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PROJECT TOPIC- Impact of Community Participation in Administration of Secondary Schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State

PROJECT TOPIC- Impact of Community Participation in Administration of Secondary Schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State

Abstract

The study investigated impact of community participation in the administration of secondary schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu state. Four research questions guided the study. Descriptive survey research design employing simple random sampling was used to sample 105 of all the principals and teachers from the 15 schools out of 25 public secondary schools in the area. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. The research question was analyzed using mean and ground mean. The result revealed that the impact of community participation in the administration of secondary schools has a positive impact to the school and community respectively. Based on the findings, It was recommended among other things that regular interactive programmes for instance seminars/workshops and conference for principals and community members should be hold on regular basis on the need for effective community participation in the administration of schools.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the study

Development of a society is closely tied to its level of educational development. Hence education has been adopted as an instrument for effecting national development as stated by Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004). Community is a part of the society and education is the counterpart of the above mentioned elements. School is the social institution where consciously designed learning experiences are provided with the objectives of achieving social aim at large, over a period of time.

School is also defined as a subsystem of the larger system of the society. It has to functionally coordinate with its immediate environment, the community in which it is situated. Community have been contributing in the affairs of public secondary school administration as regards to provision of school plant for effective teaching and learning which enable the school to achieve educational goals and objectives.

Education at secondary school level is defined by Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004), as the form of education children receive after primary education and before the tertiary stage. The broad aims of secondary education as stated in the Federal Republic of Nigeria (2004) include preparation for useful living within the society and preparation for higher education. In the policy document, it is stated that government welcomes the participation of voluntary agencies and communities in the establishment and management of secondary schools.

This is because the provision of education has become very expensive not to be left for the government alone. The school and community are two inseparable entities which are mutually dependent on one another. In Nigeria and indeed many other African countries, the typical image of a community is that of a medium sized rural village with a close-knit group of inhabitants, largely self contained with everybody knowing and standing in accepted relationship with one another Amujiri (2000).

Ngoka (2003) observed that a community is a body of people living in the same locality and having a common cultural and historical heritage and the willingness to work together. He identified some of the agencies within the communities through which effective and efficient school-community relationship are maintained. They include Parents Teachers Association (PTA), school Based Management Committee (SBMC), social clubs, old students association, Board of Governors and women Association.

In the same vein, Nwangwu (2007), observed that a school does not exist in isolation. It exists in social setting, in other words, it is an integral part of the community in which it is situated. This therefore means that the community as well as the general public in one way or the other owns and supports the school. He further stated that as a result of this support, these people deserve to be informed on regular basis on the progress and activities of the school.

Both the school and the community have tremendous influence on the character and behavior of the youths. The school as well as the community should understand and appreciate the need for mutual co-existence. Thus, there is absolute need to create opportunities and forum where views on school policies, programmes, activities are discussed. Aguba (2009), defined administration as the process of working with and through others to efficiently accomplish organizational goals.

In the words of Veig in Olewe (2007), sees administration as a determined action taken in pursuit of available labour and materials in order to gain that which is desired at the harvest cost of energy, time and money. Public secondary schools here refer to all the secondary schools that are owned, financed and managed by the Enugu State government. The school is the agent of socialization after the home.

Therefore, the school exists for the community and the community exists and acts as clients to the school. This is because without the community, there would not be the school. Okwor (2008), emphasized the need for cooperation between the school and the community in the education of children because the school and the community are symbiotically related. Advocating move on the importance of home-school cooperation, Akubue (1992) in Igbo(2002)stated that whilst few would doubt that the main influence of child’s life is his home that of the school is a good second home.

The closer the cooperation between these two, the happier the child and more successful his development in every respect. Therefore, a school community relation is a series of planned activities and media through which the schools seek to learn about the community. These activities include informing the community about and interpreting when necessary, the purpose, programmes, problems and needs of the school.

Finally, it is obvious that government and school administrators can no longer bear the burden of secondary schools alone. The community is expected to participate actively in the administration of secondary schools with regards to facilitate the attainment of educational goals and objectives.

PROJECT TOPIC- Impact of Community Participation in Administration of Secondary Schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State

Statement of the Problem

Administration of secondary schools in Nigeria is becoming very tedious for principals due to lack of materials, non-payment of teachers’ salaries in time or on regular basis, non-provision of teaching equipments for science and technical subjects in secondary schools. All these problems seem difficult as they made teachers to develop a non-challant attitude towards their primary work which is teaching. As a result of this, quality education is sacrificed and standard fails.

Hence, urgent need is necessitated for community to be involved in staff personnel management, decision making process, student personnel management, and provision of infrastructure for smooth running of secondary schools administration especially at this point in time when economic depression has adversely affected the finances both the federal and state government.

Unless the community members are involved in administration of secondary schools, the objectives of education towards teaching and learning process will be hampered. Infact, the task of child’s upbringing should be tripartite responsibilities involving the government, the authorities and the parents who are the community members. Therefore, the problem of this study is; to access the impact of community participation in the administration of government secondary schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the impact of community participation in the administration of secondary schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State.

The study is specifically set to:

1) Determine the impact of community participation in the management of staff personnel in secondary schools of Udenu L.G.A.

2) Ascertain the impact of community participation on decision making processes in secondary school system.

3) Find the influence of community participation in student personnel management in secondary schools.

4) Determine the impact of community participation in the provision of infrastructure in secondary school system.

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be of benefit to the students, the teachers, the community and the government.

To the students, they will be able to appreciate the contribution of how the community through self-help effort helps them to acquire more infrastructures and thereby enhance their skills, hence widening the scope of their educational development. Again, it will help them to appreciate the findings of this study because the study will expose them to the roles community has to play in fostering their education in the society such as provision of well equipped school library, provision of instructional materials like chalk board, chalk, textbooks, etc which will aid them to learn effectively.

Teachers will find this study important in the sense that the awareness of the community participation in the administration of schools will increase the school community cordial relationship thereby bringing about effective decision making in secondary schools. This will go a long way to enhance the teaching-learning process in secondary school system.

The community which is made up of the parents and guidance of the students will also find this study significant because it will aid them to understand and appreciate their responsibilities towards provision of school plant in order to facilitate learning.

The government will find the result of this study a useful blueprint as to guide the formulation or amendment of educational policy, to adopt full involvement of the community in administration and management of secondary schools.

This study will also be of significance to younger researcher who may wish to use this material as a research instrument.                                    

Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is to examine the impact of community participation in the administration of government secondary schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State. It will look into the impact of community participation in the management of staff personnel, the impact of community participation on decision making processes, influence of community participation in student personnel management, and the impact of community participation in the provision of infrastructure in secondary schools.

Research Question

For the purpose of this research, the following research questions have been formulated.

  1. What are the impact of community participation in the management of staff personnel in secondary schools of Udenu Local Government?
  2. What are the impact of community participation in decision making processes in secondary school system?
  3. How does community participation influence student personnel management in secondary schools?
  4. What are the impact of community participation in provision of infrastructure in secondary schools?

PROJECT TOPIC- Impact of Community Participation in Administration of Secondary Schools in Udenu Local Government Area of Enugu State

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3 Comments

  1. olaitan April 15, 2015
  2. olaitan April 15, 2015
    • Chinwendu Igbaji April 15, 2015

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