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PROJECT TOPIC – IMPACT OF PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN ENUGU STATE: A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (ENADEP) 1995-2005

 IMPACT OF PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN ENUGU STATE: A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (ENADEP) 1995-2005

ABSTRACT

 

This study was on the impact of public policy implementation in Enugu State Agricultural Development Programme (ENADEP) 2001-2012. The study inquires into critical issues of policy implementation failures, such as corruption, regime instability, executive interference, “top-down” and “bottom-up” policy approaches, statutory incoherence, etc and attempts to identify, examine and analyze those of the variables that have contributed to the low pace of development in the agricultural sector in Enugu State. Employing the documentary study approach, secondary data relevant to the inquiry were collected from ENADEP progress annual, quarterly, field and implementation completion reports (ICR), journals, Federal and State ministries of agricultural and natural resources research reports, the examination of seminar papers, published and unpublished works, textbooks, conference proceedings as well as detailed and rigorous interviews of key stakeholders and specialists in the field.

The following major findings emerged from the study; first, there is frequent executive interference in the internal affairs and management of Enugu State Agricultural Development Programme by the state government resulting in frequent high level management staff turn-over particularly with regard to the office of the Project Manager with the attendant consequence of protracted delays in the execution of project activities. Second, there is a clear lack of prudent management of available project funds, occasioned by the high rate of corruption and diversion of project funds by the state government. Third is the issue of farmer‟s lukewarmness and conservative attitude to technological changes in the agricultural field. Finally, based on the findings, the following recommendations are made: (1) it was clear from the study that executive interference and politicization of the office of ENADEP‟s Project Manager contributes to the ineffectiveness of ENADEP, (2) identified also, was the issue of low staff morale occasioned by the non-payment of staff salaries and entitlements. This gave rise to the use of seconded ministry staff that does not pay loyalty to ENADEP management to perform crucial functions. To secure the commitment of staff for better and effective policy implementation, ENADEP should be made to hire and retain enough staff capable of its services.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

Since independence in 1960, several reports have been made concerning policy failures in Nigeria (Report of Vision 2010). Of recent is the vision 2010, which is an encapsulation of policies and programmes ranging from agriculture, education, health, political order, economics and others that have been poorly executed. In agricultural sector, bold attempts have been made to encourage the growth and development of the sector through agricultural education, development and financing programmes. Agricultural policies, strategies, and programmes in Nigeria have undergone many changes since independence in 1960. These changes were in the main, a reflection of changes in government philosophy on the best approach to agricultural development while the philosophic changes were, in themselves, often brought about by changes in government. But in broad sense, government philosophy on agricultural development has undergone three major phases, the first from 1960 to about 1970, the second from about 1970 to about 1985, and the third which is still unfolding, from about 1985 to present time. One of the specific agricultural programmes aimed at increasing agricultural production and improving farmer‟s conditions is the Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) (ASADEP Annual Report, 1986). The programme was conceived in 1972, while the first projects (Enitua in Kaduna, Gusau, in Sokoto and Gombe in Bauchi) commenced operation in 1975 (ASADAP Annual Report, 1986).
The success of the first generation Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) made the Federal Government to accord the agricultural development project idea prompt recognition as prime contributors to incremental food production (CBN Statistical Bulletin

and Annual Reports various issues, Yahaya, 2000). Thus, it became the policy of the federal government of Nigeria to extend agricultural development strategy to all the states of the federation (ENADEP Progress Review and Implementation Status, 1994). Despite the fact that the projects were supported by the food strategies mission of the World Bank, it was obvious that the organization could not solely fund further expansion of more Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs). Therefore, jointly funded programme, which would enable the basic agricultural development project concepts to be more readily extended to those areas which had not benefited from the conventional agricultural development project packages, was recommended (ASADEP Annual Report, 1986). The Agricultural Development Projects is a tripartite development strategy among the World Bank, the Federal Government and the State Government. The Anambra State Agricultural Development Project (ASADEP) benefited from the World Bank joint funded programme, and the project activities commenced fully in 1986 (ASADEP Annual Report, 1986).

Following the creation of Enugu and Anambra State in August 1991, the Enugu State Agricultural Development Project (ENADEP) came into being, and since then, it has been implementing the aims and objectives for which the parent agricultural development project was established. Ihimodu (1986:10) noted that among the important features of the Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs), is the improvement of infrastructure within the project areas through construction of dams to provide water for crops, animals and man, provision of extension services and marketing services, provision of credit facilities to farmers to enable them take advantage of the facilities of health and other social services

provision of base for the improvement of health and other social services in the project areas. The contemporary agriculture in Nigeria is dominated by small scale farmers using traditional methods. Thus, the principal objective of Enugu State Agricultural Development Project (ENADEP), is to increase food production and incomes of small-scale farmers in the project areas and thereby increase total food supply and raw materials for the growing population, and the agro-based industries, which will be achieved by producing a package of essential inputs, and an efficient delivery system through the farm service centre. However, a downward trend was observed from 1991. This has persisted ever since. Food importation has rather been on increase, which sustained decline in domestic production. This was the period of essential commodity and the beginning of massive corruption, which permeated various sectors of the economy. This was the situation until 1999 when a democratic government was sworn in. During this period, the Fadama development project was introduced in 1992. It however, did not make sufficient impact.

The democratic government headed by president Olusegun Obasanjo initiated some policies and programme, which involved: reorganizing, restructuring, privatizing institutions and agencies, and encouraging partnership to make impact, Nigeria Agricultural Cooperatives and Rural Development Bank, NACRDB, (2000); National Agricultural Development Fun, NADF (2002); National Special Programme on Food Security, NSPFS (2002); Commodity Marketing and Development Companies, CMDC (2003); all these have had some positive impact on agricultural production and consequent improvement in agricultural development projects.There has been a lot of reorganization, restructuring of agricultural programmes in the country. A lot of policies and projects have been embarked upon without a corresponding result. The food productions that supposed to boom and reduce food insecurity in the state keep on fluctuating. The study want to examine how these projects have been managed.

 IMPACT OF PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN ENUGU STATE: A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (ENADEP) 1995-2005

 

1.1 Statement of the Problem

 

The principal policy position of Enugu State Agricultural Development Programme (ENADEP) is to increase food production and income of small scale farmers. The programme was fashioned to revolutionize agricultural sector of Enugu State economy, which was derailing from its normal contribution to the economy. However, extent literature and available evidence indicate that these objectives are yet to be met. Since the introduction of Agricultural Development Projects in Enugu State in 1992, which signaled the beginning of a serious process of implementation, there have been further accusations that the implementation process has not been consultative enough; that it is heavy-handed, and that the solutions are uniformly imposed, with little sensitivity to local realities (Emehelu, 1994). From complaints about relative statistics, the tune has now changed to complaints of overload and inundation with too many things happening at the same time (IKelegbe, 1996). In addition, policy implementation failures in Nigeria are also a direct consequence of political instability. Within the period under study (1995-2005), Enugu State has embarked on so many Agricultural Development Programmes due to instability in the government.

The Enugu State government has been experiencing new-governed-new-policy. Consequently, the study poses the following questions:
(1) Does the Enugu State Agricultural Development Programmes increase food production in Enugu State between (1995-2005)?
(2) Is there any link between public policy implementation and the success or failure of Enugu State Agricultural Development Projects?
(3) Does the institutional structure of ENADEP affect the policy implementation of Agricultural Development Projects in Enugu State?

 

 IMPACT OF PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION IN ENUGU STATE: A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (ENADEP) 1995-2005

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