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PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND LOCUS OF CONTROL ON STRESS AMONG ADOLESCENT

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND LOCUS OF CONTROL ON STRESS AMONG ADOLESCENT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

At least since world war 11 psychologists and other scholars has been interred in stress and its effects on human behavior. Stress or awareness of stress seems to be on being on the rise. Sixty percent of adults and a majority in every adult age group under 65 reports that they feel great stress at least ones in a week, and 27 percent feel it 3 days a week or more (Selye, 2000). Stress is, of course an inevitable part of everyones life. Some stress is essential and some is actually emergizing. Selye (2000) stated that complete freedom from stress is death.

Stress is the organism’s physiological and psychological reaction to demands made on it. According to lazarus (2003) stress refers to the responses elicited by physical or psychological events that an individual perceives to be harmful or emotional upsetting. In response to either physical or psychological danger, the individual feels threatened and tries to cope with the situation.

The study further revealed that seventy percent say that they consciously try to reduce stress. College students and graduates, and people with high income are most likely to feel frequent stress and to take steps to control it. Stress is the result of demand placed on the body either positive events (makus, 2001). however the most common source of stress are occupational threat (such as pressure from a supervisor to look harder) and family threats (such as a complaints from a spouse).

For adolescent the common source of stress include low grades, the all divorce of parents, or an unwanted pregnancy (brody, 2001). For all of us the most commonly reported physical symptoms of stress include headache muscle or lesion, stomachaches, and fatigue. The most common psychological symptoms include nervousness, anxiety, anger, irritation and depression (perrewe & anthony 2000).

Moreover, Ninis (2007) in a study of adolescent discovered that stress affects student performance in schools. He observed that university environment is stress-provoking. In such environments students are threatened to poor accommodation, academic pressure inadequate facilities for learning, social activities and a host of others. Under such condition study will suffer from headaches, stomachaches anxiety depression etc.

There are different however, in individual with regard to personality make-up as well as the mode of response to stress. Some individual (student) attribute the cause of the out come of events out side themselves, while others perceive it being determined by their own actions or by self has been studies by Rotter(1975). In a widely accepted monogreph, she formulated the concept internal-external locus of control (1-E) as a measure of individual differences.

According to Rotter (1975), internal are individuals who perceive their behavior out come and other events in their live as contingent upon their own actions, externals factors as luck, faith, change etc. Based on the findings above one may expect that students would react and cope with stressful situations on campus in different ways. Therefore, to add to this findings this study is interested in the influence of internal-extenal locus of control on stress among adolescent.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND LOCUS OF CONTROL ON STRESS AMONG ADOLESCENT

1.2 Statement of the Problem

In this study, the researcher will find answers to the following problems. Is it possible that there would be a significant difference students with external locus orientation and student with internal locus orientation in the level of stress? Would there be significant gender differences in student’s level of stress?

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The following aims motivated this study:

To determine whether there will be a significant difference between internal and externals in their level of stress among adolescent.

Also, to verfy whether there would be gender difference in level of stress among adolescent.

  • Definition of Terms

Stress: The result demand placed on the body either positive or negative events. This will be determined based on the instrument used in this study (Moorhead & Griffin, 1995).

Stressors: Events capable of causing stress.

Locus of Control: Personality scale showing personal perception of the cause of events.

Internal Locus: Individual whose scores are high in perceiving their behaviour out come and other events in their lives to be contingent upon their own actions according to rotter’s (1966) locus of control scale.

External Locus: Individual whose scores are high in perceiving their action and rewards to controlled by such external factors as luck fate changed etc according to Rotter’s (1966) locus of control scale.

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND LOCUS OF CONTROL ON STRESS AMONG ADOLESCENT

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