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PROJECT TOPIC- Factors Influencing Academic Aspirations of Married Women in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

PROJECT TOPIC- Factors Influencing Academic Aspirations of Married Women in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

Abstract
This work set to find out factors influencing academic aspiration of married women towards university education in Afikpo South local governments of Ebonyi state. Four (4) selected villages in Afikpo South local government area were sampled for this research. A population of 150 respondents was equally used to elicit information by the researcher. Subsequently four research questions guided the work and data collected were analysed using mean. Following the result of the finding the researcher made some recommendations, which includes, government should encourage women education especially university education especially university education. Good jobs should be provided for graduate women to encourage the other women to seek for university education. Educated women should be given recognizable and encouragement position in politics of this country to boast the ego of our educated women among others.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

One of the problems facing the world today is illiteracy. Many programs are being instituted to help correct the problem. There are a significantly larger number of illiterate women than men, and not just in our country. In nations all over the world, percentages of illiterate women are higher than those of illiterate men. Also, many people assume that illiterate women are concentrated in large cities with troubled schools.

While this may be true in some cases, there are also rural areas where illiterate women are often overlooked (Odora and Catherine, 1992). Women have been defined, described and explained by men for centuries as “inferior” as passive and invisible, as powerless and resource less, but women have not always described and explained women in this way (Dale, 1992). Man requires to satisfy three components of his existence, the physical, the spiritual and the mental.

Physically, we need air, water and food to survive, spiritually we need religion and mentally we need education to nurture and develop our natural intelligence. “if men qualify for education why should their female counterpart be starved of it”? (Akinkugbe, 1994). Some people perceived the place of marriage to be in the kitchen with their major role being child bearing and housekeeping since traditional occupation; married women outside the home are Agriculture, Fishing and Trading.

The notion prevails the married women do not require formal education either to work in the home or to engage in other occupation therefore, feel that education of (girls) married is a waste of time and resources. Besides, there are other reasons which have contributed to the poor attitude of married women towards education in the past, such as lack of self-confidence, discouragement by guidance, and cancellers, lack of funds and ignorance which be rising up to the occasion in greater number, by getting into colleges because the more educated a woman is, the greater the tendency to seek wage employment outside the home.

(UNDP, Human Development Report, 1992). Women’s private obligations as wives and mothers thus substituted for the public obligations of full citizenship. The idea that women fulfil their civic obligations by serving their husbands and children has being influential through African American history, excluding women from the obligation to perform military service or serve as juries. But while republican motherhood conferred social and political value on women’s work as mothers.

It was always a double-edged sword for without the public obligations of citizenship, women could not claim the rights of full citizen. Furthermore, the idea that all women to choose other paths to citizenship. (World conference on human rights, 1992). Education of women improves child health, because of educated mothers, greater knowledge of the importance of hygiene and of simple remedies.

All these lower infant mortality, which in turn means that a family does not need to have a larger number of children in order to hedge against the possibility of premature death of some children. Some studies find that mother’s education has a greater impact on the educational attainment and school achievement of children than father’s education. In this way, education of females contributes more significantly (than the education of males) to increase in human capital, productivity and economic growth. (International Seminar, 1992-1993).

The factor that influence the attitude of married women to university education are as follows; lack of motivation, poverty, opposition by husbands, difficulty to access where literacy a classes are taught, lack of time and family responsibilities. (Stromguist, 1990). Another aspect to the challenge is that of empowerment. There are problems with the government, which runs the schools.

The government dictates laws and programs, which directly affect the students. There is also challenge or problem of government not specifically recognizing women or their needs. And there is a no enough research being done to correct the problem of the high percentages of illiterate women. (Alele, 1990). The non-challant attitudes of husbands towards their wives in their academic aspirations are not encouraging.

Hence, it needs to be addressed. The value placed on the higher education for married women in Afikpo South Local Government Area is not a convincing one, owing to the weaker vessel syndrome attributed to women generally and partly to the inept attitude of women in Afikpo South Local Government Area towards education. The immense contribution that education can make to women’s efficiency in child rearing and in domestic tasks is insufficiently recognized.

The most commonly cited is that in certain society, many parents contributed to a very large extent, in that education as it is, is the pillar nation and it is pertinent to stipulate that women contribute to a large extent, the manpower of Afikpo South Local Government Area and subsequently its development. Women traditionally had economically important positions in inter-regional trade and the markets, worked in farms as major labour sources and had influential positions in traditional systems of local organization (Fawe, 1995).

PROJECT TOPIC- Factors Influencing Academic Aspirations of Married Women in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

Statement of the Problem

The attitude of men towards the academic aspiration of their wives is a very crucial issue, which is worthy of investigation. The perception of married women on academic aspiration needed to be changed. This is because most of them feel inferior in their male counterpart mostly on wage employment (Breen, 1991). There are reasons, which have contributed to the poor attitude of married women towards education such as lack of self-confidence, discouragement by guidance and counselors, lack of funds and ignorance (International Seminal, 1993).

Consequently, each of the above mentioned problems have the capacity of influencing the position of women in the society. For instance, the role of women in national development will be undermined; the women will not be able to contribute meaningfully in child training which will invariably affect the moral standard of the society, the women’s standard of living in the society is not likely to improve, women will subject themselves to social vices trafficking, women will not be able to participate fully in political and social economic development of the nation among things. However, the ugly situation needed concerted effort both from government and society and individuals. This is for the interest of our society mostly in Afikpo South Local Government Area and Nigeria in general.

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to find out the factors that influence the academic aspirations of married women in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, the Study is designed:

  1. To determine the attitude of married women to university education in Afikpo South Local Government Area Ebonyi State.
  2. To determine the value placed on higher education for married women in Afikpo South Local Government Area Ebonyi State.
  3. To investigate the attitudes of husbands t the academic aspiration of their wives in Afikpo South Local Government Area Ebonyi State.
  4. To investigate the contributions of educated married women in the upbringing of their children.

Significance of the Study

It is the desire of this research to explore various measures that could help place women mostly in Afikpo South Local Government Area in better academic aspiration. When this happens, children, parents, government and general public sand in a better position to benefit.

In this regard, when women are re-oriented mostly in academic aspiration, they will be in better position to contribute meaningfully to our national development.

More so, this research work is aimed at integrating women into the academic stream of the society, thereby making them to understand that they are not inferior to their male counterparts in academic aspiration particularly in Afikpo South Local Government Area in particular and Nigeria in general.

Scope of the Study

This work is designed primarily to investigate those factor that influence academic aspiration of married women in Afikpo South Local Government Area Ebonyi State.

Research Questions

       The following research questions were formulated to guide the study;

  1. What factors influence the attitude of married women to university education in Afikpo South Local Government Area Ebonyi State?
  2. What is the value placed on higher education for married women in Afikpo South Local Government Area Ebonyi State?
  3. What are the attitudes of husband toward the university education of married women in Afikpo South Local Government Area Ebonyi State?
  4. What are the contributions of educated women in the upbringing of their children?

PROJECT TOPIC- Factors Influencing Academic Aspirations of Married Women in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

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