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PROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF THE NATIONAL OPEN APPRENTICESHIP SCHEME ON THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL LEAVERS IN EBONYI STATE

PROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF THE NATIONAL OPEN APPRENTICESHIP SCHEME ON THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL LEAVERS IN EBONYI STATE

ABSTACT

As a result of the up soaring rate of unemployment prevailing in the country which brings with it a lot of social problems the present administration decided to step in, in an attempt to evolve a lasting solution. The solution was the establishment of the National Directorate of Employment. The researcher undertook this investigation primarily to identify the impact of the National Open Apprenticeship Scheme, which is once of the programmes of the National Directorate of Employment in the employment of the Secondary School Leavers. The specific purposes are to:

  1. Identify whether the graduates of National Open Apprenticeship Scheme get gainfully employed after their training.
  2. Identify whether the graduates of National Open Apprenticeship Scheme and employments of labour rather than employees.
  3. Identify whether the training institutions the training institutions are well equipped.
  4. Identify whether the graduate of National Open Apprenticeship Scheme prefer to establish their institutions or work in the urban or rural areas.
  5. Identify whether the trainees of National Open Apprenticeship Scheme are being motivated by the 50.000 approved monthly allowance.

The questionnaire was used for data collection 120 graduate of the National Open Apprenticeship Scheme from five educational zones in Ebonyi State- Ikwo Ezza-north, Afikpo, Isheagu and Izzi were used for the study frequencies and percentages were used in analyzing the data collected depending on the Nature of the responses elicited from the questionnaire items. From the analysis made it identified that:

  1. Graduates of the National Open Apprenticeship Scheme (NOAS) get gainfully employed after training.
  2. Most of the graduates of the National Open Apprenticeship Scheme (NOAS) are employers of labour rather than employees.
  3. Only a few of the training institutions are well equipped.
  4. Most of the graduates of the NOAS prefer to establish their own institutions in the urban areas.
  5. Trainees of the NOAS are being motivated by the 50.000 approval monthly allowance.

Based on the above findings recommendations were made.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0: INTRODUCTION

1.1: BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.

In Nigeria’s early history, people were agriculturally inclined, Nigerians were able to produce much of the food they needed and also cash crops for export. During the colonial era, our school system was oriented towards training Nigerians to take up popular white collar jobs in the offices to the neglect of such more practical jobs as engineering. Agriculture, 000home economics and the likes.

Akro (1988) noted that the country’s unemployment problems originated as a result of the former educational system which was a description of colonial legacy. After the Nigeria civil war 1967-1970, Nigeria experienced “Oil Boom” a Lot of money was realized from oil and people neglected agriculture and sought or seek for paid employments.

Emphasis was laid on education and manpower development which made the federal government of Nigeria to initiate the universal free primary Education Scheme. So many institutions (Primary, secondary and tertiary) were established. Education was then regarded as the largest industry in Nigeria, and as such every one became interested in education.

The population of primary and secondary schools and even higher institutions increased in proportion. Most of the students could not acquire such skills that would fit them for gainful employment. According to Okoye (1979) schools do not furnish their students with minimum training to fit them for productive work.

On the other hand, a good number of our youths are more interested in academic pursuits and white collar jobs than in  vocational training which will help them to become self employed. Osu 91981) remarked that rush to the large cities in search of a better life is drawing literally thousands of Nigerians from rural areas every year.

He observed that those with requisite education and skills are quickly absorbed in jobs while those who possess neither sufficient academic nor vocational skills, live on substance level, and may cut off desperation become beggars or be convicted of armed robbery. As a result of the above mentioned, there has been a high level of unemployment of school levers in the 1980’s.

This state of unemployment created a lot of social problems such as armed robbery, prostitution, malnutrition had been observed by many researchers such as Akro (1988) who stated that “the up soaring rate of unemployment prevailing in the country was steadily on the increase by the middle 80’s and fast becoming a social and economic menace”.

There were also mass retrenchment of works as a result of the country’s poor economic situation which led to placing of embargo on certain foreign products and raw materials: as a result, some industries that used these raw materials folded up’workers in such industries become   unemployed. Other hand workers became redundant and were retrenched.

This led to an increase in the number of unemployed people in the country. As a result of the above problem the present administration then decided to step on, in an attempt to arrest the situation by establishing National directorate of employment (NDE) in 1986l. It was set up as an autonomous body to formulate policy and work out strategies for dealing with the problem of mass unemployment specially amongst school levers in the country. The NDE formally started functioning in January 1987 and has four (4) cardinal programmes. Among these programmes are listed below:-

  1. Graduate and non-graduate agricultural programme.
  2. Small scale industries programme
  3. Special public works programme.
  4. National Youth employment and vocational skill development programme.

Under the fourth programme:- National youth and vocational skill development programme, we have the following schemes:-

  1. Waste to wealth
  2. Open Apprenticeship
  3. Workshop on wheel.

The National open Apprenticeship scheme (NOAS) which is the topic of the research is aimed at helping school levers to acquire vocational skills which will enable them to establish their own institutions and then become self employed, and also employ additional hands in their establishment, thus helping to reduce the level of unemployment.

The researcher has chosen to study the impact of the open National apprenticeship scheme (NOAS) on the employment of secondary school leaders because of the four programmes of the National Directorate of employment (NDE) established by the present government. These Directorate of Employment are too much that only an aspect can be researched on, in the present study.

The NOAS also involves the training of primary school certificate holders, S 75 (class 911), G 4 (classiv), holders of ordinary National Diploma and its equivalent, H.N.D graduates and particularly secondary school levers (WASC Holders) who constitute the subjects of this research. This scheme had been operational since august 1987 and turned out three batches of trainees.

1.2: STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

A lot of things have contributed to unemployment of  secondary school levers among which are students, interested in academic subjects and inability of schools to provide students with such skills that will enable them to produce or become gainfully employment created by this mass unemployment the government has launched so many programmes and schemes to get the school leaves attention.Among these is the National open apprenticeship scheme. The question then is how far has the National open Apprenticeship schemes helped in solving the unemployment problem of school leavers since its introduction?

PROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF THE NATIONAL OPEN APPRENTICESHIP SCHEME ON THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL LEAVERS IN EBONYI STATE

1.3:  THE PROBLEM OF THIS STUDY

The purpose of the study is to find out whether the graduates of National open apprenticeship scheme get gainfully employed after their training.

  1. Find out whether the graduates of National open apprenticeship scheme are employers of Labour rather than employees.
  2. Find Out whether the graduate of National Open apprenticeship scheme are being motivated by the N50,000 approved monthly allowance.
  3. Find out whether the training institutions are well equipped.
  4. Find out       whether the graduate of the National Open apprenticeship scheme prefer to establish their institutions or work in the urban or rural areas.

1.4: SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The National Open Apprenticeship scheme (NOAS) will not be useful if the trainees, after training are not gainfully employed. The investigation will be used in many ways.

  1. It will enable the government and the NDE to discover the pitfalls in the scheme with a view to improving on the effectiveness of the scheme.
  2. The study would go further to reveal how the learning experiences which the training institutions offer help in serving the needs and aspirations of the trainees.

1.5: RESEARCH QUESTIONS:

  1. Do trainees of the National Open apprenticeship scheme get gainfully employed after training.
  2. Are most of the graduates of the National Open apprenticeship scheme prefer to establish their institutions in the urban or rural areas?
  3. Are most of the graduates of the National Open apprenticeship scheme employers of labour rather to employees?
  4. Are all the training institutions well equipped?
  5. Are the trainees of National Open apprenticeship scheme being motivated by government approved monthly allowance of N50,000?.

1.6: SCOPE/DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study is limited only to the secondary school leavers who have under taken the National open apprenticeship scheme in the three-(3) Education zones of Ebonyi State. Ebonyi North, Ebonyi South and Ebonyi Central; which include – Ikwo, Ezza, Afikpo, Ishieagu, Izzi Mgbo and Ishielu.

PROJECT TOPIC- IMPACT OF THE NATIONAL OPEN APPRENTICESHIP SCHEME ON THE EMPLOYMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL LEAVERS IN EBONYI STATE

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