA, USING OSSISSA COMMUNITY AS A CASE STUDY.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

       The education of the child in Nigeria society is very vital. Child abuse has become an international phenomena, a plague of sorts. It is right to admit that it was in search of a lasting solution to the epidemic, which compelled the war leaders to put their heads together believing also that children ensures the continuity of society.

Several studies carried out by  psychologists point to the fact that personality development is fully affected by the nature of child rearing practices prevailing in a culture.  Durogaiye (1976) puts the mater most straight forward by saying that the child rearing o parents has affected the education of their children.  Here education is seen as the totality of the development of the personality of the child. The patter of interactions between the parents and their children shows how their children are socialised into the accepted behaviour of the society.

When children are maltreated by their parents, there is history of bad parent-child relationship that would become progressively worse as time passes. Whether he abused child is a baby or a toddler or an older child, there is a mutual feeling of rejection on fan open hostile character of the mother.

Because aggression transferring their growing hostilities by overt attacks on their children when deterioration in parents-child relationship become persistent, it weakens the emotional bounds between the parents and child. As a result, at  a child’s later stage, he establishes a patter of life that  do not include his family which he passes to the classroom situation  which in turn affects his education.

Morrish (1979) opines that parents’ attitude and behaviour significantly influenes the achievement of children at schools. Yinusa (1980) who all these regareds, the child physical, emotional and psychological development and a child that grows up in an oppressive environment have here feeling of love and acceptance eroded. He also grows up to develop the problem of low self esteem in the adult live.

Child abuse is also in the form of exposing the child to diseases and unfavourable weather and social conditions. Some wicked guardians punish a child by starving the child and water for a period of time longer than necessary even to the point of starving to death. Some of the abused children are used to making money through hawking of wares of all sorts, serving in hotels irrespective of their age,

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

       The rate at which children experience abuse, in Nigeria is increasing rapidly and the rate at which parents worry about their children of victims of the circumstances has brought about this study.

Child abuse and abandonment is a common social phenomenon in Nigeria. The rate at which child abuse and neglect is growing in the counry and the manner it is practiced without qualms along our market places, motor parks, major streets arouses the researcher’s interest. The researcher considers this special social malady as something that could result in negative effects on  the country in future and therefore, demands urgent investigation and remedy. It is possible that the problem of child abuse and abandonment may have fermented the fabrics of the Nigerian society so much that it might be very difficult to control.

1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

       The focus of the research is to examine very comprehensively what constitutes child abuse and abandonment. It w ill also x-ray the constitutional rights of the child in Nigeria – Nigeria being a signatory to the United Nations declaration on the rights of the child. This work also intends to examine the long and short-term effects of child abuse and abandonment on the child’s psychological and socio-cultural disposition, his immediate family members and the project of such effects on the wider members of the society.

One of the expectation of the work  is  to fully expose the ills of child abuse and abandonment and , thereby educate the concerned parents an their children on te implication of child abuse and neglect with special reference to the areas covered by the case study. The researcher intends to create awareness among parents and their children alike on child abuse and neglect and its effects on them and the entire society.

1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

       This project has both practical and theoretical significance. It does not intend to create false alarm or downplay the effects to the problems arising thereof on the entire society. First and foremost, the study is interested in helping parents to make the best o their children and the children, the best of themselves. This is possible through practicable explanations. It much be stated, however that what is easily practicable in one society may be less practicable in another society depending on the nature of the existing realities are achievable.

In theory, this work is expected to reach many people across the country. This is intended to sharpen their awareness on the implications of child abuse and neglect and at the same time will help to put and end to it. This project hopes that government at all levels will be touched to promulgate laws and seriously enforce compliance of same banning child abuse and neglect.

The project is also expected to reduce child abuse and neglect and hence ameliorate the plight of the child by making parents and the society at large realise that abuse and neglect spoil the child. Furthermore, the project is expected to motivate parents to seek alternative solutions to doing certain things, which their children do and which constitute child abuse and neglect.

For example, a parent whose underage child hawks along all streets during school hours realising that the future of the child is at stake may decide to find an alternative to hawking and hence allow that child to join his peers at school. This is one of the many significance of this project. It is done wide enough, then of the aims of this project would have been achieved.

 

PROJECT TOPIC : EXAMINE THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND ABANDONMENT ON HUMAN RESERVE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA, USING OSSISSA COMMUNITY AS A CASE STUDY.

It is common and easy for Nigerians to find for doing so many wrong things. For example, many Nigerians considered abused and abandoned children as unfortunate and suffering children as unfortunate and suffering from the poor economic position of their parents. Such people do not see it as something that could result in a very bad effect on the child, its family and the society at large.

In this regard, child abuse and abandonment are not seen as a social ill rather as “God’s will”. This project will practically change this type of notion for the better, an if this happens, many Nigerians will help in one way or the other to see that the plight of the child is improved.

Another significance of the project is that while learning the study, the knowledge and ideas of the researcher on the social ill prevalent in our society would widen, for one thing leads to another. The government might realise that the need to help certain parents who abuse their children because they had not alternative. Consider for example the children of handicapped parents to live.

In a situation like this, the society is to be blamed for allowing such children to waste away. If this project achieves its aims, it  will make societies such as described above realise the need for them to help stop child abuse and abandonment on human resource development in Nigeria and force that may begin to be born and where they are already existing, they shall be more affective.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

       This study sought to answer the following questions;

  1. Does child abuse affect the education of the child?
  2. Do parents neglect their children because of poor economic background?
  3. Do children of low-income background experience abuse more than children of high income background?
  4. Is the problem of child abuse more rampant among illiterate parents than literate parents.
  5. What are the causes of child abuse ad neglect in our society?

1.5   HYPOTHESIS

       Having all these in mind and the link between social change and the plight of the average Nigerian child on the streets, in our motor parks and in slavery, the following hypotheses are  formulated:

  1. Child abuse and neglect in Nigeria today is caused by the inability of the Nigerian parents to adjust themselves to modernisation and traditional task of child rearing.
  2. The plight of children in Nigeria is caused by the political and economic hardship in the country.
  3. More ignorant women than men engage in Child abuse and abandonment in Nigeria.

There are two types of hypothesis which was used to analyse the hypothesis formulated: Null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis

Ho: Child abuse and abandonment in Nigeria are not caused by inability of parents to adjust themselves to modernisation and traditional task of child rearing.

Ho: Child abuse and abandonment in Nigeria are caused by inability of parents to adjust themselves to modernisation and traditional task of child rearing.

Ho: Child abuse and abandonment in Nigeria are not caused by political and economic hardship in the country.

Ho: Child abuse and abandonment in Nigeria are caused by political and economic hardship in the country.

1.6  SCOPE OF THE STUDY

       The stud is restricted to child abuse in Ndokwa East Local Government Area of Delta State. It is designed to find out the effects of child abuse and abandonment on human resource development in Nigeria. This has been a problem to the progress of our society.

1.7   DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHILD ABUSE: Wrong use of the child or maltreatment of the child proportion of harm to children that results from human action or in actions that is preventable.

CHILD NEGLECT: This involves not allowing and encouraging children to grow like others abandoning new born babies somewhere to die or be picked up.

PLAGUE: A cause of moral injustice and evil in the society that disturbs the economy.

EPIDEMIC: A widespread disease that affect many people.

 

PROJECT TOPIC : EXAMINE THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE AND ABANDONMENT ON HUMAN RESERVE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA, USING OSSISSA COMMUNITY AS A CASE STUDY.

 

 

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