PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF HOME VIDEO ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE
This research work was designed to examine the effect of home video on secondary school students in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Four research questions were formulated to guide the study. The researcher adopted a descriptive survey research design in carrying out this study. The population of the study comprised of 4,285 teachers and students in all the twenty two (22) secondary schools in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. The sample consists of 200 respondents. A simple random sampling technique was used to draw the sample for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data which was validated by three experts. Statistical mean (x) was used to analyze the data collected. Findings among other things revealed that; watching of home video influences the child’s academic performance among secondary school in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, watching of home video influences the child’s behaviour toward their peer group academic performance among secondary school students, television has impact on students study habit academic performance among secondary school students and watching video affect the students life style in school environment. From the findings the researcher recommended that; Parents should monitor their children at home as watching of home video influences the child’s academic performance, Parents should create a conducive environment that will aid the children to develop a good reading habit, teachers should also educate the students on the bad effect of home video as it affect academic performance and children should not be allowed to watch action film as it affect their life style. Finally, suggestions for further studies were drawn.
Background to the Study
Education is the transmission of what is worthwhile to individuals to make them knowledgeable and contributing members of the society. Omebe and Mgboro (2001), refers education as the acquisition of certain behavioural characteristics such as skill, attitudes, beliefs, tastes, ability to reason, knowledge and any other trait which enable one adjust and interact effectively with other individuals. Fafunwa in Sarah (2009) rightly points out that education involves a combination of physical training which is character building, manual activities and intellectual training.
Education also embraces all experiences through which an individual acquires knowledge or ideas, develops his intellect and strengthens his will. Agi (2005) puts it that modern nations of the world have proved that for economic advancement, political democracy, industrial, technological and scientific breakthrough as well as character development to take place, the highest premium must be placed on education. From the above definition of education, it points out that the scholars emphasize on what education is all about and its importance in the national development.
Through education, an individual develops the capacity to contribute meaningfully to the growth and development of his country. For education to play its roles, it must be functional and effective. Functionality and effectiveness in the sense that it brings desirable changes in what people think, the way people feel and interact with their physical, social, economic, cultural and political environment.
Ocho (2005).Ocho further maintains that functionality in education will equip the citizens of a nation who are found worthy in character and in learning to participate and contribute maximally to the development of the country. Education has been recognized as a tool par excellent and the spring board for effecting desired national economic growth and development. Formal education, takes place in a school setting. This is teaching and learning process and it is only quality teachers that can beget quality students.
Media as means of communication technology such as television, radio, newspaper, press, news reporting agencies, internet, movies, mobile devices, video games, (Betty,2012). Communication is the process of passing on information, ideas or messages with one or more individuals in a particular place at a particular time through a channel. Without communication, the world can hardly move forward.
The Media is expected to play the watchdog role and be part of the system of checks and balances in the political system. This is contained in the Federal Republic, Section 22 of 1999 which states: “The press, radio, television and other agencies of the mass media shall at all times be free to uphold the fundamental objectives, the responsibilities and accountability of the government to the people.
The media is a powerful ‘director and molder’ of public opinion, and a powerful means of creating general attitudes of thought and feeling. It is gigantic force in any community capable of doing almost anything such as elevating societal tastes and standards; its wants and desires. But if children become deliberate tools for manipulating the public in the interest of certain groups or classed, the Media can become agents of defilement and even retrogression.
No other human institution has such potentialities for good and or for evil. For instance, Media reportage on situations or events in the country ‘today arising from the health of President UmaruYar’Adua is an example of how the Media can manipulate. The Media is expected to play the watchdog role and be part of the system of checks and balances in a political system.The Media is the main source of information in today’s world and citizens base their actions on this information.
In the process of informing and educating, the Media provides inputs for the formation of ideas, hence they constitute veritable instruments for mobilization. Today, everyone has come to be entirely dependent on the Media in the quest for knowledge on a wide range of interesting events. As the organization of society became more complex and far-reaching, the importance of the Media in the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge had inevitably increased.
Often times the Media revels uncontrollably in its importance and arrogates to itself the status of kingmakers in the body-polity of the nation, and even tending to believe that being Kingmakers, they could also un-make Kings. Lawal (2008,), opines that the mass media fulfills five major functions which are “to inform, educate, instruct, merchandise and to entertain”. According to Adieza (2s004), these films were sponsored by Herbert Macaulay and were shown at the Glover Hall in Lagos.
Film at this period was essentially meant to stimulate interest on the British Empire. In 1960 shortly after the independence, the first genre of Indigenous film produced was “Culture in Transition” an abridged version of Wole Soyinka’s “The Strong Breed”. “Kongi’s Harvest” also heralded the Independence anniversary. Films during this period were shown in large cinema halls which often attracted large crowd, the film hall eventually became a rendezvous for criminals.
The cost of showing film through these projectors was high, so in 1980 when home videos came into the country, it was embraced by all homes. Producers now shifted to the production of home videos which were cheaper and faster. Sor (2011) noted that by 1996, over 20,000 home videos were recorded in the film market. With the influx of these videos with assorted themes in the market and the uncontrolled nature of sales and rentals, parents and children buy or rent films which may have adverse effect on the morals of the entire citizenry, Since much time could be wasted by children in watching some of these videos, there could be serious implications in their behaviour and academic performance.
Bride (2010) in a research report estimated that at the age of 18 years, a child spend more time watching the television than any other single activity beside sleep. It was also noted that at the first 15 years of the child’s life, he loves watching the screen than going to school. The implication is that the general attitude to life of a child tries to find an established direction. The child is exposed to home videos through the television screen and so the tendency of the adolescent to be influenced by what he sees is very likely.
Bride (2010) comments that the media of communication such as home videos are cultural instrument which serve to promote or influence attitude, to motivate, foster the spread of behaviour patterns and bring about social integration. So, a child begins to perceive what he sees in the home videos as a pattern of behaviour or culture that is acceptable. Perception and experience contribute to the development of a person’s behaviour.
What a child sees is often accepted as a norm, he tries to imitate. Ker (2011) opined that since the mid-70’s the film culture began to take root with the increase in the earning power of the Nigerian worker. Thus many average Nigerians could afford to own or have access to movies or video films of diverse kinds. The rural areas are no longer alien to the phenomenon of modern society as improved technology has- made it possible for nearly all Nigerian citizens to enjoy this form of entertainment.
Home videos could be said to have both negative and positive influence on the Nigerian child depending on the type of film, the time, and the level of control parents are able to adopt. It is however clear that a child imitates what he sees hence he must be guided. Onokome (2014) stated that violence is one of the effects of home video. Children who watch a lot of violent films are prone to violent acts.
There is the belief that people often accept the fictional representation in the media for their vivid and demonstrative relay of pictures. The Home-video is popularly considered by many people as a school of violence as it has the ability to hold its audience better than any conventional school. Ekwazi (2011) opined that when children identify themselves with admired aggressive heroes and heroins in the home videos and copy their behaviour whenever a relevant situation arises, the child is most likely to perceive a particular link between media mediated fantasy and concrete reality.
Adieza (2004) also noted that most home videos depict sexually related behaviour and when children watch such movies, they are sexually aroused especially the adolescents and this could often lead to such anti-social vices as sexual addition, lesbianism and homosexuality. There are the long-term and short-term effects of home video especially as it affects the behaviour of the child.
Traits such as hostility may be the effect of watching films with violent content. This can stimulate aggressive thoughts and feelings. Adesanya (2009) believes that viewing violent programme can alter children’s behaviour such as making the child afraid, worried and suspicious or increasing the child’s tendency for aggressive behaviour. Pornographic films have untold negative effects on the child as it escalates his sexual urge and he tends to venture into experimentation.
The most dangerous is the fact that home videos takes children’s time as noted by Adesanya (2004), thereby depriving them of maximum concentration on their school work such as revision of notes, assignments and even domestic hores. They prefer to remain glued to the screen rather than participate actively in home chores. In most Nigerian homes, that best form of entertainment is watching films. Most home videos have a time duration of one hour, thirty minutes and some two hours, so there is a high risk of obesity.
PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF HOME VIDEO ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AFIKPO NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE
Statement of the Problem
Nigerian movies assumed a lot of important in the area of entertainment and cultural transmission and behavour modification. This explains the time audience (both children and adults) spend watching movies in their homes or their frequent visit to video clubs. Students no more read their books at home.
The behavioural pattern of people is formed by different factors in their environment such as home video. Home movies have entered as a novel part of the environment that has an over-powering influence since many of these Nigerian movies embody that tradition and culture of Nigerian if they are not of high technical or moral quality, they will influence their audience negatively. Those who do not have fair knowledge of the ideal culture are bound to imbibe the negative aspect unconsciously.
It is due to this fact that the researcher embarked on this study to find out the effect of home video on students’ academic performance among secondary school students in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of home video on secondary school students in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Specifically, this study seeks to:
- Determine whether watching of home video influence child academic performance among secondary school in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
- Ascertain whether watching of home video influences the children behaviour toward their peer group academic performance among secondary school student in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
- Find out the impact of television on students study habit academic performance among secondary school student in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State.
- Determine whether watching video affect the students life style in school environment.
Significance of the Study
This research would be of immense significance to teachers, the students as well as researchers.
The findings generated by this study would help the teachers of all levels of learning to carryout strategies to modify students’ behaviour. They are generally critical to success in school,considered essential for acquiring good grades, and useful for learning throughout one’s life. When these techniques are not utilized effectively by the teachers, the students found it difficult to comprehend but when utilize effectively by the teachers the academic performance of the students will be satisfactory. And this will go a long way to encourage the teachers to put in their best in the teaching and learning process.
The findings of the study will be of interest to the students who are the future of the Nation, because they will expose them to the known and most acceptable study habits that will energize them throughout their schooling for a better academic performance, because the issues remain that education is the bedrock of every society. So, in any developed nation human skills matters and for this human skills to be fully actualizes students’ need to be adequately trained for the betterment of the nation. Thus, study techniques through the findings would aid the students a lot over their study.
Furthermore, the findings of this study will help a researcher, who wants to carry out a research work on effect of home video, this study will act as a basis to contribute to the existing knowledge.
Scope of the Study
The study focused on the effect of home video on students’ academic performance among secondary school students in Afikpo North L.G.A. the content covered; effect of home video, concept of home video, home video programmes, academic impact of home video.
The following research questions were raised to guide the study.
- How does watching of home video influence the child academic performance among secondary school in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State?
- How does watching of home video influence the child behaviour toward their peer group academic performance among secondary school student in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State?
- What are the impact of television on students study habit academic performance among secondary school student in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State?
How does watching video affect the students’ life style in school environment?