PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF INDISCIPLINE ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

Abstract

This study set out to investigate the effects of indiscipline on secondary school students in Ethiope East Local Government Area of Delta State. The specific objectives of the study include, to ascertain what constitute indiscipline, unearth the factors that account for the phenomenon, find out why the menace persists despite measures already put in place, determine the extent to which this affects students and suggest ways by which the menace could be eradicated. Five research questions were drawn to guide the study. The instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire0. Copies of this were administered on 140 students sampled randomly from a population of 2,200 students. Based on the analysis and interpretation of the data, poor academic results, teenage pregnancy, physical/psychological deformity and untidy school compound were identified as glaring effects of students’ indiscipline. To minimize this problem, this study suggests that students should be giving adequate moral instructions, guidance and counselling services. Extramural classes and extra curricula activities should be organized periodically to engage the students. Corporal punishment, suspension or expulsion should be adopted when necessary, while students that exhibit excellent behaviour should be appreciated accordingly. This will so a long way in addressing the problem of indiscipline in our schools.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Indiscipline has been an age-long phenomenon in human society. It cuts across geographical, environmental racial and institutional settings. It is not peculiar to any age, people or place. Even in the developed societies, indiscipline is a social problem in secondary schools. In every society, institution or organisation, whether simple or complex, there are clearly stipulated rules and regulations according to which members are expected   to follow.

Adesina (1960) stated that conformity to norms is the   atmosphere in which students accord due respect to school authorities, observe rules   and regulations and maintain established  standards  of  behaviour . It is expected of students to follow rigidly the requirements of standard behavioural codes. Thus, in essence, rules and regulations create an atmosphere of peace and tranquillity as people go about their

normal businesses.   Any act that undermines these rules amount to indiscipline. Indiscipline therefore refer to acts, attitudes or behaviour exhibited by any member of a social unit that contravenes the established rules of conduct recognised and promoted within the unit. Obasanjo (1978) sees it as the cankerworm that has eaten deep   into the fabrics of our society.

According to Ezewu, et al (1983), the school is seen  as  an  institution  vested with  the   primary    responsibility of  imparting  intellectual skills into  children  as well as inculcating  the  cherished societal  values  into   students   moulding   and shaping  their behaviour in accordance with the   norms of the  school  and the society  at large.

 No meaningful academic exercise – teaching and learning can take place where there is gross disrespect for laid down rules and regulations that streamline the conduct of both teachers and students. Conformity to these rules is essential for meaningful progress. This is      an indisputable prerequisite. In our secondary schools today, the manner by which students conduct themselves calls to question if there are any rules in existence at all.

It is worrisome in the sense that students pursue indiscipline as if it were   a virtue. The effect of this phenomenon makes matters worse. Even schools that are noted for the excellent conduct of their students are not exempted. Yahaya (1981) , identifies three types of behavioural tendencies of indiscipline students indulge in:

  • Anti–social Acts: which refers to destruction of school’s property, hooliganism, stealing and burglary.
  • Acts of Defiance: these are usually directed against established rules e.g. going out of the class without due permission, wearing mufti to school, drug addiction, drinking, sexual immorality and lateness to class.
  • Acts of Negligence: these include acts of refusal to serve punishment or assignments.

Despite the stipulated punishment for acts of   indiscipline, students regard them with a pinch of salt.

In Ethiope east local government Area of Delta state, the above scenario is the order of the day in secondary schools. This research work focuses on indiscipline in secondary schools within the local government with the view to ascertaining its influence on students.

 PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF INDISCIPLINE ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

Statement of the Problem

The height of indiscipline in secondary schools is beyond the imagination of parents, teachers and educational administrators. Student in their prime no longer see lateness to school as something that is abnormal. They indulge in various acts, like poor attitude to schoolwork and assignments, cheating and examination malpractices, absenteeism, cultism etc.

During the 20004 May/June West Africa Senior School Certificate Examination at Baptist High School, Eku in Etiope East Local Government Area (which is one of my test institutions), a student drew out a pistol when a colleague could not release to him immediately a prepared ‘microchip’ from home. In another school, Eku Girls’ Grammar School, candidates were alleged to have contributed money for teachers   to help them write the examination.

This shows that school authorities connive with   students sometimes perpetrate indiscipline. Despite the efforts of parents and school authorities to   checkmate the scourge of indiscipline, the problem seems to defy solution. This makes any concerned person to begin to ask some questions:

I.      What constitutes indiscipline?

II.     What factors are responsible for students’ indiscipline?

III.   Why has the problem of indiscipline persisted despite   measures                                                            aimed at curbing it?

IV.    To what extent has indiscipline contributed to the disruption of normal academic activities?

V.      Is there any away out to reverse the trend?

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to find out the effects of indiscipline on secondary school students. Specifically, this study was designed to

             I.       Ascertain what constitutes acts of indiscipline

  1. Examine the factors that account for indiscipline among secondary school students.
  • Explain why the situation persists despite measures aimed at minimizing the phenomenon.
  1. Determine the extent to which indiscipline affects normal academic activities.
  2. Recommend practical ways of eradicating indiscipline in secondary schools.

          Significance of the Study

The study is significant in the following ways: This work will make for a better understanding of the nature of indiscipline in our society especially in secondary schools. The findings and recommendations shall be useful to parents, school heads, teachers and other stakeholders who are concerned with controlling students’ indiscipline. Also the research work shall serve as a contribution to knowledge on the subject of indiscipline as well as a basis for further research.

Scope of the Study

The research work is delimited to investigate the influence of indiscipline among secondary schools in Ethiope East Local Government of Delta state as it affects teaching and learning. Five secondary schools were selected for the study on the basis of their notoriety in acts of indiscipline among students of the schools.  These secondary schools include: Okpara Community Secondary School, Okpara Inland, Kokori Comprehensive Commercial School, Igun, Baptist High https://https://www.https://www.projectwriters.ng/project-topics-nigeria-list/School, Eku, Kokori Grammar school, Kokori, and Abraka Secondary School, Oria–Abraka.

Research   Questions

  Five research questions were formulated to guide the study

1    To what extent does students’ poor academic records attributed to          indiscipline?

2   Is there any relationship between students’ physical /psychological problems and their deviant behavioural tendencies?

3   To what extent could the unsanitary condition of schools be traced to the influence of indiscipline among students?

4     To what extent does suspension from school be considered as an effect of indiscipline?

5    What will be the coping strategies for curbing   indiscipline among secondary school students in Ethiope East Local Government Area?

PROJECT TOPIC- INFLUENCE OF INDISCIPLINE ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE

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